American Wellbeing       Annual Update             HPCareer.NetDan Witters, GallupDecember 7, 2012                        ...
Our Topics for TodayPart I: Wellbeing in AmericaPart II: Wellbeing in American CitiesPart III: Wellbeing and the Workplace
Part I: Wellbeing in America:Some National Statistics                           4
®Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index Overview   25-year commitment; initiated January 2, 2008.   1,000 completed surveys ...
The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index:A Comprehensive Approach to Measuring WellbeingGallup-Healthways tracks 55 items th...
There is Range in Wellbeing in America, and it isConsistently Highly Regionalized                                         ...
Overall Wellbeing Among the 50 States:The Top 10 and Bottom 11 in 20111.    Hawaii           40. Tennessee, Nevada (tie)2....
Obesity in America: Trends and Costs                      9
Some National Health Statistics Everyone Should Know1. The U.S. spent an estimated $2.5 trillion on healthcare in 2009   (...
Some National Health Statistics Everyone Should Know6. George Washington University researchers estimated that   annual in...
U.S. Obesity Map, 2011                         Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved.   12
The Good News is that Obesity is Starting to Trend  Down in the U.S.28.0%27.0%                     26.8%              26.9...
Obesity is Shockingly High for Middle Aged Blacks and Hispanics in the U.S.50.0%                               41.0%      ...
The 10 Most Obese Metros in America in 2011    1.    McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX (38.8%)    2.    Binghamton, NY (37.6%) ...
Obesity Costs American Cities a LOT of Money inIncremental Health Care Costs                                              ...
Part II:Wellbeing in American Cities                               17
Overall Wellbeing Among Metro Areas:The Top 10 and Bottom 10 in 20111.    Lancaster, PA         181. Mobile, AL2.    Charl...
Wellbeing in America’s Cities:What Sets High Wellbeing Cities Apart?                                 Copyright © 2011 Gall...
What Characteristics Do High Wellbeing Cities Have in Common?                                              Copyright © 201...
The Residents of the Top 10 Wellbeing Cities in America…    Learn new and interesting things each day.    Have very low ...
What Characteristics Do Low Wellbeing Cities Have in Common?                                              Copyright © 2011...
The Residents of the Bottom 10 Wellbeing Cities…    Have poor emotional health: high daily stress and anger; low daily   ...
Large vs. Small:Wellbeing from Big Cities to Rural Communities
Residents of Small Towns and Rural Areas areStronger than Residents of Large Metro Areas in:   Eating healthy generally....
Residents of Large Metro Areas are Stronger thanResidents of Small Towns and Rural Areas in: Having optimism for the futu...
Does Wellbeing Matter? Examining Its Impact on Cities
Crime in American Cities   424: The average number of violent crimes incidents per 100,000 residents in 2008 among the 343...
The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being IndexBasic Access Index (BAI) Metrics   Satisfied with city; City getting better as plac...
Violent Crime Per 100,000 Residents is Much Lower inCities Where the GHWBI Basic Access Index is High                     ...
Low Income Cities with Strong Basic Access Have LowerViolent Crime Rates than Rich Cities with Weak Basic Access          ...
High School Graduation in American Cities   Among the 45 Largest Cities, the   Average High School Graduation         Rate...
High School Graduation Rates Climb Higher WhereWellbeing is Greatest Among the 45 Largest CitiesThe Cumulative Promotion I...
Part III:Wellbeing and the Workplace                              34
Defining Employee Engagement:12 Critical Psychological Needs in the Workplace 1.   I know what is expected of me at work. ...
The State of Engagement in the American Workplace                              30%                                        ...
Daily MoodHappiness-Enjoyment without Stress-Worry                                           3737
Enjoyment-Happiness Without Stress-Worry:The Role of Engagement at Work                                                   ...
Life Evaluation – Thriving, Struggling, and Suffering “Please imagine a ladder with steps numbered from zero at the bottom...
Workers in Bad Jobs Have Worse Wellbeing Than Jobless                                                        40
Actively Disengaged Workers and Jobless in Equally Poor Health                                                           41
Actively Disengaged Workers and Jobless in Equally Poor Health                                                           42
Engaged Workers Immune to Stress From Long Commutes                                                      43
Odds of Being Diagnosed with Depression In Next Year:   10.0%     9.0%                                                    ...
The Current State: A Gallup Study of 13,800 Randomly   Selected Employees Across the United StatesPlease indicate how much...
Odds of Being Actively Disengaged in Your Job:    45%                                                                     ...
To stay up to date on our        wellbeing discoveries, visit:http://www.gallup.com/poll/wellbeing.aspx              Dan W...
