Sustainability quantifiedEU and Dutch Waste Management & Recycling Technology              and what it can do for Brasil  ...
AGENDASustainability and relevance of waste managementGreen economic development and the role of waste managementWaste man...
Global situationProduction, consumption and…
Global situationProduction, consumption and… waste!
The end of our current production process…90% landfilling in Brasil, no better in Asia & Africa                           ...
Planetary Boundaries            6
Urbanisation and use of resourcesMore urbanisation to megacitiesMore use of material resources(it’s not just energy stupid...
Scarce resources De Afvalbranche is de ‘bewaker’ van de waarde van hulpbronnen en materialen: Hoe kan deze rol het beste i...
Towards a green economyTextile        Aluminium     Electronics   X/Y/Z          Instruments                             D...
Relevance Waste & RecyclingMotor of the green economy, with cross-cutting impact   Beeld Radertjes invoegen.             ...
Chain ManagementChanging the dynamicsthrough WASTE
Recycling society and economyincluding Producers Responsibility                       Purchase                       produ...
EU Approach: The Waste HierarchyInstead of landfilling shift to sorting and recycling,organise sufficient but not too much...
EU Approach: impact Waste Hierarchy         bottom-up             CO2-impact                        14
EU Municipal waste treatment, EU-27, (kg /capita), 1995-2009
EU Municipal waste treated in 2009 by countryand treatment category, sorted by percentage, 2011
Waste treatment strategy by EU country groups, 2009
EU Development of municipal waste treatment, 1995 to 2009 by treatmentgroups and category, (% kg per capita)
Trends and outlook Municipal Waste Management Europe                        19
Policy question: how does Europe as recycling society?•   Management of waste has improved•   Many countries are recycling...
Material use increasing in Europe, but less than GDP                          21
Recyclings current and potential contribution to meeting EU demandfor various materials, 2006
Total turnover of recycling of seven key recyclables in the EU2004 and 2006–2009
People employed in recycling activities in the EUper million inhabitants: the business   Overall employment related to ma...
The Example of Europe for the planetPotential for scaling up                               What the EU has done:         ...
Trends and projections of GHG emissions from management of municipal waste inthe European Union
Quantification approach CO2-impact Qualified   Researcher (IPCC-laureate professor) Scientific perfomance figures Up    ...
Results waste & recycling for climate                           CO2 Emissions to Atmosphere                          Cemen...
Results waste & recycling for climate “Under the bonnet”
Dutch results recycling & climateRecycling reduces emissions NL by 2 million t CO2/yr                                     ...
Dutch results in recycling & climate .. And leads to annual energy savings of 20 PJ                                       ...
Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialSummary scenario’s   Baseline Brazil 2030: no change with 2010 only growth of GDP   B...
Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialElements scenario’s   Collection:     – Baseline: little separation of recyclables    ...
Brasil: Waste & Recycling potential       Landfill – Waste to Energy - Recycling                         34
Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialGreenHouseGas-emissions (MtCO2eq/yr)                        35
Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialResults CO2-emission savingshousehold waste per inhabitant                 2010 -> 2030...
Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialSharing experience / skills / technology   Waste collection – logistics, systems, sepa...
Businesswise, the CO2-marketFinancing CO2-potential of recyclingRecycling+ business                                  Value...
ExampleISWA Publication award winner 2010UN-Habitat Human settlements Programme                      39
Ideally we need chain management:cooperation based on waste as trigger,            with a view to      more sustainable wa...
Alliances for sustainable production and consumptionGovernment                                           PLATFORM(UN: UNEP...
Contact InformationISWA Headquarters, Vienna AustriaTel: +1 43 1 253 6001Email: iswa@iswa.orgwww.iswa.orgNVRD, Arnhem, The...
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Sustainability Qualified - Erik de Baedts

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  • Indium (LCD’s); Zilver (catalysatoren); Lood;  zijn binnen 10 jaar op als we op de halve (!!) hoeveelheid consumeren als de VS… Zink, Tin, Tantalum (telefoons) zijn binnen 20 jaar uitgeput op die manier…! In deze figuur is het belang van een goed overdacht afval en grondstoffenbeleid gevangen: Jan Paul gaf het eerder ook al aan. Grondstoffenschaarste noopt ons tot maatregelen in het omgaan met de in de keten gebrachte grondstoffen!
  • Sustainability Qualified - Erik de Baedts

    1. 1. Sustainability quantifiedEU and Dutch Waste Management & Recycling Technology and what it can do for Brasil Erik de Baedts International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) Municipal Waste Europe (MWE) Royal Dutch Waste Management Association (NVRD) June 2012
    2. 2. AGENDASustainability and relevance of waste managementGreen economic development and the role of waste managementWaste management and recycling best practices in EuropeImpact of waste management quantified, the Dutch exampleImpact of technology in reach for emerging economies like Brasil 2
    3. 3. Global situationProduction, consumption and…
    4. 4. Global situationProduction, consumption and… waste!
