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  • Polyflow

    1. 2. Interests <ul><li>Polymer Primer </li></ul><ul><li>About Polyflow </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Industry Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>PetroChemical Industry Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>State Government Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental/Polymer Product User </li></ul><ul><li>Investor Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Polyflow in the News </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Us </li></ul>
    2. 3. Polymer Primer - Polymers are chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (monomers), used in the making of plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber. <ul><li>Polymers are created from monomers </li></ul><ul><li>Monomers are created from crude oil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8% of all crude oil is used to manufacture polymers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monomers are light hydrocarbons also known as “ aromatics ” </li></ul>Rubber Vulcanization First artificial plastic - “Bakelite” Staudinger’s classic Polymerization Polystyrene Nylon History 1839 1909 1911 1920 1930 1938 1941 1970 1976 Polyethylene Ekonol Rayon- first synthetic fiber Plastic outpaces steel, aluminum, and copper Crude Oil Polymers Monomers
    3. 4. Polymer Primer - Why are polymers so important to each of us? <ul><li>Quality of Life - Plastics/Polymers are necessary </li></ul><ul><li>and are everywhere! </li></ul><ul><li>Our Health </li></ul><ul><li>Our Product Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Our Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Our Pocketbook </li></ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul>
    4. 5. <ul><li>Last virtually forever </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 500 million tons are buried in our landfills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 3.5 million tons are floating in our oceans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 31 million new tons are generated each year, just in the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disposal is a real problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landfills are decreasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>30% of the volume is polymer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burning creates toxins (dioxin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling is difficult, expensive and incomplete </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Production is dependent upon fluctuating supply/prices of foreign crude oil </li></ul><ul><li>To date, poor economics and limited technology have not provided a viable solution </li></ul>Polymer Downsides - it isn’t always easy being green
    5. 6. About Polyflow <ul><li>Who is Polyflow? </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Business Model </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul>
    6. 7. Who is Polyflow? <ul><li>Gathering of people, linking business and science to address this common and critical issue. Experience includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientists/Chemists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petrochemical Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An Akron, Ohio based company that has patented a revolutionary process that cracks mixed polymer waste, returning it back to its original building blocks </li></ul>
    7. 8. Who is Polyflow? <ul><li>The Polyflow technology leverages Akron’s strengths in polymers and advanced materials </li></ul><ul><li>Polyflow is delivering and licensing this process along with a profitable business model that will allow the licensed operators to establish a business that is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Profitable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses the landfill problem with a sophisticated solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We bring a technically , economically , and environmentally viable solution to the problem of polymer waste </li></ul>
    8. 9. What do we do? <ul><li>We have patented a revolutionary process that turns mixed polymer waste , back into original monomer building blocks </li></ul><ul><li>This is accomplished by “ cracking ” the polymer back into its original monomer components </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking is not a new process, what is new is our successful methodology that uses mixed polymer waste to produce valuable aromatics in an environmentally responsible manner </li></ul>Sustainability Polyflow Process Monomers Crude Oil Polymers Monomers Plastic
    9. 10. Polyflow History <ul><li>Process and equipment for producing chemicals through the reclamation of polymer waste invented by Polyflow </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment patent issued on March 18, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Currently there is a 1/2 ton “proof-of-concept” processor operating in Akron in 1,000 lb. batches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekly demonstrations since February 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed polymer waste, representative of typical landfill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent, documented lab results from each run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 30 runs YTD, with consistent aromatics production </li></ul></ul>Brief History
    10. 11. Business Model <ul><li>Business Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Market Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landfill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polymer User </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petroleum Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Projected Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Business Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Numbers </li></ul>
    11. 12. Business Plan <ul><li>Prove the Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Build a development Center in Akron, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Use the existing 1/2 ton reactor to demonstrate the system's ability to “crack” polymers </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the production of high quality aromatics ( styrene , ethyl benzene , toluene , and xylene, among others) </li></ul><ul><li>The major technology hurdles have been met </li></ul><ul><li>Prove Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Build production sized Polyflow processor </li></ul><ul><li>Build pilot plant to shred polymer scrap (500,000 pounds) throughout the month </li></ul><ul><li>Run the Polyflow processor continuous for 24 hours, once each month </li></ul><ul><li>Build Production Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Shredding of Polymer waste </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Polyflow Processor (same size as pilot plant) </li></ul><ul><li>Onsite refining of liquid into raw monomers. (optional) </li></ul>
