Week 5 - the Treaty of Versailles

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Week 5 - the Treaty of Versailles

  1. 1. Week 5 -The Treaty ofVersailles, 1919:The Peace to End all Peace(?)
  2. 2. Reading Quiz 4 – Treaty of Versailles 1. What international organization was established by the Treaty of Versailles? 2. Which 2 countries added to their empires by adding the “mandates”? 3. What were 2 territories taken from Germany? 4. Who or what was the official cause of World War I, according to the Treaty of Versailles? 5. What was 1 of the 14 Points not achieved by the Treaty of Versailles?
  3. 3. Our Big Question Today The year is 1919, and the Great War is over – “The War to End all Wars!” In 1919, how will the Europeans prevent another Great War?
  4. 4. Background There were in total 6 different problems facing the Big 3 at the Paris Peace Conference:  How to prevent Germany from attacking again  How to protect Europe from communist Russia  There were new governments in Germany/Austria  Japan and Italy wanted their rewards for fighting in the secret treaties  Czechoslovakia, Poland and Yugoslovia were new countries that needed help to get established  The leaders of the victorious countries in WWI (Britain, France, and the US) did not agree with each other about the future
  5. 5. A. Why Versailles?
  6. 6. A. Why Versailles?1. Versailles (France) was in the middle of the 3 main European powers
  7. 7. A. Why Versailles? Versailles (France) was in the middle of the 3 main European powers
  8. 8. A. Why Versailles? Versailles (France) was in the middle of the 3 main European powers
  9. 9. A. Why Versailles?2. Germany signed an “armistice” (Time- out) in France (in this train*)
  10. 10. A. Why Versailles?2. Germany signed an “armistice” (Time- out) in France (in this train*)3. Versailles was where the treaty of the last war in Europe was signed (the Franco- Prussian War, 1871)
  11. 11. B. The Big 3Woodrow Wilson Georges Clemenceau David Lloyd(US) (France) George (UK)
  12. 12. B. How were the Big Three different? At the end of World War I (then called “the Great War”), Germany was going to be punished. The question was, how much? Who wanted to punish Germany the most? Who wanted to punish Germany the least?
  13. 13. B. How were the Big Three different?Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924)  US President (1912-1920)  Former teacher, Head of Princeton University  Presbyterian, very religious  Progressive Movement  First to suggest League of Nations, collective security  Nobel Peace Prize, 1919
  14. 14. B. How were the Big Three different?Lloyd George (1863-1945)  British Prime Minister (1916-1922)  Had tried to reduce military spending before WWI (Arms Race)  Promised to make Germans pay at the end of the War  Leader of Liberal Party, 1926-31
  15. 15. B. How were the Big Three different?Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929)  French Prime Minister (1906-1909, 1917-1920)  30 years old in Franco- Prussian War („71)  Wanted to weaken Germany forever, take back Alsace-Lorraine  Nicknamed “the Tiger”
  16. 16. A difference of opinions At the end of World War I (then called “the Great War”), Germany was going to be punished. The question was how much Who wanted to punish Germany the most? Who wanted to punish Germany the least?
  17. 17. A difference of opinionsA. “I think we should teach Germany a lesson. If we weaken Germany, she won‟t be able to attack again.”B. “I think we should forgive Germany and try to make the world a safer place. The most important thing is that we prevent another Great War from happening.”C. “I want Germany to pay for the damage she caused, but I don‟t want to make the Germans angry. If there is another Great War, I want my country to stay out of it.”
  18. 18. Lloyd George’s Big Concern…
  19. 19. Lloyd George’s Big Concern…1. Protecting British Empire2. Using Germany to protect Europe from Russia3. Not allowing France to dominate Europe
  20. 20. Clemenceau’s Big ConcernGeorges Clemenceau “Mark well what I am telling you. In six months, in a year, ten years, when they like, as they like, the Germans will invade us again. attacked. We are We were victorious. We represent right, and might is ours. This might must be used in the service of the right” (1919)
  21. 21. Clemenceau’s Big Concern Georges ClemenceauFranco-PrussianWar, 1871
  22. 22. C. Terms of the Treaty  Blame  Reparation  Army  Territory
  23. 23. C. Terms of the Treaty
  24. 24. C. Terms of the Treaty
  25. 25. D. Effects and Reactions Britain‟sgovernment gradually changed its opinion to Germany, and allowed Germany to escape some of the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles in the 1920s German people hated Britain and France for the treaty, and the German government that signed the treaty The United States decided to stay out of all problems related to the treaty, and became increasingly isolated in the 1920s-30s
  26. 26. A. Why Versailles? 1918 1940
  27. 27. 1940(World War II) Adolf Hitler Hitler forces France to surrender in 1940 in the same train that Germany had surrendered in at the end of World War I
  28. 28. When did Germany finallymake its final reparationpayment? 3 years ago

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