The Western Front
Trench Warfare
New weapons in the War•   Machine Guns•   Barbed wire•   Poison gas•   Tanks•   Submarines•   airplanes
Trench Warfare        “No Man’s          Land”
Verdun – February, 1916  y German offensive.  . Each side had 500,000 casualties.
The Somme – July, 1916, 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.o Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
War Is H E L L      !!
Sacrifices in War
Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun
Th eE as te rn F ront
The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
T. E. Lawrence& the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18
T. E. Lawrence & PrinceFaisal at Versailles, 1918-19
The Tsar with General Brusilov
Autocratic Russia• Romanov’s ruled for over 300 years in  Russia• When Alexander II was assassinated  in 1881, Alexander I...
Earlier 1905 Revolution in               Russia• Many in Russia wanted at least a Constitutional  monarchy-Czars said NO• ...
Th e“ C olonial     ”  F ronts
Sikh British Soldiers in India
Fighting in Africa                    Black Soldiers in the                   German Schutztruppen                     [Ge...
Fighting in Africa3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
Fighting in Salonika, Greece  French colonial marine infantry from         Cochin, China - 1916
Am e rica Joins  th e Allie s 1 91 7
The Sinkingof the Lusitania
The Zimmerman Telegram     January 1917
The YanksAre Coming!
Americans in the Trenches
Th e War of     th e Ind u s trialR e volu tion:     New Te ch nology
French Renault Tank
British Tank at Ypres
U-Boats
Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
The Airplane“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
The Flying Aces of World War I     Eddie         Francesco        Eddie “Mick”Rickenbacher, US   Barraco, It.     Mannoch,...
Curtis-MartinU. S. Aircraft Plant
Looking for the “Red Baron?”
The Zeppelin
Flame            Throwers GrenadeLaunchers
Poison GasMachine Gun
“ Art”  ofWorldWar I
“A Street in Arras”John Singer Sargent, 1918
“Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917
“Those Who Have Lost Their Names”      Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914
“Gassed and Wounded”Eric Kennington, 1918
“Paths of Glory”C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
German Cartoon:“Fit for active service!”, 1918
1918 Flu Pandemic:     Depletes All Armies  50,000,000 –100,000,000 died
11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!
9,000,000 Dead
The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died
World War I Casualties10,000,000 9,000,000       Russia 8,000,000       Germany 7,000,000       Austria-Hungary 6,000,000 ...
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians  A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians Districts & Vilayets of Western                                          1914          ...
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WW1 Part 2

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WW1 Part 2

  1. 1. The Western Front
  2. 2. Trench Warfare
  3. 3. New weapons in the War• Machine Guns• Barbed wire• Poison gas• Tanks• Submarines• airplanes
  4. 4. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”
  5. 5. Verdun – February, 1916 y German offensive. . Each side had 500,000 casualties.
  6. 6. The Somme – July, 1916, 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.o Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
  7. 7. War Is H E L L !!
  8. 8. Sacrifices in War
  9. 9. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun
  10. 10. Th eE as te rn F ront
  11. 11. The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
  12. 12. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
  13. 13. T. E. Lawrence& the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18
  14. 14. T. E. Lawrence & PrinceFaisal at Versailles, 1918-19
  15. 15. The Tsar with General Brusilov
  16. 16. Autocratic Russia• Romanov’s ruled for over 300 years in Russia• When Alexander II was assassinated in 1881, Alexander III takes over.• Alexander II, III, and Nicholas II all were autocrats who pushed conservatism and Russification & anti- semitism.• Did not accept liberal change and hated Marxism. Saw it as direct threat to their power. A2,A3,N2
  17. 17. Earlier 1905 Revolution in Russia• Many in Russia wanted at least a Constitutional monarchy-Czars said NO• 1903, Social democrats split into 2 groups- – Mensheviks-gradual change – Bolsheviks-communist takeover-Vladimir Lenin• 1905- Russian losses in Russo-Jap war showed weakness of Monarchy• “Bloody Sunday” Tsar’s soldiers fired upon strikers and massacred most.• Nicholas II reluctantly agrees to Duma, but refuses to work with them in govt.• This leaves Russia in a very unstable and pre- revolutionary mindset.
  18. 18. Th e“ C olonial ” F ronts
  19. 19. Sikh British Soldiers in India
  20. 20. Fighting in Africa Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen [German E. Africa] British SikhMountain Gunners
  21. 21. Fighting in Africa3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
  22. 22. Fighting in Salonika, Greece French colonial marine infantry from Cochin, China - 1916
  23. 23. Am e rica Joins th e Allie s 1 91 7
  24. 24. The Sinkingof the Lusitania
  25. 25. The Zimmerman Telegram January 1917
  26. 26. The YanksAre Coming!
  27. 27. Americans in the Trenches
  28. 28. Th e War of th e Ind u s trialR e volu tion: New Te ch nology
  29. 29. French Renault Tank
  30. 30. British Tank at Ypres
  31. 31. U-Boats
  32. 32. Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
  33. 33. The Airplane“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
  34. 34. The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Francesco Eddie “Mick”Rickenbacher, US Barraco, It. Mannoch, Br. Rene Pauk Manfred vonWilly Coppens de Fonck, Fr. Richtoffen, Ger. Holthust, Belg. [The “Red Baron”]
  35. 35. Curtis-MartinU. S. Aircraft Plant
  36. 36. Looking for the “Red Baron?”
  37. 37. The Zeppelin
  38. 38. Flame Throwers GrenadeLaunchers
  39. 39. Poison GasMachine Gun
  40. 40. “ Art” ofWorldWar I
  41. 41. “A Street in Arras”John Singer Sargent, 1918
  42. 42. “Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917
  43. 43. “Those Who Have Lost Their Names” Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914
  44. 44. “Gassed and Wounded”Eric Kennington, 1918
  45. 45. “Paths of Glory”C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
  46. 46. German Cartoon:“Fit for active service!”, 1918
  47. 47. 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 –100,000,000 died
  48. 48. 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!
  49. 49. 9,000,000 Dead
  50. 50. The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died
  51. 51. World War I Casualties10,000,000 9,000,000 Russia 8,000,000 Germany 7,000,000 Austria-Hungary 6,000,000 France 5,000,000 4,000,000 Great Britain 3,000,000 Italy 2,000,000 Turkey 1,000,000 US 0
  52. 52. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
  53. 53. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians Districts & Vilayets of Western 1914 1922 Armenia in Turkey Erzerum 215,000 1,500 Van 197,000 500 Kharbert 204,000 35,000 Diarbekir 124,000 3,000 Bitlis 220,000 56,000 Sivas 225,000 16,800       Other Armenian-populated Sites     in Turkey Western Anatolia 371,800 27,000 Cilicia and Northern Syria 309,000 70,000 European Turkey 194,000 163,000 Trapizond District 73,390 15,000 Total 2,133,190 387,800

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