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  1. 1. The Doolittle Raid By Sarah Snare and Nicholas Marter
  2. 2. What Was the Raid? <ul><li>First air raid on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Revenge on the Japanese for Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>US was assembling large military force after Pearl Harbor, but could not attack Japan by land </li></ul><ul><li>US sent an air patrol over Tokyo in a raid </li></ul>
  3. 3. What was the Raid? <ul><li>The US aircraft carrier fleet was detected by a Japanese cruiser </li></ul><ul><li>The ship was sunk, but the message was sent to Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Message was ignored in disbelief, and the raid began </li></ul><ul><li>Raid was a huge success </li></ul><ul><li>Bombing damage was minimal, but it was a huge boost to morale </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who Led the Raid? <ul><li>Air Force General Henry Arnold appointed Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle as mission commander </li></ul><ul><li>Doolittle was 45 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent and highly experienced pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Had a doctorate from M.I.T. </li></ul><ul><li>For his leadership in the mission, James Doolittle received the Medal of Honor </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why did it take place? <ul><li>After Pearl Harbor, the US wanted revenge </li></ul><ul><li>The attack would also bomb Tokyo and would affect the mindsets of Japanese citizens </li></ul><ul><li>It would also offer a morale boost to US troops </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans would gain momentum after the devastating Pearl Harbor attack </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese commander of defense committed suicide after the raid </li></ul>
  6. 6. When was the raid? <ul><li>The Doolittle Raid physically took place on April 18, 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for the raid took months </li></ul><ul><li>On March 25, 1942, the bombers were flown to California to be loaded onto the carrier, USS Hornet </li></ul><ul><li>A week later, the fleet sailed for the mission </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where was the Raid? <ul><li>The Doolittle Raid was an attack on Japan in its capital city, Tokyo </li></ul><ul><li>The aircraft could not fly back to the carrier due to fuel shortage </li></ul><ul><li>They landed in Eastern Asia in China and one landed in a Russian airstrip </li></ul><ul><li>Only one crew was captured by Japanese soldiers </li></ul>
  8. 8. How was the Raid performed? <ul><li>Doolittle had to secure the right aircraft for the mission </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to be able to take off from a short aircraft carrier runway, carry 2000 lbs. of bombs, and fly at least 2400 nautical miles </li></ul><ul><li>He selected the twin-engined B-25B Mitchell </li></ul><ul><li>16 Airplanes were used in the mission </li></ul>
  9. 9. How was the Raid performed? <ul><li>The planes were altered to increase fuel efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>They were stripped of everything non-essential to make them lighter </li></ul><ul><li>Extra fuel tanks were added and extra fuel was taken along to be added manually </li></ul><ul><li>The total amount of fuel was double that of a normal B-25B </li></ul>
  10. 10. How was the Raid performed? <ul><li>Doolittle selected the crews for the mission </li></ul><ul><li>All were volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Crews trained in Florida for short take-offs, landings, navigation, low-altitude bombardment, and fuel efficient flying </li></ul><ul><li>All knew this would be risky mission, but nobody backed out when given the opportunity </li></ul>
  11. 11. How was the Raid performed? <ul><li>Doolittle took off first, with the other crews in 5 formations of 3 following </li></ul><ul><li>Bombarded industry and energy targets in Tokyo and nearby Nagoya, Osaka, and Kobe </li></ul><ul><li>They would then fly and land in unoccupied China </li></ul><ul><li>After being detected by a Japanese cruiser, they had to take off 600 nautical miles from Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Raid was a huge success and caused mass panic in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Crews had to land on very low fuel (one landed in Russia, and one got captured by Japanese patrols) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;The Doolittle Raid: April 18, 1942.&quot; USS Enterprise CV-6 . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Doolittle Raid on Japan, 18 April 1942.&quot; Naval History and Heritage Command . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Doolittle Raid.&quot; World War 2 Insightful Essays . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. . </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Doolittle's Raid.&quot; Air Force History Program . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. . </li></ul>