War in the Pacific
Flying Tigers
American Volunteer fighter pilots
 Recruited to send supplies to China
 Engaged in combat Japanese pilots
...
Attacking the Japanese


Japan’s mission of conquest after the attack on
Pearl Harbor was with great success.



U.S. fo...
Island Hopping


The U.S. had a large region of Pacific Ocean to
fight the Japanese, they attacked the Japanese
on certai...
Effects of Island Hopping




Plan was to attack islands where
Japanese had fewer defenses
 Went against traditional wa...
Battle of Midway




U.S. planned an attack on the island of Midway in
Central Pacific
 1,000 miles west from Pearl Har...
Battle of Midway


Up to this point, Japanese forces were
winning WWII in the Pacific



Japan’s Admiral Yamamoto ordere...
Battle of Midway


How effective was this victory for U.S.? Do
you believe this was the turning point for
the U.S. in the...
Battle of Iwo Jima


U.S. needed an airbase to launch an attack on the
Japanese homeland.
 Island of Iwo Jima was a smal...
Battle of Iwo Jima




250,000 U.S. troops landed Feb. 19, 1945
 Outnumbered Japanese troops launched furious
counterat...
Battle of Iwo Jima


Japanese finally surrendered March 26,
1945
 Of

the 23,000 original Japanese soldiers, only
1,000 ...
Battle of Iwo Jima


With what you have just watched, can you
devise a new way to invade Iwo Jima that
would be more effi...
Statue of Iwo Jima
Invasion of Japan (mainland)



U.S. planned to invade main island of Japan
Japan used kamikazes to destroy American war...
Hiroshima and Nagasaki


U.S. scientists had been working on an
atomic bomb since 1940
 Manhattan



Project

President...
Hiroshima and Nagasaki






On August 6, 1945 U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb
on the city of Hiroshima
 Nicknamed ...
Hiroshima and Nagasaki


Do you think the use of the atomic bombs
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a
necessary thing to end ...
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
WWII in the Pacific
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WWII in the Pacific

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WWII in the Pacific

  1. 1. War in the Pacific
  2. 2. Flying Tigers American Volunteer fighter pilots  Recruited to send supplies to China  Engaged in combat Japanese pilots  Destroyed almost 300 Japanese pilots 
  3. 3. Attacking the Japanese  Japan’s mission of conquest after the attack on Pearl Harbor was with great success.  U.S. fought Japan in the Philippines but were pushed back to the Bataan Peninsula. American forces surrender to Japanese on April 9, 1942  70,000 troops were forced to march 60 miles where they were sent to prison camps (14,000 died on march)  Known as Bataan Death March  President Roosevelt ordered General Douglas MacArthur to take over after defeat. 
  4. 4. Island Hopping  The U.S. had a large region of Pacific Ocean to fight the Japanese, they attacked the Japanese on certain islands and “hop” over others.  Purpose was to conserve resources
  5. 5. Effects of Island Hopping   Plan was to attack islands where Japanese had fewer defenses  Went against traditional way of fighting heavily defensed outposts first Strategy was the ultimate success in the Pacific against the Japanese  Main island of Japan was virtually defenseless
  6. 6. Battle of Midway   U.S. planned an attack on the island of Midway in Central Pacific  1,000 miles west from Pearl Harbor U.S. intelligence intercepted plans for Japanese Attack and told Admiral Chester Nimitz  Nimitz assembled forces to prepare for the attack  U.S. was outnumbered 76 ships to Japan’s 162
  7. 7. Battle of Midway  Up to this point, Japanese forces were winning WWII in the Pacific  Japan’s Admiral Yamamoto ordered a retreat   By end of June 5, Japan had lost all 4 of their aircraft carriers in battle Major defeat for Japan as the Battle of Midway gave the U.S. the upper hand in the Pacific and would continue
  8. 8. Battle of Midway  How effective was this victory for U.S.? Do you believe this was the turning point for the U.S. in the Pacific? Justify your answers.
  9. 9. Battle of Iwo Jima  U.S. needed an airbase to launch an attack on the Japanese homeland.  Island of Iwo Jima was a small island off the southern coast of Japan  Japanese had 23,000 troops stationed there and an underground tunnel system to use in attacks.
  10. 10. Battle of Iwo Jima   250,000 U.S. troops landed Feb. 19, 1945  Outnumbered Japanese troops launched furious counterattack  Many soldiers were wounded or killed by land mines Japanese soldiers where committed to the honor code bushido (no surrender)  Held off American troops for over 4 weeks
  11. 11. Battle of Iwo Jima  Japanese finally surrendered March 26, 1945  Of the 23,000 original Japanese soldiers, only 1,000 survived  26,000 Americans killed, 22,000 Japanese
  12. 12. Battle of Iwo Jima  With what you have just watched, can you devise a new way to invade Iwo Jima that would be more efficient for soldiers?
  13. 13. Statue of Iwo Jima
  14. 14. Invasion of Japan (mainland)   U.S. planned to invade main island of Japan Japan used kamikazes to destroy American warships  Kamikaze Pilots intentionally crashed planes into ships  Kamikaze attacks damaged or sank over 200 vessels
  15. 15. Hiroshima and Nagasaki  U.S. scientists had been working on an atomic bomb since 1940  Manhattan  Project President Truman feared that an invasion on Japan would lead to thousands of American lives lost  Felt that dropping the atomic bomb would bring a quick end to the war and save lives
  16. 16. Hiroshima and Nagasaki    On August 6, 1945 U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima  Nicknamed “Little Boy”  Instantly destroyed 60% of the city and 100,000 people killed 2 days later, another atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki  Nicknamed “Fat Man”  70,000 people were killed instantly Japan agrees to surrenders from WWII on August 12, 1945  Official signing of surrender on the USS Missouri was Sept. 2, 1945
  17. 17. Hiroshima and Nagasaki  Do you think the use of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a necessary thing to end the WWII? Justify your opinion.

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