Major Perspectives of PsychologyBethany ThompsonPSY200Mr. Thompson
What are the Major perspectives off Psychology?1) The Psychodynamic perspective2) The Behavioral Perspective3) The Cognitive Perspective4) The Humanistic Perspective5) The Neuroscience Perspective
Neuroscience Perspective Considers how people and nonhumans function biologically: how individual nerve cells are joined together, how the inheritance of certain characteristics from parents and other ancestors influences behavior, how the function of the body affects hopes and fears, which behaviors are reflexive, and so forth.Includes the study Considers how heredity may influence behavior, and behavioral neuroscience,of heredity and which examines how the brain and theevolution nervous system affect behavior. Advances in methods fro examining the anatomy and functioning of the brain have permitted the neuroscientific perspective to extend its influence across a broad range of subfields in psychology.
Psychodynamic PerspectiveProponents Examples of this would be dreams andargued that slips of the tongue: indications of what abehavior is person is truly feeling within an unconscious psychic activitymotivated byinner forcesand conflicts Helped treat andabout which understand somewe have little psychological disorders.awareness. Helps us understand everyday phenomena like prejudice and aggression. Originated by Sigmund Freud
Behavioral PerspectiveIn contrast to the neuroscience and psychodynamic approaches; grewout of a rejection of psychology’s early emphasis on the inner workings of the mind. John B. Watson - first major American Behaviorists suggested psychologist to advocate a behavioral that the field should approach. Believed that it was possible to focus on observable elicit any desired type of behavior by behavior that can be controlling a person’s environment. measured objectively. Used along every byway of psychology Has made contributions in such diverse areas as treating mental disorders, curbing aggression , resolving sexual problems and ending drug addiction.
Cognitive Perspective Focuses on how people think, understand, and reason about the world. Learning how Psychologists compare humanpeople internally thinking to the workings of a comprehend computer, which takes in information and transforms, and represent stores, and retrieves it. They look the outside at this as information world and how processing. our ways of thinking about The common elements that link the world cognitive approaches emphasis influence our on how people understand and behavior. think about the world and an interest in describing the patterns and irregularities in the operation n of their mind.
Humanistic PerspectiveSuggests that all individuals naturally strive to grow,develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior. People will strive to reach Central figures in their full potential if they the development: are given the opportunity - Carl Rogers to do so. - Abraham Maslow The notion of free will sands Emphasis is based on free in contrast to determinism, will, which is the ability to which sees behavior as freely make decisions about caused, or determined, by one’s own behavior and life. things beyond a person’s control.
Neuroscience Cognitive:Perspective: Considershow heredity may Review Focuses on how peopleinfluence behavior,and behavioral think,neuroscience, which understand,examines how the and reasonbrain and the nervous about thesystem affect behavior. world. Behavioral Perspective: In contrast to the neuroscience and psychodynamicPsychodynamic approaches; grew out of a rejection ofPerspective: psychology’s early emphasis on theProponents inner workings of the mind.argued thatbehavior ismotivated by Humanistic Perspective: Suggestsinner forces and that all individuals naturally strive toconflicts about grow, develop, and be in control ofwhich we have their lives and behaviorlittle awareness.