Takuya matsumoto


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Takuya matsumoto

  1. 1. The impact of the shopping centre on local economy Takuya Matsumoto 322178
  2. 2. Demand for shopping mall Leisure  The shorter work time increased leisure time (Gruen & Smith 1960).  Increased leisure time brought more shopping opportunity (The royal Town Planning Institute 1988).  The shopping centre has a high amenity standards, like shops, restaurants and theatres (Beddington 1991). Mobility  Improvement of mobility.  People are satisfied with mobility, compared with 50years ago (Test1989).  Shopping centres have large car parks. Customers can do shopping Efficiently in shopping malls.
  3. 3. Benefits of the shopping centre  Stimulate local economy and community Accelerate population growth (Gren & Smith 1960). Construction of the shopping mall includes comprehensive urban development (Golledge 1979).  Create large number of job opportunity. 3000m² sale floor need about 200 staff (Beddington 1982)  Improve service and quality of items with low price. The shopping centre bring competition to retail industry (Gruen & Smith 1960).
  4. 4. Demerits of the shopping mall  Benefits are not continued for long term because of change of demography and surroundings (Smiley et al. 2002).  Shopping mall threaten the local market because of its huge power. Local small retails are suffered because of pressure of power of the large mall, namely intensive price war (The Royal Town Planning Institute 1988).  Public service and tax revenue are declined, as people move to other town and tax revenue is declined (Basker 2007)
  5. 5. Employment of the shopping mall  Workers of the new shopping mall < loss of employee on local shops (Test 1989).  Not improve employees’ life standard. The majority of staff is semi skilled women with low income , few chance of promotion (Test 1989).
  6. 6. conclusion  Shopping centres provide shopping opportunity, various items by low price and leisure activities.  Improve local economy and society, however its effect is short term.  Local shops are victimised by entry of shopping mall.  Employees of the shopping centre are not given enough wages and welfare.  Economic benefits of the shopping centre is based on victims (local retailers, employees of the shopping mall)
  7. 7. References  Basker, E 2007, The Causes and Consequences of Wal-Mart's Growth,Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21(3), pp. 177-198.from the required readings of Planning the productive city semester 2 2010.  Beddington, N 1991, Shopping centres, Butterworth architecture, London.  Gruen,V & Smith, L 1960, Shopping towns USA, Reinhold publishing corporation, New York.   Golledge, RG 1979, Consultant’s report on retail centre policy Vol.1: principles, recommendation & problems, Town and country planning board, Santa Barbara,  Test 1989 Trouble in stores? Retail locational policy in Britain and Germany, Test, London.  The Royal Town Planning Institute 1988, ‘Planning for shopping into the 21st Century’,The Royal Town Planning Institute, London.  Wal-mart stores, Inc. [Image] 2010. Retrieved September 3 2010, http://www.walmart.com/