The signing of the Treaty ofThe signing of the Treaty of
The victorious nations
signed treaties with
the defeated ones.
The Paris Peace Conference (1919)
12David Lloyd George
Major decisions were madeMajor decisions were made
by the ‘Big Three’ –by the ‘Big Three’ –
Georges Clemenceau Woodrow Wilson
Britain, France, and US.Britain, France, and US.
FranceFrance USA BritainUSA Britain
Wilson’s Fourteen PointsFourteen Points 1919
• Open diplomacyOpen diplomacy
• Freedom of the seasFreedom of the seas
• Free tradeFree trade
• National self-determinationNational self-determination
• The League of NationsThe League of Nations
The Treaty of Versailles (1919)The Treaty of Versailles (1919)
Germany was to:Germany was to:
To disarm and cut army to 100,000
To pay a large indemnity
To return Alsace-Lorraine to France
To give up some of her land and all
To accept the War-guilt clauseWar-guilt clause
Germany after the singing of the Treaty of Versailles
Germany’s territorial losses:
• Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France.
• West Prussia and Posen were given to Poland.
• Danzig was to be a free city under the League of
• The Saar to be under the League of Nations for 15 years.
• Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania became independent.
• Germany lost all its Asian and African colonies.
Germany had to disarm
according to the Treaty of
German cartoons in 1919.
The Allies buried Germany withThe Allies buried Germany with
the Treaty of Versailles.the Treaty of Versailles.
The Allies sent Germany toThe Allies sent Germany to
the guillotinethe guillotine.
• Make Germany Pay - The Big 3 (4)
Wilson's League for Peace - NHD 2010
Treaty of V by BBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?
Why was Germany so bitter
about the Treaty of Versailles?
How to read the
10. Why did the Big three disagree over
how to treat Germany? 
14. Why did the victors fail to get
everything they wanted at
WWI destroyed the empires of the Russians, the
Austrians, the Germans and the Turks
New countries were created after the war
The New Map of EuropeThe New Map of Europe
• New tensionsNew tensions
• weak and unstable governmentsweak and unstable governments
• weak economyweak economy
• Nationalism grew strongerNationalism grew stronger
Wilson suggested forming a peace-keeping
organization in 1918.
“I Can predict with great
certainty that within
another generation, there
will be another world war
if the nations of the world
do not join together to
prevent it. ”
Forming a Peace-keeping Body
The League of Nations was formed in 1920 to
prevent warprevent war and to keep peace and resolvekeep peace and resolve
international conflictsinternational conflicts.
How far could the Treaty of Versailles be
The Rise of Women’s Social Status
Women played an important role in the war.