Research literature review


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Research literature review

  1. 1. How to Prepare Papers for International Journal Publication<br />Jian Qin<br />Syracuse University<br />Harbin, China, 2010-7-22 <br />
  2. 2. Research papers that involve:<br />Data collection and analysis<br />Experiment (prototype systems, algorithm testing, usability testing)<br />Theory construction<br />Literature review<br />Types of papers<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  3. 3. Structure of a research paper<br />What is the research problem?<br />Why is it important to study?<br />Introduction<br />What has been done by previous studies?<br />What is the unique innovation of your study? <br />Literature review<br />Methodology<br />Hypotheses<br />Data <br /> Design of questionnaire<br /> Sampling method<br />Methods of analysis<br />Findings<br />General description of findings<br />Specific descriptions by research question<br />Discussion<br />Conclusion <br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  4. 4. Why literature review?<br />Helps to contextualize, or frame, your research<br />Gives readers the necessary background to understand your research<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  5. 5. More detailed purposes from Hart (1998)<br />Distinguishing what has been done from what needs to be done; <br />Discovering important variables relevant to the topic; <br />Synthesizing and gaining a new perspective; <br />Identifying relationships between ideas and practice; <br />Establishing the context of the topic or problem; <br />Rationalizing the significance of the problem; <br />Enhancing and acquiring the subject vocabulary; <br />Understanding the structure of the subject; <br />Relating ideas and theory to applications; <br />Identifying methodologies and techniques that have been used; <br />Placing the research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments. <br />Hart C (1998) Doing a literature review. London: S age.<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  6. 6. The effective evaluation of selected documents on a research topic. <br />In the context of a research paper or thesis the literature review is a critical synthesis of previous research. <br />The evaluation of the literature leads logically to the research question.<br />What is a Literature Review?<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  7. 7. Is a synthesis of available research<br />Is a critical evaluation<br />Has appropriate breadth and depth<br />Has clarity and conciseness<br />Uses rigorous and consistent methods<br />A “good” literature review<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  8. 8. Pay attention to areas of similarities and/or differences in:<br />Research aim(s) or hypotheses <br />Research design and sampling <br />Instruments and procedures used <br />How data were analyzed <br />Results or findings <br />Interpretations <br />Key points for a review <br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  9. 9. An introduction<br />Scale and structure of your review<br />A body<br />Depends on how you organize your key points<br />Should be evaluative, rather than merely descriptive<br />A conclusion<br />Summary of main findings<br />Related to your research questions<br />A literature review should contain<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  10. 10. Phases in literature review<br />Listpon, K. (2006). Literature Review Methods: point of departure.<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  11. 11. Detailed description of methodology is the baseline for demonstrating the validity and reliability of your research<br />Hypotheses:<br />What are the assumptions for your hypotheses?<br />What is the rationale for your hypotheses?<br />Methodology (1)<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  12. 12. Data<br />Which type does your research fall into:<br />a questionnaire survey?<br />an experiment with human subjects?<br />an experiment for a system evaluation?<br />an experiment for testing an interface or algorithm? <br />an analysis of data collected from some sources?<br />Methodology (2)<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />
  13. 13. Sampling<br />How did you choose the sample?<br />Why did you choose the sample?<br />Are there any previous similar studies that provided some empirical data on sample size, return rate, etc.?<br />How representative is the sample?<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />Methodology (3)<br />
  14. 14. Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />Peer Review<br />Criteria<br />Review comments<br />Response<br />
  15. 15. Does the manuscript make a new contribution to the literature?<br />Is the method used appropriate to the subject?<br />Does the evidence presented support the hypothesis?<br />Does the author communicate clearly with an educated, yet not necessarily specialized, audience?<br />Does the literature review place the research or opinions in perspective?<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />Example criteria of review: ACRL<br />
  16. 16. Clarity and uniqueness of research idea<br />Literature review: relevance, coherence, completeness<br />Methodology<br />Analysis and interpretation<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />Areas of review comments<br />
  17. 17. Professional<br />Courtesy<br />Each question has a response<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />Response to reviewers’ comments<br />
  18. 18. Research paper preparation takes long time from brewing the idea to conducting it and finalize it into a publishable product<br />Patience and persistence<br />Honesty <br />Pay attention to details: format, references, spellings, etc. <br />Focus on coherence, supporting evidence, and logic<br />Understand language differences (which affects sentence structures and idea expressions)<br />Preparing research papers -- Harbin, 2010<br />Summary <br />