Because good research needs good dataTrust: when we need it, how to get it                          Kevin Ashley          ...
Tools to aid planninghttp://www.dcc.ac.uk/dmponline        SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY   2
http://cardio.dcc.ac.uk/  SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY   3
What did I say I would say?• Trust – when we need it & who from  •   Depositors  •   Consumers – content & services  •   P...
Some other reading• Walters & McDonald, Creating Trust Relationships for  Distributed Digital Preservation Federations  ht...
In 2000: worried about authentic objects                        •   Authentication involves chain of trust                ...
TRUSTEDDIGITAL REPOSITORY   SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY   7
Repository? Scholarly Publications            Outputs Educational Materials      Administrative recordsRepository    Data ...
TRUSTEDDIGITAL REPOSITORY   SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY   9
TRUSTED TRUSTWORTHY x  SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY   10
Are you trusted or trustworthy?• Producers trust you to take care of stuff• Consumers trust you to provide content and  se...
“Trust is good – control is better”                              Lenin       SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-...
Audit & certification standards• TRAC – 2006 (from TDR [2002], PDI [1996])  • An audit mechanism• DSA – Data Seal of Appro...
OAIS core responsibilities•   Negotiate with producers for content•   Obtain sufficient control•   Determine scope of desi...
But broader concerns…•   Financial viability•   Succession planning•   Organisational mission•   Forward planning•   Trans...
Why do it ?•   To gain trust•   For self-improvement•   To galvanise funders/management/users•   NOT: because everyone els...
Current position• No ISO-accredited organisation yet• Self or external work with DSA or TRAC useful  preparation or end-po...
http://www.iso16363.org/http://www.datasealofapproval.org/http://cardio.dcc.ac.uk/                             Director @ ...
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Trust: when we need it and how to get it

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A presentation for the repositories session at SPARC's 2012 Open Access meeting in Kansas City, Missouri.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • Users sometimes care about the identity of a service provider. They care when you ask them for money; they care when your identity is part of the trust they place in what they see. These issues aren’t specific to digital preservation, and they aren’t at all new. Both the technological solutions, and the sociological basis of trust and identity, actually involves a chain of trust of some sort. I believe in the bona fides of the PRO or the British Library; if, through them, I encounter another organisaation, I’ll also take their assurances about the bona fides of that third party. I believe that, when my browser locks that padlock that tells me I have a secure connection, that the security certificate tells me that the maker of my browser has validated the identity of another organisation that has validated the identity of another organisation that did some simple check on the person I’m dealing with. There’s a chain of trust, and to some extent it comes down to: Do I trust Microsoft ? Do I trust AOL/Time-Warner ? Perhaps I don’t want to think about that for very long. The technology helps me prove the identity of someone, but it doesn’t necessarily help me trust them.
  • Trust: when we need it and how to get it

    1. 1. Because good research needs good dataTrust: when we need it, how to get it Kevin Ashley Director, DCC director@dcc.ac.uk Funded by: © Digital Curation Centre, 2009. Licensed under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.5 Scotland: CC-BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/scotland/
    2. 2. Tools to aid planninghttp://www.dcc.ac.uk/dmponline SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 2
    3. 3. http://cardio.dcc.ac.uk/ SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 3
    4. 4. What did I say I would say?• Trust – when we need it & who from • Depositors • Consumers – content & services • Peers • Funders• Who do we need to trust ?• Certification – TRAC, ISO, DSA, etc SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 4
    5. 5. Some other reading• Walters & McDonald, Creating Trust Relationships for Distributed Digital Preservation Federations http://hdl.handle.net/10919/10182• Day, M. (2008). Toward distributed infrastructures for digital preservation: the roles of collaboration and trust. International Journal of Digital Curation, 3(1), 2008, 15-28. http://www.ijdc.net/ijdc/article/view/60/61 SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 5
    6. 6. In 2000: worried about authentic objects • Authentication involves chain of trust • Not just technological, but sociological • May still be fiscal or related to other issues • Technology proves identity, but does not give trust Ashley, K “I’m me and you’re you but is that that?” New Review of Academic Librarianship 6(1) 2000 SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 6
    7. 7. TRUSTEDDIGITAL REPOSITORY SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 7
    8. 8. Repository? Scholarly Publications Outputs Educational Materials Administrative recordsRepository Data center ERMS Archive Data library SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 8
    9. 9. TRUSTEDDIGITAL REPOSITORY SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 9
    10. 10. TRUSTED TRUSTWORTHY x SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 10
    11. 11. Are you trusted or trustworthy?• Producers trust you to take care of stuff• Consumers trust you to provide content and services around it• Everyone trusts you to obey laws & licences• Peers need to trust your services• You need to trust your peers’ services• Your funders need to trust a lot• You may be outsourcing…. SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 11
    12. 12. “Trust is good – control is better” Lenin SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 12
    13. 13. Audit & certification standards• TRAC – 2006 (from TDR [2002], PDI [1996]) • An audit mechanism• DSA – Data Seal of Approval • Audit & certification – designed for data repositories• ISO 16363 • Audit & certification – built on OAIS• ISO 16919 (in preparation) • Requirements for audit bodies SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 13
    14. 14. OAIS core responsibilities• Negotiate with producers for content• Obtain sufficient control• Determine scope of designated community• Ensure independent utility of data• Follow procedures for preservation• Disseminate data to community SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 14
    15. 15. But broader concerns…• Financial viability• Succession planning• Organisational mission• Forward planning• Transparency• ….. SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 15
    16. 16. Why do it ?• To gain trust• For self-improvement• To galvanise funders/management/users• NOT: because everyone else is doing it SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 16
    17. 17. Current position• No ISO-accredited organisation yet• Self or external work with DSA or TRAC useful preparation or end-point• Planning for audit a useful activity in itself• Auditor training planned for this year• Buy ISO 16363 from ISO: 172 SF• Or free from NASA: http://public.ccsds.org/publications/archive/652x0m1. pdf SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 17
    18. 18. http://www.iso16363.org/http://www.datasealofapproval.org/http://cardio.dcc.ac.uk/ Director @ dcc.ac.uk @kevingashley @digitalcuration www.dcc.ac.uk http://slideshare.net/kevinashley SPARC-OA- 2012-03-12 - Kevin Ashley, DCC, CC-BY 18

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