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  1. 1. WHAT IS ANEMIA Anemia is a decrease in the number of red blood cells
  3. 3. CAUSES OF ANEMIA Anemia from active bleeding: Loss of blood through heavy menstrual bleeding or, wounds can cause anemia. Gastrointestinal ulcers or cancers such as cancer of the colon may slowly ooze blood and can also cause anemia. Iron deficiency anemia: The bone marrow needs iron to make red blood cells. Iron plays an important role in the proper structure of the hemoglobin molecule. If iron intake is limited or inadequate due to poor dietary intake, anemia may occur as a result.
  4. 4. CAUSES OF ANEMIA Anemia related to kidney disease: The kidneys release a hormone called the erythropoietin that helps the bone marrow make red blood cells.This is called anemia related to chronic kidney disease Anemia related to poor nutrition Alcoholism
  5. 5. TYPES OF ANEMIA Sickle cell anemia Pernicious Anemia Thalassemia Bone marrow-related anemia Aplastic anemia
  6. 6. TYPES OF ANEMIA Hemolytic anemia Anemia related to medications
  7. 7. TREATMENT OF ANEMIA If a person has anemia he should be treated in the specific type of the anemia treatment Before treatment, the cause should be detected
  8. 8. HOW TO AVOID ANEMIA anemia are prevented by eating a healthy diet and limiting alcohol use. All types of anemia are best avoided by seeing a doctor regularly and when problems arise. In the elderly, routine blood work ordered by the doctor, even if there are no symptoms, may detect anemia and prompt the doctor to look for the underlying causes.
  9. 9. ANEMIA
  10. 10. ANEMIA
  11. 11. Red blood cells and sickle cells Red blood cells are normal blood cells. It contains a chemical that transfers oxygen from nose or mouth to lungs and vise versa called hemoglobin When a person has anemia ,the body produces improper red blood cells called sickle cells that contains abnormal hemoglobin or sickle hemoglobin that doesn’t perform its role well
  12. 12. Red bloodcells andsickle redblood cells