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Annual Gallup Well-Being Index Update with Dan Witters

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Annual Gallup Well-Being Index Update with Dan Witters

  1. 1. American Wellbeing Annual Update HPCareer.NetDan Witters, GallupDecember 7, 2012 1
  2. 2. Our Topics for TodayPart I: Wellbeing in AmericaPart II: Wellbeing in American CitiesPart III: Wellbeing and the Workplace
  3. 3. Part I: Wellbeing in America:Some National Statistics 4
  4. 4. ®Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index Overview 25-year commitment; initiated January 2, 2008. 1,000 completed surveys per day, 7 days per week, 350 days per year. About n=353,000 completed surveys per year English and Spanish, Landline (n=600) and Cell (n=400) 96%+ coverage of U.S. adult population 1.7 million completed surveys and counting since 2008 Sampling error for one year of U.S. data for any given item is about +/-0.2%.
  5. 5. The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index:A Comprehensive Approach to Measuring WellbeingGallup-Healthways tracks 55 items that comprise six core sub-indexes to provide leaderswith a comprehensive metric that covers six key interrelated areas of wellbeing: Life Evaluation Ranking one’s life today and in the future Emotional Health Daily feelings; Clinical depression Physical Health Chronic conditions, obesity, physical pain, cold/flu Well-Being Index Healthy Behaviors Composite Score Smoking, healthy eating, exercise (Average of six sub-indexes) Work Environment Using strengths, supervisor relationships Basic Access Healthcare, community satisfaction, money for basics 6
  6. 6. There is Range in Wellbeing in America, and it isConsistently Highly Regionalized 7
  7. 7. Overall Wellbeing Among the 50 States:The Top 10 and Bottom 11 in 20111. Hawaii 40. Tennessee, Nevada (tie)2. North Dakota 42. Florida3. Minnesota 43. Missouri4. Alaska 44. Arkansas5. Utah 45. Alabama6. Colorado 46. Ohio7. Kansas 47. Delaware8. Nebraska 48. Mississippi9. New Hampshire 49. Kentucky10. Montana 50. West Virginia 8
  8. 8. Obesity in America: Trends and Costs 9
  9. 9. Some National Health Statistics Everyone Should Know1. The U.S. spent an estimated $2.5 trillion on healthcare in 2009 (CDC), or about 17.3 cents for every dollar spent anywhere for any reason.2. By 2019, the U.S. is projected to spend $4.5 trillion on healthcare – 19.3 cents our of every dollar spent.3. 70% of all medical costs are associated with chronic, mostly preventable diseases (CDC).4. Total direct incremental annual healthcare costs for an obese person are estimated at $1,429 relative to those of normal weight individuals. This adds up to $147 billion every year to the U.S. cost of healthcare (NIH/HHS). Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 10
  10. 10. Some National Health Statistics Everyone Should Know6. George Washington University researchers estimated that annual incremental costs rise to $4,879 for a woman and $2,646 for a man when employee sick days, lost productivity, and even the need for extra fuel at the gas pump, are all figured in.7. If the nation’s largest 188 metropolitan areas were to reach the CDC’s stated goal of 15% obesity, $32 billion annually in healthcare costs would be saved.8. In 2011, only three cities in the U.S. met this goal. (Boulder, CO, 12.1%; Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT, 14.5%; Fort Collins-Loveland, CO, 14.6%.) Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 11
  11. 11. U.S. Obesity Map, 2011 Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 12
  12. 12. The Good News is that Obesity is Starting to Trend Down in the U.S.28.0%27.0% 26.8% 26.9% 26.8% 26.7% 26.5% 26.4% 26.2% 26.2% 26.2% 25.8% 26.3%26.0% 26.2% 26.2% 26.1% 26.1% 25.7% 25.8%25.0% 25.2% 25.1%24.0%23.0% Q108 Q208 Q308 Q408 Q109 Q209 Q309 Q409 Q110 Q210 Q310 Q410 Q111 Q211 Q311 Q411 Q112 Q212 Q312 Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Obesity is Shockingly High for Middle Aged Blacks and Hispanics in the U.S.50.0% 41.0% 39.0%40.0% 34.5% National Adults 31.6% 35.2% 30.8% Blacks30.0% 28.3% 30.3% 24.2% 29.5% Hispanics 26.3% 24.7% Whites 19.8% 23.5% Asians20.0% 18.2% 16.9% 9.0% 8.9%10.0% 6.4% 10.0%0.0% 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ 14
  14. 14. The 10 Most Obese Metros in America in 2011 1. McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX (38.8%) 2. Binghamton, NY (37.6%) 3. Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH (36.0%) 4. Rockford, IL (35.5%) 5. Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX (33.8%) 6. Charleston, WV (33.8%) 7. Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL (33.5%) 8. Topeka, KS (33.3%) 9. Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA (33.2%) 10. Reading, PA (32.7%) 15