    12. 13. Market Analysis - Landfill <ul><li>Landfills are universally accepted as a challenge that must be addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 5.4% of all polymer waste is recycled, leaving over 94% to end up in landfills; over 30% of landfill volume is polymer </li></ul><ul><li>Polyflow’s process disposes of material from landfills, without sorting, and recovers these valuable chemicals for future use </li></ul>
    13. 14. Market Analysis - Landfill
    14. 15. Market Analysis - Polymer Production <ul><li>Polymers are one of the primary building components in the items we use on a day-to-day basis </li></ul><ul><li>To create new items we use on a day-to-day basis requires aromatic and specialty aliphatic chemical feedstock for engineering polymers </li></ul>
    15. 16. Market Analysis - Crude Oil <ul><li>Oil dependence, coupled with strong upward price pressures due to supply concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remaining reserves increasingly located in Middle East </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil production growth potential in doubt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation and shipping risks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy demand in China and India expected to continue to increase </li></ul><ul><li>Recent energy crunches and price spikes highlight need for improved energy security and reduced dependence on foreign oil </li></ul>
    16. 17. Market Analysis - Crude Oil
    17. 18. Market Analysis - Environmental <ul><li>Global Warming is increasingly a topic of concern as evidenced by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UN report on Global Warming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern states join in greenhouse gas reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major companies off-set their CO 2 emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ohio advocates alternative energy initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The only solution to diminishing landfill capacity is incineration, which generates additional greenhouse gases </li></ul><ul><li>The Polyflow process is the first viable alternative energy technology that also deals with the polymer waste problem </li></ul>
    18. 19. Polyflow’s Equation for Success + ( + + ) The number of landfills is decreasing The amount of Polymer waste is increasing The price of energy is rising The focus on the environment is increasing The result: An equation for Polyflow’s Success! =
    19. 20. Projected Growth <ul><li>A U.S. patent for equipment has been issued </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. process patent is pending </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By December 2009 a full-size pilot plant will be in operation </li></ul><ul><li>By August 2010 Polyflow Corporation will be able to license the national development of plants based on the Polyflow technology </li></ul>
    20. 21. Business Methodology <ul><li>Polyflow has the flexibility needed for establishing relationships with interested investors in the Polyflow plants via: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology licenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-ownership of plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local ownership and investment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plant operates in cooperation with local municipal authorities, fostering a cooperative relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Our focus is to grow responsibly and quickly while ensuring all parties receive a benefit </li></ul>
    21. 22. Process Yields - Representative Numbers Mixed Polymer Waste Stream 70% Valuable Aromatics 30% High Octane Fuel These are burned to continue fueling the process 70% PyGas 20% Char 10% Off Gas
    22. 23. Akron Location <ul><li>World renowned location for polymer R & D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>400 polymer related companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once known as the “Rubber Capital of the World” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The University of Akron is a leader in the polymer industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse, knowledgeable workforce to draw from </li></ul></ul>The University of Akron, Goodyear Polymer Center
    23. 24. Discussion of Chemistry <ul><li>Most recycling depends upon the ability to sort and clean material, and the vast majority will not degrade in landfills </li></ul><ul><li>The Polyflow process uses a mixed stream of material, eliminating the need for sorting </li></ul><ul><li>The material is shredded and fed into a processor (reactor) that is heated to a temperature below the melting point of aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>As the material is consumed the pyrolitic cracking process produces valuable aromatic chemicals, off gas, and char, which fuels the processor going forward </li></ul>
    24. 25. Sustainability <ul><li>Sustainability is defined as a process that can be maintained indefinitely. Environmentally it refers to the potential longevity of vital human ecological support systems, such as agriculture, industry, forestry and the systems on which they depend. The preference is for systems to be productive indefinitely, or be sustainable. </li></ul>
    25. 26. Sustainability in the Polyflow World <ul><li>The Polyflow process is sustainable in that once initiated, it generates 90% of the energy needed to perpetuate the process </li></ul><ul><li>The process requires two elements, raw material, of which there is a virtually unlimited supply in landfills, and heat </li></ul><ul><li>The byproducts of the Polyflow technology are a light gas and char that can be burned to drive the process </li></ul>
    26. 27. Recycling <ul><li>Recycling processes used materials into new products </li></ul><ul><li>It prevents the waste of useful materials, reduces new material consumption, and reduces energy usage, air, and water pollution, and lowers greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling is a key component in modern waste management; materials that can be recycled include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>glass, paper, metal, textiles, electronics and plastics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These materials are sorted, cleaned and reprocessed into new products bound for manufacturing, which is a labor intensive operation with a yield as low as 5.4% </li></ul>
    27. 28. Recycling in the Polyflow World <ul><li>The Polyflow process uses a contaminated (dirt, paper, adhesives, inks, etc.) stream of material that doesn’t require separation, thus eliminating inefficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>The Polyflow process produces 90% of the energy needed to sustain the operation as well as a significant amount of valuable aromatic chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>The Polyflow process is superior because it: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effectively addresses the landfill problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a profitable business model that converts material to usable product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatly reduces greenhouse emissions compared to burning plastics </li></ul></ul>
