Were the peace treaties fair? Lesson 1

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Were the peace treaties fair? Lesson 1

  1. 1. THE VERSAILLES SETTLEMENTWERE THE PEACETREATIES FAIR?LESSON 1
  2. 2. BY THE END OF THIS LESSON, YOUSHOULD KNOW:LO:1.what a peace treaty is;2.the state of the major countries at the end of the FirstWorld War;3.three men who had the job of writing a peace treaty withGermany;4.What the overall mood was in 1919 and how it affectedthe producing of a peace treaty.Keywords:Peace Treaty, The Paris Peace Conference, The Treaty ofVersailles, Allies, Britain, France, USA, Germany, LloydGeorge, Clemenceau, Wilson, responsibility, damage,punishment, economies, industries, casualties
  3. 3. This is the frontpage of a treaty. A treaty is adocument which officially ends a war. It tells thedefeated powerhow they are to be punished.
  4. 4. An aerial photo of Ypres, Belgium
  5. 5. The French town of Cambrai, 1918
  6. 6. What would be the state of France at the end of the war?
  7. 7. What would be the state of Germany at the end of the war?
  8. 8. How did the British view the Germans at the end of the war?
  9. 9. Shows Germany as beatenbut still big and solid enough British andto be dangerous French police Devastation caused by war Shows what cartoonist thinks the Treaty terms should do to Germany Large and solid (prisoner won’t escape) Suggests cartoonist thinks Germany will try to worm out of responsibility for war
  10. 10. This is the palace of Versailles.It is just outside Paris.
  11. 11. In 1919, three men travelled to Paris to write a treaty toofficially end the war.
  12. 12. This is the Hall ofMirrors at the palaceof Versailles.In this room on 28thJune 1919, the FirstWorld War officiallycame to an end.But the treaty whichwas signed causedenormous problems.
  13. 13. This document is theTreaty of Versailles. It told the Germans how they were going to be punished for thedamage done in the war.
  14. 14. WHO WERE THE MEN WHO MADE THE TREATY?
  15. 15. Woodrow President of Wilson the USA
  16. 16. Woodrow President of Wilson the USA
  17. 17. Woodrow President of Wilson the USA
  18. 18. Prime Georges Minister ofClemenceau France
  19. 19. Prime Georges Minister ofClemenceau France
  20. 20. Prime Georges Minister ofClemenceau France
  21. 21. Prime David Minister ofLloyd-George Britain
  22. 22. Prime David Minister ofLloyd-George Britain
  23. 23. Prime David Minister ofLloyd-George Britain
  24. 24. THESE THREE MEN HAD VERY DIFFERENTIDEAS ABOUT HOW GERMANY SHOULD BE TREATED.
  25. 25. I want I want peace Germanybased on treated my 14 fairly. PointsI want a League of Nations set up to keep peace in the future.
  26. 26. WHAT WERE PRESIDENT WILSON’S 14 POINTS?1 No secret treaties.2 Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime.3 Free trade between countries.4 All countries to work towards disarmament.5 Colonies to have a say in their own future. They were his plan6 German troops to leave Russia. for peace!7 Independence for Belgium.8 France to regain Alsace–Lorraine.9 Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted.10 Self-determination for the peoples of eastern Europe (they should rule themselves).11 Serbia to have access to the sea.12 Self-determination for the people in the Turkish Empire.13 Poland to become an independent state with access to the sea.14 League of Nations to be set up.
  27. 27. WHAT WERE PRESIDENT WILSON’S 14 POINTS?1 No secret treaties.2 Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime.3 Free trade between countries.4 All countries to work towards disarmament.5 Colonies to have a say in their own future. They were his plan6 German troops to leave Russia. for peace!7 Independence for Belgium.8 France to regain Alsace–Lorraine.9 Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted.10 Self-determination for the peoples of eastern Europe (they should rule themselves).11 Serbia to have access to the sea.12 Self-determination for the people in the Turkish Empire.13 Poland to become an independent state with access to the sea.14 League of Nations to be set up.
  28. 28. France I want was Germanydestroyed treated by harshly.Germany! I want Alsace- LorraineI want peace REVENGE and and SECURITY. reparations
  29. 29. I am mainly However, in favour I have to of keep the Germany British being people treated happy and fairly. they want Germany treated harshly.
  30. 30. TREATMENT OF GERMANYHarsh Fair
  31. 31. TREATMENT OF GERMANYHarsh Fair
  32. 32. ARE ‘THE BIG THREE’ GOING TO BEABLE TO AGREE?• No, they have very different aims.• Clemenceau is going to be a problem because his views are totally opposite to Wilsons’.• Lloyd George is stuck in the middle of these two opposing views.• Any peace will have to be a compromise.

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