Level 1 Diagram Discerner Co-discernerStimulus Feeling Intellect Will movement perception Perceive judgement Judge Act Sort/Recurse “Weeds among the Wheat”
Essential Qualities of Heart of the Discerner• Humble - because faith situations are often obscure, impeded by sinfulness• Charitable - know your own weakness and sinfulness and capacity for self-deception• Courageous - have the courage to take risk since there is no “certitude”
The How of Discernment• 1. Revelation Time - no doubt about God’s will• 2. Reasoning Time - calm rational analysis, weigh pros & cons• 3. “Second Time” - bring decision to the Lord
St. Ignatius’ Rules for Discernment• First Week - 14 rules - knowledge of self• Second Week - 8 rules - knowledge of God
First Week Rules• Opening up to God in a new way - from servant to friend• A painful awareness of how small a role God played in my life until now• Devil’s way: discourage the beginner• Discernment = gradual & reformable, step by step
Second Week Rules focus on true and false consolation• Consolation = Interior movement aroused in the soul, inflamed with love of Creator & Lord; one sheds tears; increase of faith, hope & love, interior joy, peace & quiet in its Creator & Lord• Desolation=darkness of soul,turmoil of spirit,inclination to low & earthly,restlessness,soul is wholly slothful,tepid,sad,separated, loss of peace
THE EXAMEN• For what moment today am I most grateful?• For what moment today am I least grateful?
Variations of Examen• When did I give & receive • When today did I have the the most love today? greatest sense of• When did I give & receive belonging to the least love today? myself,others,God & the• When did I feel most alive universe? today? • When did I have the least• When did I feel life sense of belonging? draining out of me? • When was I happiest today? • When was I saddest?
Prayer of St. IgnatiusTeach us, good Lord, to serve you as you deserve: to give andnot to count the cost; to fight and not to heed the wounds;to toil and not to seek for rest; to labor and not to ask for anyreward save that of knowing that we do your will.
Prayer of St. FrancisLord, make me an instrument of your peace, where there ishatred, let me sow love; where there is injury, pardon; wherethere is doubt, faith; where there is despair, hope; where thereis darkness, light; and where there is sadness, joy.O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek to be consoledas to console, to be understood as to understand, to be lovedas to love. For it is in giving that we receive, it is in pardoningthat we are pardoned, and it is in dying that we are born toeternal life.
Mother Teresa of CalcuttaSuffering will come, trouble will come --that’s part of life --a sign that you are alive. If you have no suffering and notrouble, the devil is taking it easy. You are in his hand.
Examples of Desolation/Consolation• Genius in our addictions - e.g., Dennis Linnloved to look at nude pictures - but this was transformed into his gift for “transparency”• The risk of adventure of Scott Peck - causedhis infidelity but at the other end made him travel the Road less travelled• These are examples of weeds turning to wheat
Role of Co-DiscernerWe need a co-discerner, an expert, someone more advancedto help us.An example would be: food nutrition. Our parents werenever educated on proper food nutrition. Thus, the highincidence of heart disease. It took knowledge, study, research,and the dissemination of nutrition consciousness by expertsto guide the general public.
The Universal PrayerLord, I believe in you: increase my faith. I trust in you: strengthen my trust. I love you:let me love you more and more. I am sorry for my sins: deepen my sorrow. I worship youas my first beginning. I long for you as my last end, I praise you as my constant helper, andcall on you as my loving protector. Guide me by your wisdom, correct me with your justice,comfort me with your mercy, protect me with your power. I offer you, Lord, my thoughts:to be fixed on you: my words: to have you for their theme; my actions: to reflect my lovefor you: my sufferings: to be endured for your greater glory. I want to do what you ask of me:in the way you ask, for as long as you ask, because you ask it. Lord, enlighten my understand-ing, strengthen my will, purify my heart, and make me holy. Help me to repent of my past sinsand to resist temptation in the future. Help me to rise above my human weakness and to growstronger as a Christian. Let me love you, my Lord and my god, and see myself as I really am:a pilgrim in this world, a Christian called to respect and love all whose lives I touch, those inauthority over me or those under my authority, my friends and my enemies. Help me toconquer anger with gentleness, greed by generosity, apathy by fervor. Help me to forget myselfand reach out toward others. Make me prudent in planning, courageous in taking risks. Makeme patient in suffering, unassuming in prosperity. Keep me, Lord, attentive at prayer, tempe-rate in food and drink, diligent in my work, firm in my good intentions. Let my conscience beclear, my conduct without fault, my speech blameless, life well-ordered. Put me on guardagainst my human weaknesses. Let me cherish your love for me, keep your law, and come atlast to your salvation. Teach me to realize that this world is passing, that my true future is thehappiness of heaven, that life on earth is short, and the life to come eternal. Help me to prepare fordeath with a proper fear of judgment, but a greater trust in your goodness. Lead me safely throughdeath to the endless joy of heaven. Grant this through Christ our Lord. Amen.