DefinitionTypes of mineralFunctionsConclusion (why we need mineral)
W H AT I S M I N E R A L ? ?• One of the nutrients that the body needs to work properly.• Inorganic micronutrients.• Natural compounds formed through geological processes.• We need mineral in small amounts to help our body function properly and stay strong.• Iron, calcium, potassium, and sodium are some of essential minerals.
TYPES OF MINERAL.. These minerals are divided into two groups:MACRO minerals - Needed by the human body in high quantities. - The macro mineral group is made up of Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Sodiu m, Potassium, Chloride, and Sulfur.
MICRO/TRACE minerals - Needed by the human body in small quantities. - Trace minerals includes Iron, Manganese, Copper, Iod ine, Zinc, Fluoride, and Selenium.
FUNCTIONTYPE OF FUNCTION SOURCES DEFICIENCIES EXCESSIVE INTAKEMINERALCALCIUM Important for Bones Dairy Produce Osteomalacia Formation of & teeth. Osteoporosis "stones" in the Important for Rickets Tetany. body, especially the metabolic processes. Gall Bladder and the KidneysIRON Transfer oxygen Blood ,Eggs, Anaemia; Haemochromatosis between tissues in the Green Increased or Haemosiderosis body. vegetables, susceptibility to (involving organ Fortified foods, infections. damage) Liver, Meat, Nuts, Peas, Whole grains.MAGNESIUM For healthy bones, Eggs, Green Anxiety, Fatigue, Unusual. Functioning vegetables, Fish, Insomnia, of muscle and nerve Milk, Nuts, Muscular tissue. Wholemeal problems, Nausea, flour. Premenstrual problems. Extreme cases, arrhythmia.
TYPE OF FUNCTION SOURCES DEFICIENCIES EXCESSIVE INTAKEMINERALPHOSPHOROUS Constituent of bone Dairy products, Anaemia, Excess tissue, Fruits, Meat, Demineralization phosphorous can energy conversion Pulses, Vegetables. of bones, Nerve interfere with the reactions disorders, bodys absorption Respiratory of: calcium, iron, problems, magnesium, and Weakness, zinc. Weight Loss.Potassium (K) Main base ion of Cereals, Coffee, Fresh General muscle Arrhythmia, and intracellular fluid, to Fruits, Meat, Salt- paralysis, Metabolic ultimately cardiac maintain electrical subsitutes, disturbances. arrest ("heart potentials of the nervous Vegetables, Whole- attack"). system, functioning grain flour. Metabolic of muscle and nerve disturbances. tissuesSodium (Na) Controls the volume of Processed bakery Low blood Hypernatraemia, extracellular fluid in the products, Processed pressure, De-hydration body, Maintains the (pH) foods generally (incl. General muscle (especially in balance in the body, tinned and cured weakness/paralysis, babies), Possible maintain electrical products), Mild Fever; long-term effects potentials of the nervous Table Salt Respiratory may include system functioning problems. hypertension. of muscle and nerve tissues.
TYPE OF FUNCTION SOURCES DEFICIENCIES EXCESSIVEMINERAL INTAKEChromium (Cr) Involved in the Cereals, Cheese, Confusion, functioning Fresh fruit, Meat, Depression, of skeletal muscle Nuts, Wholemeal Irritability, flour. Weakness.Copper (Cu) Part of the Cocoa, Liver, Insufficient copper enzyme copper- Kidney, Oysters, has been zince superoxide Peas, Raisins. associated with: dismutase, changes in hair present in other colour & texture, enzymes, and hair loss; including disturbances to cytochrome the nervous oxidase, ascorbic system; bone acid oxidase, and diseases. tyrosinases, Found Serious deficiency; in the red blood Menkes cells, and in blood syndrome. plasma.
TYPE OF FUNCTION SOURCES DEFICIENCIES EXCESSIVEMINERAL INTAKEManganese (Mn) Antioxidant Avocados, Nuts, Bone deformities, Excessive intake properties, Pulses, Tea, Rashes & skin has been Fertility, Vegetables, conditions, associated with Formation of Whole-grain Reduced hair brain conditions strong cereals. growth, Retarded such as symptoms healthy bones, growth (in similar to those nerves, children). resulting from and muscles. Parkinsons disease .Selenium (Se) Antioxidant Egg yolk, Garlic, Cardiomyopathy, Selenium properties, Seafood, Whole- Kaschin-Beck poisoning. Essential grain flour. disease (affects component of the the cartilage at enzyme joints). glutathione peroxidase, Contributes to efficiency of the immune system.
TYPE OF FUNCTION SOURCES DEFICIENCIES EXCESSIVEMINERAL INTAKESulphur (S) Healing build-up Beans, Beef Deficiency of of toxic Cruciferous sulphur is unusual. substances in the vegetables (e.g. body, Structural broccoli),Dairy health of the produce, Meat . body, Healthy skin, nails & hair.Zinc (Zn) Needed for: Dairy produce, Lesions on the Excessive intake is Functioning of Egg yolk, Liver, skin, oesophagus not a common many (over Red meat, and cornea, problem but 200) enzymes, Seafood, Whole- Retarded growth especially if zinc Strong immune grain flour. (of children), supplements are system. Susceptibility to taken over an infection. extended period of time, can reduce the absorption of Copper (so Copper supplements may also be appropriate).
WHY WE NEED MINERALS??• We cant make minerals in our body but we must ingest them either in our food, our drinking water or in supplements. Most minerals are required in very minute amounts, and proving that a trace mineral is essential for health is a very difficult task.• Everyone at every age needs minerals. A major exception is iron for children under age 4 and adolescent girls and women in the childbearing years.• Nutritionists are very careful when they say that a nutrient is essential in the human diet. This is particularly true when it comes to minerals, because some minerals taken in high concentrations can be toxic.