1 91 4-1 91     8:Th e World  at War  By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer   Horace Greeley H. S.      Chappaqua, NY
Differing Viewpoints “Family Feud” “Fall of the Eagles” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the  World Safe fo...
C au s e s of th e  War
1. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente:     Triple Alliance:
Two Armed Camps!Allied Powers:     Central Powers:
The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers:                     Central Powers:Nicholas II   [Rus]                          ...
Europe in 1914
2. Militarism & Arms RaceTotal Defense Expenditures for the GreatPowers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.]            in mil...
3. Economic & Imperial Rivalries
4. Aggressive Nationalism
Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914                        The                   “Powder Keg”                     of Europe
Th e“ S p ark
Archduke Franz Ferdinand &        His Family
The Assassination: Sarajevo
The Assassin:                Gavrilo                Princip
Who’s To Blame?
The Schlieffen Plan
German Atrocities in Belgium
Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major war  in 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary,     Its a long way ...
Recruitment Posters
A Young Australian Recruit
Recruits of the    Central Powers             A German Soldier             Says Farewell to                His Mother Aust...
New French Recruits
A German Boy Pretends to Be a           Soldier
Soldiers Mobilized           14           12           10Millions            8            6            4            2     ...
Wom e nand th e  War E ffort
Financing the War
For Recruitment
Munitions Workers
French Women Factory      Workers
German Women Factory Workers
Working in the Fields
A Woman Ambulance Driver
Red Cross Nurses
Women in the Army Auxiliary
Russian Women Soldiers
SpiesÌ “Mata Hari”Ì Real Name:   Margareetha   Geertruide   ZelleÌ German Spy!
Pos te rs : Wartim eP rop agand      a
Australian Poster
American Poster
Financing the War
German Poster Think of Your Children!
Th e We s te rn    Front: A “ War of  Attrition ”
A Multi-Front War
The Western Front
Trench Warfare
Trench Warfare        “No Man’s          Land”
Verdun – February, 1916  y German offensive.  . Each side had 500,000 casualties.
The Somme – July, 1916, 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.o Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
War Is H E L L      !!
Sacrifices in War
Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun
Th eE as te rn Front
The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
T. E. Lawrence& the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18
T. E. Lawrence & PrinceFaisal at Versailles, 1918-19
The Tsar with General Brusilov
Th e“ C olonial     ”  Fronts
Sikh British Soldiers in India
Fighting in Africa                    Black Soldiers in the                   German Schutztruppen                     [Ge...
Fighting in Africa3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
Fighting in Salonika, Greece  French colonial marine infantry from         Cochin, China - 1916
Am e ric   a Joins  th e
The Sinkingof the Lusitania
The Zimmerman Telegram
The YanksAre Coming!
Americans in the Trenches
Th e War of     th e Ind u s trialR e volu tion:     New Te ch nology
French Renault Tank
British Tank at Ypres
U-Boats
Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
The Airplane“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
The Flying Aces of World War I     Eddie         Francesco        Eddie “Mick”Rickenbacher, US   Barraco, It.     Mannoch,...
Curtis-MartinU. S. Aircraft Plant
Looking for the “Red Baron?”
The Zeppelin
Flame            Throwers GrenadeLaunchers
Poison GasMachine Gun
“ Art”  ofWorld War I
“A Street in Arras”John Singer Sargent, 1918
“Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917
“Those Who Have Lost Their Names”      Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914
“Gassed and Wounded”Eric Kennington, 1918
“Paths of Glory”C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
German Cartoon:“Fit for active service!”, 1918
1918 Flu Pandemic:     Depletes All Armies  50,000,000 –100,000,000 died
11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!
9,000,000 Dead
The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died
World War I Casualties10,000,000 9,000,000       Russia 8,000,000       Germany 7,000,000       Austria-Hungary 6,000,000 ...
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians  A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians Districts & Vilayets of Western                                          1914          ...
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Ww1

