Wales is one of the four
components of the
United Kingdom. It is
located in the southwestern part of the
United Kingdom, in the
West of England, by the
Irish and Celtic Sea.
Welsh indigenous people are The Celts. The
Celts or Kelts were an ethnolinguistic group
of tribal societies in Iron Ageand Medieval
Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had a
similar culture, although the relationship
between the ethnic, linguistic and cultural
elements remains uncertain and controversial.
For the purposes of local government, Wales has
been divided into 22 council areas since 1996.
These "principal areas" are responsible for the
provision of all local government services,
including education, social work, environment
and roads services.
The Monarch of the Wales is Elizabeth II (born
21 April 1926). She is the constitutional
monarch of 16 sovereign states.
The capital city
Cardiff is the capital and largest city in Wales and the
tenth largest city in the United Kingdom. Cardiff was
made a city in 1905, and proclaimed the capital of
Wales in 1955. Since the 1990s, Cardiff has seen
significant development. A new waterfront area at
Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to
the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium
Centre arts complex.
The Cardiff Castle
Cardiff Castle is a medieval castle and Victorian Gothic
revival mansion located in the city centre of Cardiff.
The original motte and bailey castle was built in the
late 11th century by Norman invaders on top of a
3rd-century Roman fort.
Flag of Wales
The flag of Wales consists of a red dragon passant on
a green and white field. As with many heraldic
charges, the exact representation of the dragon is
not standardised and many renderings exist.
Welsh National Anthem
The anthem was written by Welsh poet Evan
James, and his son James James composed
the melody of the anthem.
Welsh cuisine is famous for its sweet-delicious
cakes and cookies are very popular, you can
buy them almost anywhere or prepare with
The cakes are also known as bakestones within
Wales, because they are traditionally cooked
on a bakestone, a cast iron griddle about
1.5 cm or more thick which is placed on the
fire or cooker. On rare occasions, people may
refer to them as griddle scones.
Cawl is traditional Welsh meal. It is kind of the
goulash. Welshmen most often eat this dish in
day of Saint Dawid. The most important
components of this dish are: the leek and the
Patron – Saint David
Saint Dawid was a bishop and a member of the
oldest move of the monastic West Church. He
was also a founder of the Orthodox monastery
in Menevii and of the monastery in Pembroke
Harlech castle is one of the most famous Welsh
castles. It construction began in 1283 and
finished in 1289. The construction of the
castle was designed by Master James of St.
George. It is the largest among all the castles
built during the conquest of North Wales.
The highest peak:
The highest mountains in Wales are
in Snowdonia, of which five are over 1,000 m
(3,300 ft). The highest of these is Yr Wyddfa,
at 1,085 m (3,560 ft).
The longest river:
Severn River (wal. Afon hafren) is the longest
river of Wales and the second longest in
the British Isles, behind the River Shannon. It
has 354 km lenght.
Swansea officially known as the City and County
of Swansea, is a coastal city
and county in Wales. It is Wales' second
largest city. Swansea lies within the historic
county boundaries of Glamorgan. The City and
County of Swansea had a population of
239,000 in 2011.
Newport (Welsh: Casnewydd) is
a cathedral and university city and unitar
y authority in south east Wales. It is
located on the River Usk. As of the 2011
census it is the third largest city in Wales,
with a city population of 145,736, and
an urba population of 306,844. The city
forms part of the Cardiff-Newport
metropolitan area with a population of