    5. 5. The end of our current production process…90% landfilling in Brasil, no better in Asia & Africa Health Hygiene Environment, Climate Social Responsibility => Not sustainable 5
    6. 6. Planetary Boundaries 6
    7. 7. Urbanisation and use of resourcesMore urbanisation to megacitiesMore use of material resources(it’s not just energy stupid ;-)Yet collection and recycling ofresources is more difficult in(mega-)cities with highrise
    8. 8. Scarce resources De Afvalbranche is de ‘bewaker’ van de waarde van hulpbronnen en materialen: Hoe kan deze rol het beste ingevuld worden?
    9. 9. Towards a green economyTextile Aluminium Electronics X/Y/Z Instruments Design EcodesignDesign Resources Resources ProducersCarpet / Sector Responsibility?Fashion DesignProduction Production Reimbursement Industry schemes?Retail Marketing Consumption PositiveConsumption Consumption triggers? - Knowledge Waste Management - Sorting (treatment) - Logistics 2009 © NVRD
    10. 10. Relevance Waste & RecyclingMotor of the green economy, with cross-cutting impact Beeld Radertjes invoegen. 10
    11. 11. Chain ManagementChanging the dynamicsthrough WASTE
    12. 12. Recycling society and economyincluding Producers Responsibility Purchase products Producer Consumer/ citizen Reuse of waste Disposal resources Recycling resource
    13. 13. EU Approach: The Waste HierarchyInstead of landfilling shift to sorting and recycling,organise sufficient but not too much waste to energy, then focus on prevention and reuse
    14. 14. EU Approach: impact Waste Hierarchy bottom-up CO2-impact 14
    15. 15. EU Municipal waste treatment, EU-27, (kg /capita), 1995-2009
    16. 16. EU Municipal waste treated in 2009 by countryand treatment category, sorted by percentage, 2011
    17. 17. Waste treatment strategy by EU country groups, 2009
    18. 18. EU Development of municipal waste treatment, 1995 to 2009 by treatmentgroups and category, (% kg per capita)
    19. 19. Trends and outlook Municipal Waste Management Europe 19
    20. 20. Policy question: how does Europe as recycling society?• Management of waste has improved• Many countries are recycling and recovering more, but...• More efforts are needed if the EU is to become a recycling society.• The majority of the waste (45 %) is still sent to landfill• But an increasing amount is recycled (42 %) or incinerated (5 %).• Municipal waste specifically landfilled 62 % (1995) down to > 38 % (2010)• Frontrunners in NW-Europe• Working to enhance demand for recycled materials 20
    21. 21. Material use increasing in Europe, but less than GDP 21
    22. 22. Recyclings current and potential contribution to meeting EU demandfor various materials, 2006
    23. 23. Total turnover of recycling of seven key recyclables in the EU2004 and 2006–2009
    24. 24. People employed in recycling activities in the EUper million inhabitants: the business Overall employment related to materials recovery in Europe increased from 422 inhabitants per million in 2000 to 611 in 2007, increase of 45 %. 700 600 500 Recycling 400 Wholesale of waste 300 and scraps 200 Total 100 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 24
    25. 25. The Example of Europe for the planetPotential for scaling up  What the EU has done: – Regulation & investment in waste management – Prevention, minimization, reuse, recycling and energy recovery activities leading to reductions in use of landfills.  Significant GHG reduction potential: – Municipal waste sector will be a net GHG reducer in 2012-2020. – Waste-related GHG emissions declined from 69 to 32 million tonnes of CO2 from 1990-2007 – EU is able to meet 18% of its Kyoto Protocol target through the waste management sector.  This can be replicated worldwide: – UNEP (2010) on Waste and Climate Change: – … the waste sector is in a unique position to move from being a minor source of global emissions to becoming a major saver of emissions.
