Sonnet 18 Shakespeare

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Sonnet 18 Shakespeare

  1. 1. INSTITUTO GUATEMALTECO AMERICANO Departamento de Cursos British Literature Javier Eduardo Aguirre, B.A. Fourth Trimester, 2010 Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer ' s Day ? Sonnet 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day ? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date1. Sometime too hot they eye of heaven shines, And often is his complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometimes declines, By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed3. But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair2 thou ow'st4, Nor shall Death brag thou wand'rest5 in his shade When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st6. So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. A sonnet is a poem consisting of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter and dealing with a single idea or emotion. The Shakespearean sonnet is composed of three quatrains and a couplet. The rhyme scheme is generally abab cdcd efef gg. A foot is a combination of accented and unaccented syllables which make up a metrical unit. A foot may incorporate syllables from different words, and the foot divisions may cut across words. The iambic foot consists of one unaccented syllable followed by one accented syllable and it is the most widely used in English poetry. Meter is the pattern of rhythm determined by the accented and unaccented syllables in a line of poetry. It is established by the repetition of a dominant foot. Therefore, the iambic pentameter, is a line of verse consisting of five iambs. Shall I / compare / thee to / a Sum / mer's day ? _____________________________________________________________________________ ___ 1. date: term, period 3. untrimmed : reduced 5. grow'st : grow 2. fair : beauty 4. ow'st : own, possess 6. wander'st : wander

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