  15. 15. Obesity Costs American Cities a LOT of Money inIncremental Health Care Costs Savings in Metropolitan Statistical Healthcare Costs Area % Obese at 15% Obesity McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 38.8 $252,067,278 Binghamton, NY 37.6 $79,024,906 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 36.0 $85,712,906 Rockford, IL 35.5 $103,621,091 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 33.8 $101,678,603 Charleston, WV 33.8 $81,727,700 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 33.5 $154,231,334 Topeka, KS 33.3 $60,362,092 Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA 33.2 $63,887,901 Reading, PA 32.7 $102,975,348 16
  16. 16. Part II:Wellbeing in American Cities 17
  17. 17. Overall Wellbeing Among Metro Areas:The Top 10 and Bottom 10 in 20111. Lancaster, PA 181. Mobile, AL2. Charlottesville, VA 182.Charleston, WV3. Ann Arbor, MI 183.Utica-Rome, NY4. Provo-Orem, UT 184.Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL5. Boulder, CO 185.Hickory-Lenoir, NC6. Honolulu, HI 186.Port St. Lucie, FL7. Santa Barbara, CA 187.Fort Smith, AR-OK8. San Jose, CA 188.Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA9. Fort Collins, CA 189.Flint, MI10. Appleton, WI 190.Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 18
  18. 18. Wellbeing in America’s Cities:What Sets High Wellbeing Cities Apart? Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 19
  19. 19. What Characteristics Do High Wellbeing Cities Have in Common? Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 20
  20. 20. The Residents of the Top 10 Wellbeing Cities in America…  Learn new and interesting things each day.  Have very low rates of clinical depression.  Have supervisors at work that treat them like partners, not bosses.  Have a lot of energy each day.  Have low rates of chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.  Have low rates of obesity.  Have very few smokers.  Find it easy to get clean and safe water.  Have safe places to exercise.  Have enough money to buy food at all times.  Visit the dentist each year. 21
  21. 21. What Characteristics Do Low Wellbeing Cities Have in Common? Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 22
  22. 22. The Residents of the Bottom 10 Wellbeing Cities…  Have poor emotional health: high daily stress and anger; low daily happiness and enjoyment; high rates of clinical depression.  Work under supervisors that create low-trust environments.  Are poorly rested, have low daily energy, and have a lot of headaches.  Have high rates of high blood pressure and diabetes.  Have high rates of recurring, chronic pain in the neck, back, knee and legs.  Are heavy smokers.  Do not exercise regularly.  Have comparatively poor access to clean and safe water, affordable fruits and vegetables, and medicine.  Have comparatively poor access to safe places to exercise.  Do not consistently have enough money for healthcare and medicine. 23
  23. 23. Large vs. Small:Wellbeing from Big Cities to Rural Communities
  24. 24. Residents of Small Towns and Rural Areas areStronger than Residents of Large Metro Areas in: Eating healthy generally. Having at least five servings of fruits and vegetables at least four times per week. Feeling safe walking alone at night. Getting to use their strengths at work. Working in a high-trust environment. Having lower stress and worry. 25
  25. 25. Residents of Large Metro Areas are Stronger thanResidents of Small Towns and Rural Areas in: Having optimism for the future (rating life 5 years from now). Learning new and interesting things each day. Having lower rates of clinical depression. Health not preventing normal activities. Having lower rates of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart attack, and cancer. Having lower rates of chronic physical pain. Having lower rates of obesity. Having fewer smokers. Finding it easier to get affordable fruits and vegetables and medicine. Having enough money for healthcare and medicine. Visiting the dentist at least once per year. Having health insurance. 26
  26. 26. Does Wellbeing Matter? Examining Its Impact on Cities
  27. 27. Crime in American Cities 424: The average number of violent crimes incidents per 100,000 residents in 2008 among the 343 Metro Areas with reportable FBI Crime Statistics. 3,307: The average number of Property Crime incidents per 100,000 residents in 2008. 28
  28. 28. The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being IndexBasic Access Index (BAI) Metrics Satisfied with city; City getting better as place to live Easy to get clean and safe water Easy to get affordable fruits and vegetables Easy to get medicine Easy to find safe places to exercise. Feel safe walking alone at night Enough money to by food at all times Enough money to provide adequate shelter or housing at all times Enough money to pay for health care and/or medicines at all times Visited the dentist last 12 months Have personal doctor Have health insurance coverage 29
