Welsh history


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Welsh history

  1. 1. A collaborative timeline By Nathan, Joshua, Brynmor, Madison, Jonathon, Danial, Darwesh, Ashleigh (and Leia)
  2. 2. Google Presentations - Features • Similar to PowerPoint • Multiple people can edit at once • Chat • Comments • Built in Image Search (CC) and YouTube vids • Research and Define tools
  3. 3. Summarising and Presenting • Own words • Short phrases of key points • 4-7 bullets per slide • Sub-bullets where appropriate • Images where appropriate (CC) • Sources o Variety o List
  4. 4. History of Welsh A collaborative timeline
  5. 5. Origins - before 9th Century 800AD) • Welsh (Cymraeg) is the oldest language in Britain, dating back about 4,000 years. • Evolved from a language now called Indo- European. • Related to Celtic, Cornish and Breton. • It probably arrived in Britain during the Bronze Age or Iron Age.
  6. 6. Old Welsh 9-11th C (800-1000) • From about 800 AD until the early 12th century. • Then it developed into Middle Welsh. • The oldest surviving text is that on a gravestone now in Tywyn church, from the early 8th century. • The basic Latin alphabet was used to represent the phonology. • The Poetry of Aneirin and the Poetry, or Book, of Taliesin were in this era.
  7. 7. Middle Welsh 11-14th C (1000-1300) • Gruffydd ap Llywelyn became the ruler of Wales after defeating Ralph the Timid. • A revolt began in South Wales by Hywel ap Mahgredudd, he marched to the Gower, defeating the Norman and English colonists there at the Battle of Llwchwr. • The Treaty of Gwerneigron is signed by Dafydd ap Llywelyn and Henry III • Richard of Pudlicott stole King Edward I's Wardrobe treasury which included the Crown Jewels at Westminster Abbey
  8. 8. Modern Welsh 15-18th C (1400- 1700) • 1451 - Carmarthen Eisteddfod (arguably the first) • 1535 & 1542 - Acts of Union o English only language in court. o Those who used Welsh banned from public office in Wales o (Only officially repealed in 1993!) • 1588 - William Morgan's Bible translation • 1731 - Griffiths Jones Welsh language 'moving schools' • 1789 - First Eisteddfod where public as well as poets and nobles allowed! • 1792 - Iolo Morgans "revived" (made up!) a lot of the key Eisteddfod traditions
  9. 9. 19th Century (1800s) • Socialism developed in South Wales in the latter part of the century, accompanied by the government getting involved religious Nonconformism. • The first Labour MP, Kier Hardie, was elected as junior member for the Welsh constituency of Merthyr Tydfil and Aberdare in 1900's. • The social effects of industrialisation resulted in armed uprisings against the mainly English owners.
  10. 10. 19th Century (1800s) • The Welsh Not or Welsh Note was a punishment system used in some Welsh schools to dissuade children from speaking Welsh. • It was represented as a piece of wood, inscribed with the letters "WN", that was hung around the necks of children who spoke Welsh during the school day.
  11. 11. 19th Century (1800s) • The Treachery of the Blue Books or Treason of the Blue Books (Welsh: Brad y Llyfrau Gleision) was the name given in Wales to the Reports of the commissioners of enquiry into the state of education in Wales published in 1847. • The term Brad y Llyfrau Gleision was coined by the author Robert Jones Derfel in response to the Reports' publication.
  12. 12. 20th & 21st Century • According to the 1911 census, out of a population of just under 2.5 million, 43.5% of the total population of Wales spoke Welsh as a primary language • In the 2011 Census 19% of Welsh residents aged three and over reported being able to speak Welsh. • S4C was launched on 2 November 1982 • The Welsh Language Act 1993 put the Welsh language on an equal footing with the English language. • The Welsh Language Society was formed on the 4th August 1962. • Since 1999, the teaching of Welsh is now compulsory in all schools in Wales up to age 16. • The European Union has 24 official and working languages. Welsh is not one of them!
  13. 13. Some Views from the group... • "I learned it as an adult because I was working at Oystermouth castle and didn't like having to tell tourists who asked that no I didn't speak it!" • "Welsh Language Act has probably doubled the printed stationery costs of official documents in Wales." • "Everyone should speak their mother language" • "Everyone should learn another language" • "Went to a Welsh school, not used it since" • "It'd be okay to know some Welsh." • "I would like to learn Welsh again"
  14. 14. Sources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the _Welsh_language#Late_Modern_Welsh • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eisteddfod#His tory • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iolo_Morganwg • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laws_in_Wal es_Acts_1535%E2%80%931542#The_Ac ts_and_the_Welsh_language • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Wal es#Conquest:_from_the_Statute_of_Rhud dlan_to_the_Laws_in_Wales_Acts_1283_ -_1542 • https://docs.google.com/a/student.swanse a-itec.co.uk/presentation/d/1iHToFD- PDVJN78fxD77YgygW_05aOPgxsHI85n5 fGHw/edit#slide=id.gf30b84a8_210 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Welsh • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cymdeithas_yr _Iaith_Gymraeg • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the _Welsh_language#21st_century • http://ec.europa.eu/languages/languages- of-europe/eu-languages_en.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/11th_century_i n_Wales • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_century_i n_Wales • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13th_century_i n_Wales • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/14th_century_i n_Wales
  15. 15. Skills Used • Presentation • Google Drive (Cloud technology) • Groupwork • Research • Listing sources • Summarising • Reading for specific information • Skimming and scanning texts • Formatting