History of Sweden•Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the MiddleAges•In the 17th century, the country expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire•The empire grew to be one of the great powers of Europe in the 17th and early 18thcentury•The eastern half of Sweden, present-day Finland, was lost to Russia in 1809•The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814 , when Sweden bymilitary means forced Norway into a personal union •Since then, Sweden has been at peace, adopting a non-aligned foreign policy in peacetime and neutrality in wartime •Sweden has been a member of the European Union
Geography•Borders Norway and Finland•Connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across theÖresund.•population of about 9.4 million•450,295 square kilometers (173,860 sq mi)•third largest country in the European Union by area•21 inhabitants per square kilometer (54 /sq mi)•Swedens capital is Stockholm, which is also the largestcity•on the Scandinavian Peninsula•85% of the population live in urban areas
Culture• Swedish is the official language of Sweden• Judaism and Roman Catholicism are the two most popular religions• A lot of great writers have come out of Sweden• The movie business is a huge part of Sweden’s culture• They strongly believe in gender equality• In 2007, with over 800 million dollars in revenue, Sweden was the third largest music exporter in the world and surpassed only by the US and the UK• The two main sports are football and ice hockey
Politics• Sweden is a constitutional monarchy• the 349-member riksdag (Parliament) picks the prime minister• the prime minister appoints the government department heads (cabinet ministers) Parliament House
Military• Sweden has been in peace since 1814• There has been no real need for the military, however Sweden still trains soldiers and operates a great military program
5 places to go in Sweden: 1. Vasamuseet (Vasa Museum)•a maritime museum in Stockholm, Sweden.•the museum displays the only almost fully intact 17th century ship thathas ever been salvaged•The Vasa Museum (Vasamuseet) opened in 1990 and is the most visitedmuseum in Scandinavia•The museum was officially opened on 15 June 1990•So far Vasa has been seen by over 25 million people.
2. Gamla Stan (Old Town)•The town dates back to the 13th century, and consistsof medieval alleyways, cobbled streets, and archaicarchitecture•Called the old town of Stockholm, Sweden
3. Kungliga Slottet (Stockholm Palace)• Also known as Stockholm Palace• the official residence and major royal palace of the Swedish monarch• Houses the Swedish Royal Family and the offices of the Royal Court of Sweden• The palace is used for representative purposes by the King while performing his duties as the head of state
4. Göteborgs Konstmuseum•This museum is the most popular in Sweden• Holds the art work of Van Gogh, Monet, and Picasso• has collections of art dating from the 1300s, right up topresent day• Museum has been awarded three stars in the MichelinGuide•2nd largest museum in the country of Sweden
5. Tivoli Gröna Lund• Located in Stockholm, Sweden• founded in 1883• Gröna Lund is also known for its rock and pop music concerts• Has a medieval theme
Sources• . "Sweden." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2011. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweden>.• . "Religion of Sweden." www.nationmaster.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country/sw-sweden/rel-religion>.• . "Government: The swedish system of government." The official gateway to sweden. Sweden Institute, n.d. Web. 9 Mar 2012. <http://www.sweden.se/>.• US Department of State, . "Background Note:Sweden." U.s. department of state. N.p., 2011. Web. 9 Mar 2012. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2880.htm>.• Hogman, H.. Sweden, facts about sweden. N.p., 2010. Web. 9 Mar 2012. <http://www.algonet.se/~hogman/sl_swefact_eng.htm>.