Going electric

421 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
421
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Going electric

  1. 1. Electric Vehicles: outlook and policy actions needed Jacques de Selliers, Ir Managing Director Going-Electric, Association for Electric Vehicles in Europe www.going-electric.org , [email_address] , tel: +32 475 55 20 26 Former importer of REVA electric cars in Belgium. Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  2. 2. Electric Vehicles: Key considerations <ul><li>EVs = 3 technologies of electrically powered vehicle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) (= pure electric vehicles), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended Range Electric Vehicles (EREVs) (= Series Plug-in Hybrids), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs, fuelled by hydrogen). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By far, they are the most sustainable car technologies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly petrol-free, no urban pollution, 30% less primary energy, less CO2… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>80% of cars mileage = short trips, slow speed, 1 occupant: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> Small/ultra-small BEVs are ideal for this usage… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> EREVs are fine for long trips – and FCVs even better! </li></ul></ul><ul><li> BEV & EREV technologies are mature enough to fill all car markets. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But they are temporarily expensive. What is missing for EVs to spread is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right initial incentives from public authorities (first priority = non-financial), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right c harging infrastructure (first priority is where EV drivers live), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attractive EV models (which will only arrive after 1. & 2.). </li></ul></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  3. 3. EV Sustainability versus ICV <ul><li>EVs (BEVs, EREVs & FCVs) are MUCH cleaner than ICVs. </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to ICVs of same power and weight: </li></ul><ul><li>EVs use about 30% less primary energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An electric car charged with petrol/biofuel-generated electricity uses about 30% less petrol/biofuel than an ICV... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EVs cause 25% less CO 2 with the Chinese electricity mix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even less CO 2 as electricity generation gets cleaner (which is happening). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70% less CO2 in the EU – Nearly zero CO 2 in Norway, Sweden, France... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same CO 2 in the worse case (coal fired power plants). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EVs are silent and cause zero urban pollution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is easier to reduce pollution from a few power plants than from millions of cars. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing urban pollution saves health and building cleaning costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EVs reduce energy dependency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 50% of world’s petrol is used in road transport. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity generation uses a variety of energies (including renewable) and little petrol. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EVs have a sustainable life cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle environmental impact: 25% = manufacturing + recycling, 75% = usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EVs, batteries and fuel cells are very recyclable. </li></ul></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  4. 4. Micro-BEVs are the urban future! Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page <ul><li>Fast in traffic and easy to park  objectively ideal for commuting & city-driving </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal consumption & emissions  very environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal congestion of traffic and parking  very city-friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Governments should especially promote micro-EVs! </li></ul>Lumeneo Smera (car) 98 cm wide, 1+1 p, 100 km, 110 km/h The fastest city car in the world! REVA (quadricycle) 132 cm wide, 2+2 p, 60 km, 80 km/h Perfect micro family-car for the city!
  5. 5. EV (BEV, EREV & FCV): car sales predictions Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page Because: <ul><li>High production volumes and rising petrol prices will make cost of EV ownership advantageous. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities will restrain petrol vehicles  health and building renovation costs... </li></ul>
  6. 6. The two key policy actions needed <ul><li>EVs are temporarily more expensive than ICVs  Purchase incentives are initially needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial incentives: expensive to states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-financial incentives: most effective ! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EVs need to charge – two different needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At or near home: daily low power charging at night. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In transit places: occasional high power recharging. </li></ul></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  7. 7. Norway’s most effective incentives <ul><li> Saving time & hassles is invaluable to drivers!  In congested cities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EV access to priority lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free unlimited parking for EVs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parking spots reserved for EVs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No odd/even plate restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free freeway tolls & congestion charge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Successful EV introduction at no cost! </li></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  8. 8. Two different charging needs <ul><li>Key considerations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No one will buy an EV if he can’t charge it at/near home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% daily trips < 60km  need << 15 kWh/day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BEVs are NOT for very long trips (  EREVs and/or FCVs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charging at night is better for the electrical network. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications on charging needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Night charging at/near home is essential 2-3 kW charging is usually enough  domestic plug </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public charging in transit places is needed: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Against range anxiety: low/medium power is enough </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For exceptional longer trips: high power charging (motorways). </li></ul></ul></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  9. 9. Other policy actions needed <ul><li>Other governmental actions needed for EV leadership: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate investments in EV and parts production plants, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable large scale fuel cell demonstration projects, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote Micro-EV development and commercialisation, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate training in EV related skills (electronics, chemistry…), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abandon regulations forcing car manufacturers to invest in petrol vehicles improvements. </li></ul></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  10. 10. Electric Vehicles: Conclusions <ul><li>EVs are the future, whether we want it or not. </li></ul><ul><li>Petrol light vehicles will become obsolete in 2 or 3 decades. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments must promote EVs with the right actions if they want their car industry to survive. </li></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thank you ! </li></ul>Going-Electric Printed on April 14, 2011 EV outlook and policy actions needed Page

×