Osama almhmade

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Osama almhmade

  1. 1. Unemployment in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries Osama Zeid Almhmade Student ID: 395286
  2. 2. Source : Wikimedia • The Gulf Cooperation Council [GCC] was established on 25 May 1981 between: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE. • The GCC is established in view of the special relations between them. • The geographic proximity of these countries is the factor that encouraged them to establish the GCC. • The GCC’s (GDP) around $ 1,059.9 Billion. (1) • The labor market in the GCC countries share common features such as reliance on foreign labor. • The expatriate labor force in GCC are varied in proportion. Total Area: 3 million km² Population: 34,813 Million Person Introduction
  3. 3. • The Definition: there are three international definition of unemployment (2) : 1. Without work 2. Currently available for work 3. Seeking work Unemployment
  4. 4. • The main causes of unemployment in GCC countries enrol under four main aspects : 1. economic situation 2. government and institutions regulations 3. education systems 4. social situation Unemployment in GCC In Arabic means unemployment unemployment rate in GCC hit 10.5% Source: unemployment report, www.TalentRepublic.net
  5. 5. •Economic boom as a result of the gush of oil prices in the seventies led to the need for more employment . •Foreign employment problem. Unemployment in GCC Economic Situation •The competition between the foreign labor and the national labor.
  6. 6. No. Country Year Total population National Non- National Non National % 1 United Arab Emirates 2006 4,496,000 984,624 3,511,376 78.10 2 Kingdom of Bahrain 2006 742,561 459,012 283,549 38.18 3 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2006 23,678,849 17,261,880 6,416,969 27.10 4 Sultanate of Oman 2006 2,486,000 1,855,301 630,699 25.37 5 State of Qatar 2006 885,359 208,059 677,300 76.50 6 State of Kuwait 2006 2,525,000 990,135 1,534,865 60.78 Total 34,813,769 21,759,011 13,054,758 37.51 Source: Arab Labour Organisation Web site: http://www.alolabor.org/nArabLabor/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=15&id=85&Itemid=64 Total and percentage of population (national and non-national) in the Arab Gulf countries to the most recent year available Unemployment in GCC Economic Situation
  7. 7. Total of population (national and non-national) in the Arab Gulf countries Unemployment in GCC Economic Situation Source: Arab Labour Organisation Web site: http://www.alolabor.org/nArabLabor/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=15&id=85&Itemid=64 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 UAE Bahrain Saudi Arabia Oman Qatar Kuwait Total population National Non- National
  8. 8. Source: Arab Labour Organisation Web site: http://www.alolabor.org/nArabLabor/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=15&id=85&Itemid=64 The labour force and percentage of national and non-national Labour in the Arab Gulf countries to the most recent year available No. Country Y e a r Labour Force total National labour Non-national labour No. of national labour National Labour % No. of non- national labour Non- national labour % 1 United Arab Emirates 2005 3,315,000 577,000 17.74 2,738,000 82.26 2 Kingdom of Bahrain 2005 522,000 216,000 41.42 306,000 58.58 3 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2005 7,579,000 2,685,000 35.43 4,894,000 64.57 4 Sultanate of Oman 2005 914,000 309,000 33.87 605,000 66.13 5 State of Qatar 2005 555,714 240,680 43.31 315,034 56.69 6 State of Kuwait 2005 1,594,603 291,812 18.30 1,302,791 81.70 Total 14,480,317 4,319,492 29.73 10,160,825 70.27 Unemployment in GCC Economic Situation
  9. 9. 0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 UAE Bahrain Saudi Arabia Oman Qatar Kuwait Labor Force total No. of national labour No. of non- national labour The labour force of national and non-national Labour in the Arab Gulf countries Unemployment in GCC Economic Situation Source: Arab Labour Organisation Web site: http://www.alolabor.org/nArabLabor/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=15&id=85&Itemid=64
  10. 10. Unemployment in GCC Economic Situation • Oil dependence •Centralized economies •Overspending •Massive subsidizations Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates. Oil Dependency in GCC Countries (%)
  11. 11. Unemployment in GCC government and institutions regulations •Statistics for unemployment •Labor unions •There are no strong conditions imposed on the private sector •Private sector prefer foreign labor •The coordination between HEIs and other training institutions
  12. 12. Unemployment in GCC education systems •performance of schools •people with little formal qualification •fifty percent of the unemployed have no formal qualification
  13. 13. Unemployment in GCC social situation •socio-cultural background •Support poor people •People in rural areas
  14. 14. 1 Gulf Cooperation Council: http://www.gcc-sg.org/eng/index.php 2 The International Labour Organization (ILO): http://www.ilo.org/global/lang--en/index.htm Unemployment in GCC Resources

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