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Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
May, 2015
Meir Kraus
Jerusalem Institute
for Israel Studies
Jerusalem
...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
The Jerusalem Mosaic
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
3
Society and Demography
Key Population Figures
• Total: 830,000
(10% ...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
4
Where
do the Communities Live?
• Arab population – mainly
East Jerus...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
5
Society and Demography
Population Projection
196720132020
Jews74%63%...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
6
Society and Demography
Household Size
Household Size
Jews Arabs
Isra...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
7
0% 10% 20% 30% 40%
0-14
65+
Percent of population
Agegroup
Age Group...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
8
Society and Demography
Students in the Jerusalem Education System 20...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
9
Society and Demography
Trends in Education
• Growing UO and
Arab sys...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
10
Society and Demography
Migration
JLM
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
11
Economy
Participation in Labor Force by Population Group
79%
69%
52...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
12
27%
76%
14%
52%
Jews Arabs
Poverty Rate (Persons), by Population Gr...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
13
The Jerusalem Mainstream
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
14
Society and Demography
Diversity in Religiousness
10%
2%
22%
26%
60...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
15
Challenges
Facing the Different Communities
Arab
population:
Gap
na...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
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The Jerusalem Mosaic: A Delicate Balance. Meir Kraus at UCLA's convention: "Israel in 3D"

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Meir Kraus at UCLA's convention: "Israel in 3D": The Jerusalem Mosaic: A Delicate Balance

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The Jerusalem Mosaic: A Delicate Balance. Meir Kraus at UCLA's convention: "Israel in 3D"

  1. 1. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org May, 2015 Meir Kraus Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Jerusalem A Mosaic of Communities
  2. 2. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org The Jerusalem Mosaic
  3. 3. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 3 Society and Demography Key Population Figures • Total: 830,000 (10% of Israel's population) – Thereof: 63% Jews (522,000) 37% Arabs (308,000) – Ultra-orthodox Jews: 39% (205,000) of the Jewish population
  4. 4. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 4 Where do the Communities Live? • Arab population – mainly East Jerusalem • Jewish population – West Jerusalem and satellite neighborhoods – Ultra-orthodox – mainly north
  5. 5. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 5 Society and Demography Population Projection 196720132020 Jews74%63%59% Arabs26%37%41%
  6. 6. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 6 Society and Demography Household Size Household Size Jews Arabs Israel 3.1 4.8 Jerusalem 3.3 5.7
  7. 7. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 7 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 0-14 65+ Percent of population Agegroup Age Groups in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv Jerusalem Tel Aviv Society and Demography Diversity in Age Structure Median Age – Jerusalem • Arabs: 20.2 • Ultra-orthodox: 18.2 • Secular and Religious: 30.3 18% 15% 34% 9% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 0-14 65+ Percent of population Agegroup Age Groups in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv Jerusalem Tel Aviv Median Age • Jerusalem: 23.7 • Tel Aviv: 35.2
  8. 8. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 8 Society and Demography Students in the Jerusalem Education System 2014/15 • Total – 266,700 students in system • 1/3 of the city's residents • Size enables diversity. Schools include: Jewish-Arab; Religious- secular; Science & art; Democratic; Waldorf; and many more State and State- Religious Education 88,600 (26%) Ultra- Orthodox Education 92,700 (38%) Arab Education 84,200 (36%)
  9. 9. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 9 Society and Demography Trends in Education • Growing UO and Arab systems • State & state religious - stable 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Students Students in The Municipal Education System in Jerusalem by Sector, 2000-2014 Ultra-orthodox Arab State and State-religious 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Students Students in the Municipal Education System in Jerusalem by Sector, 2000-2014 Ultra-orthodox Arab State and State-religious
  10. 10. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 10 Society and Demography Migration JLM
  11. 11. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 11 Economy Participation in Labor Force by Population Group 79% 69% 52% 72%74% 34% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen GeneralUO JewsArabs Population Aged 20+ in Jerusalem, by Participation in Labor Force
  12. 12. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 12 27% 76% 14% 52% Jews Arabs Poverty Rate (Persons), by Population Group Jerusalem Israel Economy Poverty Rate 27% 76% 14% 52% Jews Arabs Poverty Rate (Persons), by Population Group Jerusalem Israel
  13. 13. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 13 The Jerusalem Mainstream
  14. 14. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 14 Society and Demography Diversity in Religiousness 10% 2% 22% 26% 60% 63% 8% 9% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Israel Jerusalem Percent of population aged 20 and over Muslim Population Aged 20 and over in Israel and in Jerusalem, 2011-2013 Non-religious Loosely religiously observant Religiously observant Very religiously observant
  15. 15. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 15 Challenges Facing the Different Communities Arab population: Gap narrowing General Jewish population: Maintaining an attractive Jerusalem Affordable housing Job opportunities UO population: Affordable housing Employment Higher education
  16. 16. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org

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