Prepared by: Glenn
M. Apuhin R.N M.N
THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
– is derived from the greek word
“psyche” which means soul
- “logos” which means knowlede or study.
Mental Philosophers began to translate psyche
“mind” and psychology was then defined as a “ study
of the mind”
>It is eventually replaced by the definition of
psychology as a “the science of behavior”
Help man understand himself so that he can adjust to
his environment better.
To predict human behavior
To influence or control the behavior of the individual
so that he can achieve the goal he desires.
Psychology can aid your own understanding about.
METHODS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL
Inspection Method – In this method,
psychologist studies himself, records his
own feelings and experiences and later
Observation Method- It is a visual or oral
method of examining, describing, and
interpreting the reactions of individuals and
group in a classroom, lab or out of school
Experimental Method – It emphasizes accurate
observations, the collection and arrangement of
tentative explanatory theories and the testing of
theories by trial under controlled conditions and
practical application in life situations.
Survey Method- Data are obtained through
written questionnaires or interviews from a large
group particularly of that which constitutes a
Empiricism(Empirical Method) – Information is
gained from direct observation and measurement
OBJECTIVES OF PSYCHOLOGY
1. Describe the behavior
3. To predict human behavior by means of
observation and experiment.
4. To influence or alter the behavior of the
individual or group in desirable ways so that
the designed goal can be achieved.
have different ideas about what
psychology should or should not include.
a large number of psychologists strongly
support a certain a view they called themselves
“school”. These were group of psychologists who
became associated with the leader of a
movement. They shared the same ideas about
what psychology was and how it was studied. .
Was founded by Wilhelm Wundt ( is often
considered the father of experimental psychology)
He started the study of psychology based on
conscious experience broken into elements such as
images, physical sensation or feelings.
Structuralism stated that all complex substances
can be analyzed through their component
Sigmund Freud who advocated psychoanalysis
insisted on human desires and primitive impulses
as the central factor of behavior.
Psychoanalytic theory stresses that behavior is
constantly influenced by unconscious
thoughts,impules or desires.
Freuds point of departure was his belief that mental
life is like an inceberg.