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Grammar

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Grammar

  1. 1. PRESENT SIMPLEFor: auxiliary verb: do –negative.Interrogative.Main verb: infinitive.-_ Affirmative: subject + Main verb + verb (infinitive) + C- example: You eat pizza.-_ Negative: subject + doesn´t , don´t + Main verb (inf) + C- example: You don´t pizza.-- Interrogative: Do, Does +subject +Main verb (inf) +C?- example: Does she plays tennis.Se utiliza para rutinas.
  2. 2. PRESENT SIMPLE He  Main verb + S She  Main verb + S It  Main verb +SEXCEPTIONS:Si el verbo acaba en :-ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o se le se le añade +es.Si acaba en ¨y¨  +s.+ ies.SI: study studies NO: antes vocal; play plays
  3. 3. PRESENT SIMPLETIME EXPRESSIONS :Every day  Todos los días.At the weekend  El fin de semana.Once a week Una vez a la semana.On sundays Los sábados.FRECUENCY ADVERBS :Always  Siempre.Often A menudo.Usually Con frecuencia.Sometimes A veces.Hardly ever Casi nuca.Never Nunca.
  4. 4. PRESENT CONTINUOUSForm: Auxiliary verb : am, is, are  affirmativenegativeinterrogativeMain verbs: + ing.Affirmative: subject +am,is,are +Main verb(-ing) +C.Example: You are playing whith my friends.Negative: subject + am,is,are, not+Main verb (-ing) +C.Example: I´m not eating vegetables.Interrogative:(wh-)am,is,are + subject + Main verb (-ing) + C?Example: what is she writing?
  5. 5. PRESENT CONTINUOUS- USE: Actions at the moment of spealving.ABVERBS:-Now Ahora.- At present actualmente.- Right now Ahora mismo.- At the moment  En este momento.Example: ¨I´m writing at the moment.¨No se pueden poner en presente continuo:THINK, LOVE, LIKE, BELONG, KNOW,PREFER
  6. 6. PAST SIMPLEForm: Auxiling verb  interrogativenegative  Did.Main verbs  affirmative  past; -ed.-2nd form.Affirmative: subject + verb past + C.- Example: You ate potatoes.-- Negative: subject + didn´t + verb infinitive + C.- Example: He didn´t play basket yerterday.- Interrogative: Did + subject + verb inf. + C ?- Example: Did he play basket yerterday?
  7. 7. PAST SIMPLE ADVERBS:Yesterday  morning , afternoom, evening.- A year , two weeks, three months  Ago.- Hast  week, year, month, Sunday, Monday…
  8. 8. PAST CONTINUOUSForm: Auxiling verb  Was (I,she,he,it ).Were ( You,we,they).- Affirmative: subject + was,were + v-ing +C.- Example: She was eating hamburgers.- Negative: subject + wasn´t, weren´t +v-ing + C.- Example: She wasn´t cleaning the room.- Interrogative: Was ,were + subject + v-ing + C?- Example: Was she reading book?
  9. 9. PAST SIMPLE/ PAST CONTINUOUSWhen  cuándo  past simple.While mientras  past continuous.Whe I was doing (do) my homework; someone sent (send) me awhatsapp.When he entered (enter) the room, I was whatching (whatch)TV.While she was cooking ( cook) dinner, the thelephone rang(ring).Past simple past continuous
  10. 10. PRENSENT PERFECTForm: auxiliary verb  have.has( she,he,it).Main verb past participle regular –ed.irregular 3rd form.- Affirmative: subject + have,has + Main verb past participle + C.- Example: I have played basketball.Negative: subject + haven´t, hasn´t + Main verb past participle +C.Example: She hasn´t eaten pizza.Interrogative: (Wh-)+ have,has + subject + Main verb past part + C?Example: Have you drunk coke?
  11. 11. PRESENT PERFECT ADVERBS:Since Desde;For Desde hace.. ;Yet  Al final de la frase.Already delante del verbo principal.Just (acabar de) delante del verbo principal.Ever ( alguna vez)  delante del verbo principal.Yet negative and interrogative.Already affirmative.Example: I have already finished my homework.She hasn´t done he proyect yet.
  12. 12. COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES-Comparative:Mary´s shoter than Alice´s.You earrings are more elegant than mine.(palabra larga)-(not) as….. asThese shoes are as comfortable as flip-flops.My platform shoes are not as high as my high heels(negativa)-Superlative:This is the nicest neckace in the shop.These are the most expensive sunglasses.(palabra larga)
  13. 13. FUTUREWill future:Form: Auxiliary verb  will.Main verb infinitive.-Affirmative: subject + will+ verb infinitive + C.Example: She will come tomorrow.-Negative: subject + won´t + verb infinitive + C.Example: She won´t come tomorrow.-Interrogative:(wh-) will + subject + verb infinitive + C?Example: Will she come tomorrow?
  14. 14. FUTUREADVERBS:-Tomorrow morning Next  yearafternoom monthevening weeknight sundaySoon  in the future In  a yerartwo weeks3 months
  15. 15. GOING TO FUTURESe utiliza para planes.Form: Auxiliary verbs  -am, is, are- Main verb inf going to-Affirmative: subject + am,is,are + going to + verb infinitive + C.Example: They are going to write an e-mail.-Negative: subject+ am not,isn´t,aren´t + going to + verb inf. + C.Example: They aren´t going to write an e-mail.-Interrogative: Am,is,are + subject + going to + verb inf. + C?Example: Are you going to study for exam?
  16. 16. MODAL VERBS Auxiliary verbs Verbo ( infinitivo sin too) No tienen tiempos verbales Refer to present , past , future Función de lengua ( Habilidad , permiso, posibilidad..)Abilidy can / can´t  presentcould / couldn´t  pastAdvice (para dar consejo)  should/ shouldn´tObligation  Must  obligación interna / musn´t prohibición.Have to obligación externa.( she, it , he ) has to.

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