    26. 26. Trends and projections of GHG emissions from management of municipal waste inthe European Union
    27. 27. Quantification approach CO2-impact Qualified Researcher (IPCC-laureate professor) Scientific perfomance figures Up to date review of figures Sounding board with sectoral expertise to assess assumptions made Nationalwaste figures, based on energy impact => CO2 -impact For municipal household waste, bulky waste and construction & demolition waste
    28. 28. Results waste & recycling for climate CO2 Emissions to Atmosphere Cement, lime Anaerobic Digestion Ammonia Incineration Plastics Materials Waste Extraction Processing Consumption Production Management Recycling and reuse Natural Waste resources CO2 from energy CO2 from feedstock (fossil fuels, limestone) CO2 from waste treatment (fossil and biomass) Courtesy Prof. E. Worrell
    29. 29. Results waste & recycling for climate “Under the bonnet”
    30. 30. Dutch results recycling & climateRecycling reduces emissions NL by 2 million t CO2/yr Recycling+ Incineration+ Succesful current policy 2500 Roof waste Mineral materials CO2 emission savings against 2008 reference scenario Wood 2000 Cardboard drinking packages Polyvinylchloride 1500 PET (ktonne CO2 /year) Polystyrene Polypropylene 1000 Polyethylene Organic wastes 500 Copper Aluminum Steel 0 Textiles Glass -500 Paper and board
    31. 31. Dutch results in recycling & climate .. And leads to annual energy savings of 20 PJ Recycling+ Incineration+ Succesful current policy 25 Roof waste Mineral materials Energy savings against 2008 reference scenario Wood 20 Cardboard drinking packages Polyvinylchloride 15 PET Polystyrene (PJ/year) Polypropylene 10 Polyethylene Organic wastes 5 Copper Aluminum Steel 0 Textiles Glass -5 Paper and board
    32. 32. Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialSummary scenario’s Baseline Brazil 2030: no change with 2010 only growth of GDP Brazilian Waste Law: draft goals on recycling and landfill gas Brazil: Recycling+: Maximum Recycling combined with Waste to Energy The Netherlands: situation 2008 (Recycling combined with Waste to Energy) 32
    33. 33. Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialElements scenario’s Collection: – Baseline: little separation of recyclables – Waste Law: two bin collection (wet – dry recyclables) – Recycling+: two bin collection (wet – dry recyclables) – NL: at source separation Treatment: – Baseline: little recycling, landfill / open dump – Waste Law: recycling dry, composting of biowaste, rejects to landfill – Recycling+: recycling dry, anaerobic digestion biowaste, rejects W2E – NL: recycling part of dry, digestion & composting, W2E 33
    34. 34. Brasil: Waste & Recycling potential Landfill – Waste to Energy - Recycling 34
    35. 35. Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialGreenHouseGas-emissions (MtCO2eq/yr) 35
    36. 36. Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialResults CO2-emission savingshousehold waste per inhabitant 2010 -> 2030 Waste Law Recycling+ NL 2008Kg / inh 378 -> 490 490 490 499% recycling 7% 42% 67% 50%% W2E - - 33% 47%% landfill 93% 58% - 3%GHG emis. 16 -> 26 -28 -57 -2(Mt CO2-eq.) kg CO2-eq. 268 -300 -590 -280per ton waste kg per capita 101 -> 131 -146 -291 -140 36
    37. 37. Brasil: Waste & Recycling potentialSharing experience / skills / technology Waste collection – logistics, systems, separation of recyclables Materials Recycling Facility (MRF) Treatment biowaste (anaerobic digestion with energy recovery and composting) Waste to Energy (W2E) Landfill gas recovery Waste experience in regulation, financing and communication 37
    38. 38. Businesswise, the CO2-marketFinancing CO2-potential of recyclingRecycling+ business Value on the CO2 Market; global or within Brazil 2012 2020 2030Materials % Mton CO2 $ 10/ton CO2 $ 20/ton CO2 $ 30/ton CO2Paper and board 14,7% -9.027 90.266.214 180.532.429 270.798.643Glass 2,8% -1.25 1.253.406 2.506.813 3.760.219Organic waste 54,9% -5.526 55.255.520 110.511.039 165.766.559Textiles 1,8% -1.266 12.660.116 25.320.231 37.980.347Steel 1,3% -1.788 17.881.468 35.762.937 53.644.405Aluminum 0,4% -1.356 13.559.932 27.119.864 40.679.796PE (hard) 1,9% -28.303 283.030.360 566.060.720 849.091.080PE (film) 15,0%PP 1,9% -3.889 38.890.123 77.780.245 116.670.368PET 1,5% -4.620 46.200.172 92.400.344 138.600.516Tetrapak 1,4% -628 6.283.734 12.567.468 18.851.201Wood 0,3% -209 2.086.852 4.173.704 6.260.556Stone-like material 0,8% 24 -237.562 -475.124 -712.686Other 1,3% 0 0 0Total -56.713 USD 567.130.335 USD 1.134.260.670 USD 1.701.391.005 38
    39. 39. ExampleISWA Publication award winner 2010UN-Habitat Human settlements Programme 39
    40. 40. Ideally we need chain management:cooperation based on waste as trigger, with a view to more sustainable ways of production and consumptionthrough Recycling & Waste to Energy. But for now: Waste & Recycling technology is available and fundable
    41. 41. Alliances for sustainable production and consumptionGovernment PLATFORM(UN: UNEP/UNDP,UNFCCC [GCF], EU) Design Design Resources EcodesignIndustryI.D.N. International Resources ProducersDesigners Network Fashion / Sector Carpet Design ResponsibiltyF.G.I. Fashion Group Int. Production ProductionC.E. Consumer ElectronicsAssociation (www.ce.org) Industry Reimbursement? Retail MarketingNGO’S Positive triggersE.E.B. European ConsumptionEnvironmental Bureau Consumption ConsumptionGreenpeace?BEUC (Consumers) Drivers apart from public or corporate responsibility: From CradleAcademia •Innovation & Technology to practiceWaste ManagementISWA •Economic Sustainability •A competitive advantage
    42. 42. Contact InformationISWA Headquarters, Vienna AustriaTel: +1 43 1 253 6001Email: iswa@iswa.orgwww.iswa.orgNVRD, Arnhem, The NetherlandsTel.: +31 88 3770000Email: post@nvrd.nl ; debaedts@nvrd.nlwww.nvrd.nl (Key factors Dutch success)

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