Draft v 6 team 7 sustainable urban biofuel complex

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  • http://www.transtats.bts.gov/fuel.aspMention carbon emissions
  • http://oakhavenpc.org/cultivating_algae.htmhttp://www.oilgae.com/algae/oil/yield/yield.htmlCan’t find a great source for the yields
  • http://ofb.net/~epstein/sl/04/20040113-tower.jpg
  • Redevelopment plans - http://news.medill.northwestern.edu/chicago/news.aspx?id=111479
  • Abandoned buildings in South Chicago: https://ipiweb.cityofchicago.org/VBR/MapSearch.aspx?SearchType=CommunityArea&SearchValue=46
  • Draft v 6 team 7 sustainable urban biofuel complex

    1. 1. Sustainable Urban Biofuel Network (SUBNET) Team 7—Aviation Biofuels Assignment Summer Institute on Sustainability and Energy (SISE) August 17, 2012
    2. 2. Project Team• Michael Blauvelt• Mark Leno, MA Int’l Relations University of Chicago ’09• Kyle Jacobs, PhD Candidate, Mechanical Engineering, UIUC• Zhenyu Hou• Maciej Wachala
    3. 3. Problems and Issues rUS airlines consumedover 10M gallons offossil-fuels in 2011
    4. 4. So What Should We Do? Enable sustainable production of biofuels through algae farming Gallons/Crop AcreSoybean 48Rapeseed 127Jatropha 202Palm Oil 635 5,000-Algae 10,000
    5. 5. The Innovation: Sustainable Urban Biofuel Network (SUBNET)• 1000s of abandoned or underutilized buildings throughout US cities• High US urban unemployment—(65 metropolitan areas including Chicago over June 2012 national average of 8.4%)• Vertical indoor farming has potential to yield at least 5-15x more oil than traditional outdoor farming
    6. 6. Proposed Solution: Sustainable Urban Biofuel Network (SUBNET)• What is it? Production of aviation-grade biofuels from advanced urban sustainable facilities• How does it work? The SUBNET consists of abandoned or underutilized buildings converted to algae biofuel production facilities• Why do it? Innovative, more beneficial biofuel production without most conventional drawbacks *the growing of plants in nutrient solutions with or without an inert medium (as soil) to provide mechanical support (Merriam-Webster)
    7. 7. Attempted Solutions• Research into crops which do not compete with food (second generation biofuels)  1st Generation (e.g. corn, rapeseed, sugarcane)  2nd Generation (e.g algae, camelina, jatropha, halopyhtes)• Military and civil aviation approval of aviation biofuel blends• Ongoing R&D, primarily on conventional outdoor farming of various crops and algae
    8. 8. SUBNET Core Technologies• High yield biofuels via algae farming  estimated yield 6000 gallons/acre for flat farming, will be more for vertical farming• Advanced hydroponics—vertical film farming  Closed loop systems with waste water  Uses approximately 95% less water than outdoor farming  CO2 obtained from local industry or powerplant• Integrates with other Renewable Energy Technologies  Anaerobic digestion and PV for power generation  Energy efficient LED and solid state light  Energy efficient building renovations  Potential for smart metering and power usage
    9. 9. Sun Conceptual SUBNET Production Facility (Farm) PV PanelsGrid LED Light Algae Electricity Feedstock (or Algae itself)Gasification CO2 and waste water Truck w/ Harvest Algae FeedstockRefinery Urban waste/garbage containing sugar
    10. 10. Conceptual SUBNET Diagram Airport Small Production Large Production Facility Facility Refinery Small Large Production Production Facility FacilitySmallProduction LargeFacility Small Small Production Production Production Facility Facility Facility
    11. 11. Potential Barriers to SUBNETs• Capital cost—potentially higher initial from building retrofits• Competition with low-cost fossil fuels• Change—a different approach from traditional large scale farming
    12. 12. Environmental and Technological BenefitsENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGICAL • Sustainable, renewable • Innovative technology energy integration plan • Environmentally- • Less vulnerable to friendly biofuel weather and pests production • Potential to reduces • Conserve natural biofuel research risk resources and costs • Increase urban • Potential urban sustainability renewable energy testbed
    13. 13. Economic and Sociopolitical Benefits • Provides local jobs, especially • Energy Security SOCIOPOLITCAL in urban areas • Food Security • Multiple purpose • Urban sustainability buildings, diverse revenue ECONOMIC awareness and culture streams • Does not compete with • Green tax credits and farmland and natural areas incentives • Urban renewal and improved • Crop and product flexibility quality of life • Reduces supply chain costs • Reduces crime, fire and emissions prevention, and other costs • Diversified revenue of abandoned buildings streams—shops, restaurants • Widespread appeal to diverse groups and interests
    14. 14. Proposed Path Forward• Initial SUB-C Proof of Concept Demonstration in Chicagoland area  Proximity to O’Hare, a major international aviation hub  Initial plan to supply select United Airlines flights  Vast potential to expand domestically and internationally  Large numbers of abandoned buildings and high unemployment• Business Plan and Policy Recommendations  Public-private partnership organized by United-affiliated start- up company  Recommend that federal, state, and local governments provide property and other tax breaks as applicable to SUBNET properties  Recommend that federal, state, and local governments provide seed grants and initial subsidies to SUBNETs• Based on outcome and lessons learned from pilot project, decide on whether to develop additional SUBNETs
    15. 15. Where could the SUBNET Take Us?Today’s urban wastelands could be tomorrow’s catalysts for economic growth and a more sustainable future
    16. 16. Back Up Slides
    17. 17. SUBNET vs. Other Conventional Biofuel Production SUBNET Conventional Production Scalable • Large Areas of Open Land Crop Flexible • Crop Specific Minimal land and water • Resource-intensive Multiple uses and • Single or few revenue revenue streams streams Year round production • Seasonal production Produced near major • Produced away from major airports or large markets airports or large markets Appeals to many urban • Appeals to fewer stakeholders stakeholders
    18. 18. Example of Potential Pilot Site• South Chicago, Illinois• Population: 31, 200• Chicago-area unemployment rate above national average at 9.3% (as of June 2012)• 30 miles from O’Hare International Airport• 193 abandoned buildings in South Chicago in a dense area• Most commercial development is found on one street (Commercial Avenue) – privately owned restaurants and clothing stores• The City of Chicago is investing in “sustainable” development projects in the neighborhood
    19. 19. Location of South Chicago
    20. 20. Abandoned Buildings in South Chicago

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