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History of Ireland


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History of Ireland

  1. 1. The History of Ireland
  2. 2. Purpose/Objectives <ul><li>Introduce important points about ancient Irish history </li></ul><ul><li>Use hyperlinks and video to enhance understanding of significant historical events and people </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a foundation for future analysis of (1) Irish history (post 1800) and (2) the role Irish played in shaping the fabric of American culture </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Physical Features <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries that would effect Ireland’s history? </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages? </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages? </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Earliest People <ul><li>4 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly consisted of various tribes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>never claimed under the Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eventually the tribes established provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Each province had: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King (Chief) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional jurists who administered laws </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Saint Patrick’s Early Life <ul><li>Born in Scotland in 387 </li></ul><ul><li>At age 16, he was taken captive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a Chief’s slave in County Antrim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He learned the Celtic customs and language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After six years he escaped and made his way back to Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began his life as a missionary in the Catholic Church </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Saint Patrick’s Return to Ireland <ul><li>Saint Patrick returned to Ireland in the summer of 433 </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking the native Gaelic, he began converting the natives to Catholicism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He used the shamrock to explain the Catholic belief in the Holy Trinity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saint Patrick traveled throughout Ireland establishing Churches and spreading his religion </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Patrick died on March 17, 493 (461?) in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>There were no snakes !!!!! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vikings Invade <ul><li>Vikings invaded Ireland from the 8 th – 10 th century </li></ul><ul><li>They raided monasteries along the coast for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primarily from Norway and Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>The Viking ships provided a quick and efficient means of attack </li></ul>Click on the image above for embedded video
  8. 8. The Vikings Look to Stay <ul><li>Eventually the Vikings established trading posts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limerick, Cork, Waterford, Dublin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Irish were able to reclaim some cities (Dublin 917) </li></ul><ul><li>Over time, the Vikings blended into the Irish culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became merchants, seaman, and military allies </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The English Attack <ul><li>In the 12 th century Anglo-Norman (British) groups began to invade Ireland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed land for a growing kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various nobility looked to claim land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The English established their own laws and created a parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Countries like Scotland attempted to help remove the English, but the Anglo-Norman numbers continued to grow </li></ul>
  10. 10. The English Flex Their Muscles <ul><li>King Henry VII established strict laws for Ireland under British rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No traditional Irish laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must follow English laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No assembly of the Irish military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All laws of the Irish Parliament t had to be approved by the King </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Question of Religion <ul><li>Henry VIII attempted to transform Ireland from a Catholic country to an Anglican country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Mary I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elizabeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James I </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All forced the Anglican religion on the Irish </li></ul>
  12. 12. Oliver Cromwell <ul><li>English statesman in 1649 </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded Ireland with his army (10,000 men) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Executed 2,000 Irish in Drogheda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stormed Wexford </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reclaimed lands in Ireland for the English </li></ul><ul><li>Banished Catholic landowners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave the land to the Protestant army </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Laws to Crush Irish Trade <ul><li>England passed the Penal Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Irish could not export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Butter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cheese </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wool </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Effects of this law? </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Effects of Worldwide Revolution <ul><li>Catholics allied with the French </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Parliament remained Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>There existed a need for lasting peace </li></ul><ul><li>William Pitt (English Prime Minister) helped pass the Act of Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why would Pitt help Ireland? </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The 1801 Act of Union <ul><li>Ireland joined Great Britain to form the United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade </li></ul><ul><li>Anglican was the official religion of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland had its own Courts </li></ul><ul><li>No Catholics could hold office </li></ul>
  16. 16. Life After The Act of Union <ul><li>Catholics hated the Act </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Emmet (1823) led an uprising </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholics could hold office (1828) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formation of The Catholic Association </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bad blood continued between the Catholics and Protestants </li></ul>
  17. 17. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;About Saint Patrick's Day.&quot; DLTKs . 2006. DLTKs Sites. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bloy, Marjie. &quot;Britain and Ireland 1789 - 1801.&quot; The Victorian Web . Apr. 1997. 23 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Grigoriev, S A., and Y V. Vasina. &quot;The Megalithic Structures of Vera Island in Turgoyak Lake, Southern Urals.&quot; 28 Nov. 2005. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Luby, Damian. &quot;Ireland.&quot; Ireland on the Net . 2 Dec.-Jan. 2007. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Map of Ireland.&quot; 2005. Backpack New Zealand. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Moran, Patrick F. &quot;St. Patrick.&quot; New Advent . 1 Jan.-Feb. 1911. The Catholic Encyclopedia. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Oliver Cromwell.&quot; The Cromwell Association . 2005. Cromwell Association and the Cromwell Museum Huntingdon. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Viking Warriors. Discovery Channel School. 2004. unitedstreaming. 24 January 2008<> </li></ul><ul><li>Walsh, Dennis. &quot;Ireland - the Viking Era.&quot; Ireland's History in Maps . Feb. 2007. 20 Jan. 2008 <>. </li></ul>