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Ww1

  1. 1. 1 91 4-1 91 8:Th e World at War By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Differing Viewpoints “Family Feud” “Fall of the Eagles” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”
  3. 3. C au s e s of th e War
  4. 4. 1. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente: Triple Alliance:
  5. 5. Two Armed Camps!Allied Powers: Central Powers:
  6. 6. The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers: Central Powers:Nicholas II [Rus] Wilhelm II [Ger] George V [Br] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Enver Pasha [Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Franz Josef [A-H]
  7. 7. Europe in 1914
  8. 8. 2. Militarism & Arms RaceTotal Defense Expenditures for the GreatPowers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 94 130 154 268 289 398 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France 10% Britain 13% Russia 39% Germany 73%
  9. 9. 3. Economic & Imperial Rivalries
  10. 10. 4. Aggressive Nationalism
  11. 11. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The “Powder Keg” of Europe
  12. 12. Th e“ S p ark
  13. 13. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family
  14. 14. The Assassination: Sarajevo
  15. 15. The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip
  16. 16. Who’s To Blame?
  17. 17. The Schlieffen Plan
  18. 18. German Atrocities in Belgium
  19. 19. Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major war in 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary, Its a long way to go; Its a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Its a long, long way to Tipperary, But my hearts right there!
  20. 20. Recruitment Posters
  21. 21. A Young Australian Recruit
  22. 22. Recruits of the Central Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother Austro-Hungarians
  23. 23. New French Recruits
  24. 24. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
  25. 25. Soldiers Mobilized 14 12 10Millions 8 6 4 2 0 France Germany Russia Britain
  26. 26. Wom e nand th e War E ffort
  27. 27. Financing the War
  28. 28. For Recruitment
  29. 29. Munitions Workers
  30. 30. French Women Factory Workers
  31. 31. German Women Factory Workers
  32. 32. Working in the Fields
  33. 33. A Woman Ambulance Driver
  34. 34. Red Cross Nurses
  35. 35. Women in the Army Auxiliary
  36. 36. Russian Women Soldiers
  37. 37. SpiesÌ “Mata Hari”Ì Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide ZelleÌ German Spy!
  38. 38. Pos te rs : Wartim eP rop agand a
  39. 39. Australian Poster
  40. 40. American Poster
  41. 41. Financing the War
  42. 42. German Poster Think of Your Children!
  43. 43. Th e We s te rn Front: A “ War of Attrition ”
  44. 44. A Multi-Front War
  45. 45. The Western Front
  46. 46. Trench Warfare
  47. 47. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”
  48. 48. Verdun – February, 1916 y German offensive. . Each side had 500,000 casualties.
  49. 49. The Somme – July, 1916, 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.o Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
  50. 50. War Is H E L L !!
  51. 51. Sacrifices in War
  52. 52. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun
  53. 53. Th eE as te rn Front
  54. 54. The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
  55. 55. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
  56. 56. T. E. Lawrence& the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18
  57. 57. T. E. Lawrence & PrinceFaisal at Versailles, 1918-19
  58. 58. The Tsar with General Brusilov
  59. 59. Th e“ C olonial ” Fronts
  60. 60. Sikh British Soldiers in India
  61. 61. Fighting in Africa Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen [German E. Africa] British SikhMountain Gunners
  62. 62. Fighting in Africa3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
  63. 63. Fighting in Salonika, Greece French colonial marine infantry from Cochin, China - 1916
  64. 64. Am e ric a Joins th e
  65. 65. The Sinkingof the Lusitania
  66. 66. The Zimmerman Telegram
  67. 67. The YanksAre Coming!
  68. 68. Americans in the Trenches
  69. 69. Th e War of th e Ind u s trialR e volu tion: New Te ch nology
  70. 70. French Renault Tank
  71. 71. British Tank at Ypres
  72. 72. U-Boats
  73. 73. Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
  74. 74. The Airplane“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
  75. 75. The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Francesco Eddie “Mick”Rickenbacher, US Barraco, It. Mannoch, Br. Rene Pauk Manfred vonWilly Coppens de Fonck, Fr. Richtoffen, Ger. Holthust, Belg. [The “Red Baron”]
  76. 76. Curtis-MartinU. S. Aircraft Plant
  77. 77. Looking for the “Red Baron?”
  78. 78. The Zeppelin
  79. 79. Flame Throwers GrenadeLaunchers
  80. 80. Poison GasMachine Gun
  81. 81. “ Art” ofWorld War I
  82. 82. “A Street in Arras”John Singer Sargent, 1918
  83. 83. “Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917
  84. 84. “Those Who Have Lost Their Names” Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914
  85. 85. “Gassed and Wounded”Eric Kennington, 1918
  86. 86. “Paths of Glory”C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
  87. 87. German Cartoon:“Fit for active service!”, 1918
  88. 88. 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 –100,000,000 died
  89. 89. 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!
  90. 90. 9,000,000 Dead
  91. 91. The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died
  92. 92. World War I Casualties10,000,000 9,000,000 Russia 8,000,000 Germany 7,000,000 Austria-Hungary 6,000,000 France 5,000,000 4,000,000 Great Britain 3,000,000 Italy 2,000,000 Turkey 1,000,000 US 0
  93. 93. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
  94. 94. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians Districts & Vilayets of Western 1914 1922 Armenia in Turkey Erzerum 215,000 1,500 Van 197,000 500 Kharbert 204,000 35,000 Diarbekir 124,000 3,000 Bitlis 220,000 56,000 Sivas 225,000 16,800       Other Armenian-populated Sites     in Turkey Western Anatolia 371,800 27,000 Cilicia and Northern Syria 309,000 70,000 European Turkey 194,000 163,000 Trapizond District 73,390 15,000 Total 2,133,190 387,800

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