Paris Peace Conference 1919 & Treaty of Versailles

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Paris Peace Conference 1919, Treaty of Versailles, what did the Big Three Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George want? How fair and justified was it? http://curriculumglobal.blogspot.com

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Paris Peace Conference 1919 & Treaty of Versailles

  1. 1. 1 The war destroyed thousands of houses, roads, bridges and farmland etc.
  2. 2. 2 65,000,000 21,000,000 10,000,000 1,000
  3. 3. 3 About 8.5 million soldiers and 6.6 civilians were killed in the war. War Deaths and Destruction
  4. 4. 4 Over 10 millionOver 10 million DeadDead
  5. 5. 5 World War I Casualties
  6. 6. 6 The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died116,516 Americans Died
  7. 7. 7 A WWI cemetery at Ypres
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9 a Jewish gravea Jewish grave poppiespoppies
  10. 10. 11 The signing of the Treaty ofThe signing of the Treaty of VersaillesVersailles The victorious nations signed treaties with the defeated ones. The Paris Peace Conference (1919)
  11. 11. 12David Lloyd George Major decisions were madeMajor decisions were made by the ‘Big Three’ –by the ‘Big Three’ – Georges Clemenc eau (France) Woodro w Wilson (USA) Georges Clemenceau Woodrow Wilson Britain, France, and US.Britain, France, and US. FranceFrance USA BritainUSA Britain
  12. 12. Clemenceau
  13. 13. Woodrow Wilson
  14. 14. 15 Wilson’s Fourteen PointsFourteen Points 1919 • Open diplomacyOpen diplomacy • Freedom of the seasFreedom of the seas • Free tradeFree trade • DisarmamentDisarmament • National self-determinationNational self-determination • The League of NationsThe League of Nations Wilson
  15. 15. Lloyd George
  16. 16. 17 The Treaty of Versailles (1919)The Treaty of Versailles (1919) Germany was to:Germany was to:  To disarm and cut army to 100,000  To pay a large indemnity  To return Alsace-Lorraine to France  To give up some of her land and all colonies  To accept the War-guilt clauseWar-guilt clause
  17. 17. 18 Germany after the singing of the Treaty of Versailles Rhineland demilitarized Saar (under LN) East Prussia Alsace- Lorranie Watchmojo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKzZ1OwPXgk&feature=relmfu
  18. 18. Germany’s territorial losses: • Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. • West Prussia and Posen were given to Poland. • Danzig was to be a free city under the League of Nations. • The Saar to be under the League of Nations for 15 years. • Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania became independent. • Germany lost all its Asian and African colonies.
  19. 19. Germany was to lose all colonies
  20. 20. 21 Germany had to disarm according to the Treaty of Versailles.
  21. 21. 26 German cartoons in 1919. The Allies buried Germany withThe Allies buried Germany with the Treaty of Versailles.the Treaty of Versailles. The Allies sent Germany toThe Allies sent Germany to the guillotinethe guillotine.
  22. 22. 27 Who’s To Blame?
  23. 23. 28 • Drama • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=p0Mef7arxUA 09:37-12:40 • Make Germany Pay - The Big 3 (4) • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=14zM9DBHuhE&feature=related • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=J31vkB4IdS0&feature=related Wilson's League for Peace - NHD 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r0ldr18Rnho Treaty of V by BBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?
  24. 24. Why was Germany so bitter about the Treaty of Versailles? [7]
  25. 25. How to read the cartoon? DDAABB http://www.youtube.co m/watch? v=e1UROvdzpo8
  26. 26. 10. Why did the Big three disagree over how to treat Germany? [7] 14. Why did the victors fail to get everything they wanted at Versailles? [7]
  27. 27. Remember the Treaty of Brest- Litovsk?
  28. 28. 35 Germany New nations states Russia Rumania Finland Estonia Latvia Lithuania Poland Bulgaria Turkey Italy Yugoslavia Spain France Portugal Britain Norway Sweden Germany Hungary Czechoslovakia Black Sea Atlantic Sea Greece Albania Belgium Holland AustriaSwitzerland WWI destroyed the empires of the Russians, the Austrians, the Germans and the Turks New countries were created after the war The New Map of EuropeThe New Map of Europe
  29. 29. 37 Significance? Problems? • New tensionsNew tensions • weak and unstable governmentsweak and unstable governments • weak economyweak economy • Nationalism grew strongerNationalism grew stronger
  30. 30. 38 Wilson suggested forming a peace-keeping organization in 1918. “I Can predict with great certainty that within another generation, there will be another world war if the nations of the world do not join together to prevent it. ”
  31. 31. 39 Forming a Peace-keeping Body The League of Nations was formed in 1920 to prevent warprevent war and to keep peace and resolvekeep peace and resolve international conflictsinternational conflicts.
  32. 32. How far could the Treaty of Versailles be justified? [8]
  33. 33. 44 The Rise of Women’s Social Status Women played an important role in the war.
  34. 34. 45 Women worked in munitions factories.
  35. 35. 46

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