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Ruth Carrasco. Economía Circular

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Ruth Carrasco. Economía Circular

  1. 1. ECONOMÍA CIRCULAR Seminario itdUPM - 24 de noviembre de 2017 Prof. Ruth Carrasco-Gallego
  2. 2. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Why so much fuss about the circular economy? What is new? 1 • The circular economy is an INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK
  3. 3. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Why so much fuss about the circular economy? What is new? 2 • The circular economy is an INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK
  4. 4. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM 3 Why so much fuss about the circular economy? What is new?
  5. 5. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM 4 Why so much fuss about the circular economy? What is new?
  6. 6. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Elements of the circular model: The supply chain network 5
  7. 7. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Elements of the circular model: The supply chain network 6 FORWARD SUPPLY CHAIN REVERSE SUPPLY CHAIN CLOSED-LOOP (circular) SUPPLY CHAINS
  8. 8. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Closing the loop in supply chains: reverse flows typology Source: Thierry et al. (1995) Strategic Issues in Product Recovery Management. California Management Review, 37 (2), 114-135
  9. 9. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Closing the loop in supply chains: reverse flows typology Source: Thierry et al. (1995) Strategic Issues in Product Recovery Management. California Management Review, 37 (2), 114-135
  10. 10. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Closing the loop in supply chains: reverse flows typology Source: Thierry et al. (1995) Strategic Issues in Product Recovery Management. California Management Review, 37 (2), 114-135
  11. 11. Level of dissasembly Quality Requirements Resulting Product Repair To product level Restore product to working order. Some parts fixed or replaced by spares. Refurbishment To module level Inspect all critical modules and upgrade to specified quality level. Quality requirements do not have to fulfill the standard of as-new products. Some modules repaired/replaced; potential technological upgrade. Remanufacturing To part level Inspect all modules and parts and upgrade to as- new quality. Used and new modules/parts combined into new product; potential upgrade. Cannibalization Selective retrieval of parts Quality requirements depend on the process in which parts are reused. Some parts are reused; remaining product is recycled/disposed. Recycling To material level Materials are reused to produce new parts.
  12. 12. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM 11
  13. 13. Level of dissasembly Quality Requirements Resulting Product Repair To product level Restore product to working order. Some parts fixed or replaced by spares. Refurbishment To module level Inspect all critical modules and upgrade to specified quality level. Quality requirements do not have to fulfill the standard of as-new products. Some modules repaired/replaced; potential technological upgrade. Remanufacturing To part level Inspect all modules and parts and upgrade to as- new quality. Used and new modules/parts combined into new product; potential upgrade. Cannibalization Selective retrieval of parts Quality requirements depend on the process in which parts are reused. Some parts are reused; remaining product is recycled/disposed. Recycling To material level Materials are reused to produce new parts. DOWNCYCLING?
  14. 14. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Closing the loop in supply chains: reverse flows typology Source: Thierry et al. (1995) Strategic Issues in Product Recovery Management. California Management Review, 37 (2), 114-135
  15. 15. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Dumping
  16. 16. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Landfilling
  17. 17. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Incineration: energy recovery, waste-to-energy
  18. 18. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Any alternatives to downcycling or landfilling? 17
  19. 19. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM From cradle-to-grave to cradle-to-cradle (C2C): CIRCULAR ECONOMY • A new approach to product design (design is the key phase) • Products can be conceived as: – Biological nutrients - the biosphere – Technical nutrients (avoid downcycling) – the technosphere 18
  20. 20. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM 19
  21. 21. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM • REDUCE (reuse, recycle) vs REGENERATIVE ABUNDANCE Degrowth vs C2C 20
  22. 22. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM The INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK of the CIRCULAR ECONOMY Watch vídeo: http://www.mckinsey.com/videos/video?vid=3132577493001&plyrid=2399849255001&Height=360&Width=480 21
  23. 23. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM 22 www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org The INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK of the CIRCULAR ECONOMY
  24. 24. R. Carrasco-Gallego - Economía Circular - Seminario itdUPM Servicize it! Proyecto SPREE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ElvsiGhyak8 New business models: servicizing, sharing economy, … Sharing economy 23
  25. 25. EJEMPLO: WWW.BUNDLES.NLBundles desarrolló un negocio de pago por lavado (venta de paquetes de ciclos de lavado ('paquetes') en lugar de lavadoras. USO DE RECURSOS MENOS INTENSIVOS Al adjuntar un dispositivo a sus lavadoras la empresa es capaz de mantener propiedad de las máquinas mientras se controla su uso. Las estadísticas recogidas en una App de lavado, proporcionan al cliente el costo total de hacer su lavandería, el consumo de energía, agua y detergente. Esto no sólo reduce los costes para el cliente, sino que también prolonga la vida de la máquina
  26. 26. ECONOMÍA CIRCULAR Seminario itdUPM - 24 de noviembre de 2017 ruth.carrasco@upm.es Carrasco-Gallego R (2010) A management model for closed-loop supply chains of reusable articles. https://doi.org/10.20868/UPM.thesis.37832 GRACIAS POR VUESTRA ATENCIÓN ¿PREGUNTAS?

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