  29. 29. Violent Crime Per 100,000 Residents is Much Lower inCities Where the GHWBI Basic Access Index is High 30
  30. 30. Low Income Cities with Strong Basic Access Have LowerViolent Crime Rates than Rich Cities with Weak Basic Access High Income = Above $63,000 Average Household Annual Income Medium Income = $57,000 to <$63,000 Average Household Annual Income Low Income = Under $57,000 Average Household Annual Income 31
  31. 31. High School Graduation in American Cities Among the 45 Largest Cities, the Average High School Graduation Rate is just 53.9%. Nationwide, it is 70.6%. 32
  32. 32. High School Graduation Rates Climb Higher WhereWellbeing is Greatest Among the 45 Largest CitiesThe Cumulative Promotion Index (CPI) method to calculate graduation rates.The CPI estimates the probability that a student in the ninth grade will complete high school on time (i.e. in four years) with a regular diploma.The CPI is currently the best measure available for cross-state comparisons of graduation rates. 33
  33. 33. Part III:Wellbeing and the Workplace 34
  34. 34. Defining Employee Engagement:12 Critical Psychological Needs in the Workplace 1. I know what is expected of me at work. 2. I have the materials and equipment I need to do my work right. 3. At work, I have the opportunity to do what I do best every day. 4. In the last seven days, I have received recognition or praise for doing good work. 5. My supervisor, or someone at work, seems to care about me as a person. 6. There is someone at work who encourages my development. 7. At work, my opinions seem to count. 8. The mission or purpose of my company makes me feel my job is important. 9. My associates or fellow employees are committed to doing quality work. 10. I have a best friend at work. 11. In the last six months, someone at work has talked to me about my progress. 12. This last year, I have had opportunities at work to learn and grow.
  35. 35. The State of Engagement in the American Workplace 30% 52% 18% “Engaged” “Not Engaged” “Actively Disengaged”Copyright © 2005 The Gallup Organization, Princeton, NJ. All rights reserved.
  36. 36. Daily MoodHappiness-Enjoyment without Stress-Worry 3737
  37. 37. Enjoyment-Happiness Without Stress-Worry:The Role of Engagement at Work Engaged Disengaged8070 Double the drop on Mondays6050403020100 Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Copyright © 2009 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 38
  38. 38. Life Evaluation – Thriving, Struggling, and Suffering “Please imagine a ladder with steps numbered from zero at the bottom to ten at the top. The top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder represents the worst possible life for you.’” “On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time?” “On which step do you think you will stand about five years from now?” Thriving 7/8 Struggling Suffering 4/4
  39. 39. Workers in Bad Jobs Have Worse Wellbeing Than Jobless 40
  40. 40. Actively Disengaged Workers and Jobless in Equally Poor Health 41
  41. 41. Actively Disengaged Workers and Jobless in Equally Poor Health 42
  42. 42. Engaged Workers Immune to Stress From Long Commutes 43
  43. 43. Odds of Being Diagnosed with Depression In Next Year: 10.0% 9.0% 8.8% 8.0% 7.0% 6.0% 6.0% 5.0% 4.6% 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% 0.0% Engaged in career Not engaged in career Actively disengaged in careerGallup Panel of U.S. households 2008-2009 n=7,993 Copyright © 2009, 2010 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 44
  44. 44. The Current State: A Gallup Study of 13,800 Randomly Selected Employees Across the United StatesPlease indicate how much you agree or disagree with each of the following:“I have substantially higher overall wellbeing because of the employer I work for today.” 35% 30% 29% 25% 24% 20% Percentage 20% 15% 14% 10% 8% 5% 5% 0% Strongly 2.00 3.00 4.00 Strongly Dont disagree agree knowGallup Panel of U.S. households (weighted)September 2009 Copyright © 2009, 2010 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 45
  45. 45. Odds of Being Actively Disengaged in Your Job: 45% 40% 40% 35% 30% 25% 22% 20% 15% 10% 5% 1% 0% If your manager If your manager If your manager does focuses on your focuses on your not focus on your strengths weaknesses weaknesses or strengths (Ignored)2005 random sample of U.S. full-time/part-time workers n=1,000 46
  46. 46. To stay up to date on our wellbeing discoveries, visit:http://www.gallup.com/poll/wellbeing.aspx Dan Witters Principal Gallup Omaha, NE (402) 938-6457 dan_witters@gallup.com

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