    28. 29. Overall Benefits <ul><li>Environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Increases recycling rates </li></ul><ul><li>Produces high-value virgin chemical feedstocks </li></ul><ul><li>Create revenue from what was previously a liability </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficient (almost self sustaining) </li></ul><ul><li>High conversion rate </li></ul><ul><li>No significant technical hurdles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shredding polymer (proven) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyflow chemistry (proven) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refining (proven) </li></ul></ul>
    29. 30. Industry Specific Benefits <ul><li>Waste Industry Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>PetroChemical Industry Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>State Government Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental/Polymer Product User </li></ul><ul><li>Investor Benefits </li></ul>
    30. 31. Waste Industry Benefits <ul><li>Provides an alternative to acquiring increasingly scarce land for landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Allows the reclamation of current landfills as material is drawn from and processed in a Polyflow reactor </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a secondary revenue stream as aromatics generated by the Polyflow process are sold </li></ul><ul><li>Provides an avenue for expanding a basic business into a more sophisticated, multifaceted business model </li></ul>
    31. 32. PetroChemical Industry Benefits <ul><li>Virtually unlimited supply of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Styrene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limonene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gasoline blendstock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other hydrocarbons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aromatics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence from crude oil and its associated pricing and availability </li></ul><ul><li>An emerging niche market </li></ul>
    32. 33. State Government Benefits <ul><li>Provides local waste management districts with an alternative to landfills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creates a potential revenue stream where there once was a liability </li></ul><ul><li>Creates new jobs without sacrificing jobs in other sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expands tax base </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provides a way to keep polymer jobs in the United States </li></ul>
    33. 34. Environmental/Polymer Product User <ul><li>Provides a common ground for a previously adversarial relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentalists will find few concerns in a virtually self-sustainable, non-polluting solution to landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Polymer Product Users now have a virtually unlimited supply of material to drive profitable business models </li></ul><ul><li>Polymer Product Users can show a responsible end of life solution for their products and packaging </li></ul>
    34. 35. Investor Benefits <ul><li>Virtually unlimited source of material </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually unlimited requirement for product </li></ul><ul><li>High profit potential equates to significant return on investment </li></ul><ul><li>Niche market = alternative energy and sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a win-win solution </li></ul>
    35. 36. Conclusion <ul><li>No downside to this technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce high-value raw material for polymers and stabilize the costs associated with this material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the cost of waste disposal efforts at the municipal level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce greenhouse gases by 70% when compared with incineration or other waste to energy solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce dependence on foreign oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create jobs in an entirely new economic environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For more information contact Jay Schabel , Polyflow COO or Joe Hensel , Polyflow CEO or call 330-253-5912 </li></ul>
    36. 37. Polyflow in the News <ul><li>Polyflow in the Plain Dealer (PDF) </li></ul><ul><li>Polyflow Receives Cleantech Award (PDF) </li></ul><ul><li>GreenBiz : Polyflow takes the Prize (PDF) </li></ul><ul><li>Click the image to watch </li></ul><ul><li>a movie showing the Polyflow process </li></ul>
    37. 38. Polymer Terminology <ul><li>Polymer - chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (monomers), used in the making of plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrolysis - the decomposition of complex matter into simpler molecules by heating in the absence of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>PyGas - Pyrolysis Gaoline. The liquid condensed product of the pyrolysis process on polymer waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatics - Aromatics, derived from crude oil, are hydrocarbons. The main aromatics, benzene, toluene and the xylenes, are the starting materials for a wide range of consumer products. </li></ul><ul><li>Cracking - Cracking is the process that takes large hydrocarbons and breaks them into smaller ones </li></ul><ul><li>Styrene - Styrene is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is the precursor to polystyrene, an important synthetic material.It is used for synthetic rubber, plastic, insulation, fiberglass, pipes, automobile parts, food containers, and carpet backing. </li></ul><ul><li>Benzene - Benzene, an aromatic hydrocarbon, is an important industrial solvent and used in the production of drugs, plastics, synthetic rubber, and dyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethylbenzene - Ethylbenzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon used in the production of styrene, as well as polystyrene, a commonly used plastic and in some paints. </li></ul><ul><li>Limonene - Limonene is a hydrocarbon used in food manufacturing and some medicines. It is also added to cleaning products, used as a solvent for the removal of oil from machine parts, and as a paint stripper when applied to painted wood. </li></ul><ul><li>Toluene - Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. </li></ul><ul><li>Cumene - Cumene is an aromatic hydrocarbon. Nearly all the cumene that is produced is converted to cumene hydroperoxide, an intermediate in the synthesis of other industrially important chemicals such as phenol and acetone. </li></ul><ul><li>Octane - A rating scale used to grade gasoline as to its antiknock properties. Also an isometric liquid paraffin hydrocarbons. Normal octane is a colorless liquid found in petroleum boiling at 124.6 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>Use these links to navigate back to the presentation.