Monarchism vs.
Republicanism
Louis Napoleon and the Second
French Republic
 Louis Napoleon- illustrious name
fired the imagination of the French
peopl...
• He was the son of Joseph Bonaparte- the king of
Holland and younger brother of Napoleon the
Great, and Hortense Beauharn...
• 1836- 1840- he was imprisoned in France for his
revolutionary activities.
• 1848- he was elected to the National Assembl...
The Second French Empire
(1852-72)
• President Louis Napoleon- like his illustrious uncle,
coveted power and glory. But he...
Courageous leaders of French
Democracy
• Victor Hugo(poet novalist)
• Adolphe Thiers (historian-
statesman)
• December 2, 1852- Louis Napoleon was
crowned as Napoleon III, Emperor of French.
• 1852-59- the Empire prospered during ...
Achievements
• Commerce and industries expanded
• Agricultural production increased.
• Railroads, roads, and canals were b...
Decline of the Second French Empire
• 1859- Napoleon deserted the Sardinians in
the midst of their war against the Austria...
• Rash declaration of war on Prussia in 1870
• His country and armies then were woefully
unprepared.
• He was defeated and...
The Third French Republic (1870-
1940)
• September 4, 1870- Napoleon III and the
main French army had surrendered in Sedan...
• August 1871- the National Assembly of the
Third French Republic passed the “ Rivet
Law”- authorizing the Assembly to dra...
Three Rival Faction
• Bourbons
• Orleanists
• Bonapartists
1889- monarchists and clerics supported
General Boulanger- who ...
• Dreyfus Affair(1894)- a serious threat to
republic.
• Alfred Dreyfus- a Jewish captain, although
innocent, was convicted...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Monarchism vs

251 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
251
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Monarchism vs

  1. 1. Monarchism vs. Republicanism
  2. 2. Louis Napoleon and the Second French Republic  Louis Napoleon- illustrious name fired the imagination of the French people.  A nephew of Napoleon the Great  1848- elected as a president of the Second French Republic.  Born in 1808 in the palace of the Tuileries in Paris.
  3. 3. • He was the son of Joseph Bonaparte- the king of Holland and younger brother of Napoleon the Great, and Hortense Beauharnais- the daughter Josephine by her first husband. • He was well-educated in academic and military studies, and he was trained since boyhood to uphold the Napoleonic glory. • He spent his youth in Switzerland, Savoy and Germany. • 1831-He joined Carbonari- a revolutionary society in Italy and participated in the unsuccessful uprising in the papal states.
  4. 4. • 1836- 1840- he was imprisoned in France for his revolutionary activities. • 1848- he was elected to the National Assembly, which established the Second French Republic. • He was a clever demagogue and a good actor. He gained the affection of the laborers by mixing with them and raising their wages. • He won the friendship of the Catholics by restoring the privileges of the clergy. • Sending a French army to Rome to save the Pope from an uprising. • Protecting economic interest.
  5. 5. The Second French Empire (1852-72) • President Louis Napoleon- like his illustrious uncle, coveted power and glory. But he did not possess the Napoleonic talent. • Victor Hugo- critical contemporary of Louis Napoleon - a famous writer called him “Napoleon the Little”  December 2, 1851- President Louis Napoleon using the same tactics employed by his great uncle, seized the government by coup d’etat.
  6. 6. Courageous leaders of French Democracy • Victor Hugo(poet novalist) • Adolphe Thiers (historian- statesman)
  7. 7. • December 2, 1852- Louis Napoleon was crowned as Napoleon III, Emperor of French. • 1852-59- the Empire prospered during the early years of his reign.
  8. 8. Achievements • Commerce and industries expanded • Agricultural production increased. • Railroads, roads, and canals were built. • Prosperity kept both capitalists and laborers happy. • Paris regained its role as “ the world’s most beautiful city.” • The magnificent court of the Second Empire was presided over by Empress Eugene- Spanish wife of Napoleon III.
  9. 9. Decline of the Second French Empire • 1859- Napoleon deserted the Sardinians in the midst of their war against the Austrian. • 1865- he also abandoned Archduke Maximillan- the Austrian Prince whom he had helped to overthrow the Mexican Republic and rule Mexico as an emperor. • He withdraw the French forces from Mexico.
  10. 10. • Rash declaration of war on Prussia in 1870 • His country and armies then were woefully unprepared. • He was defeated and captured in Sedan on September 3, 1870.
  11. 11. The Third French Republic (1870- 1940) • September 4, 1870- Napoleon III and the main French army had surrendered in Sedan. • The republicans led by the fiery Leon Gambetta- proclaimed the establishment of the third French Republic. • Adolphe Theirs- the newly elected provisional president, negotiated the Treaty of Funkfort which ended the Fraco- Prussian War.
  12. 12. • August 1871- the National Assembly of the Third French Republic passed the “ Rivet Law”- authorizing the Assembly to draft a constitution for the Republic and conferring on Adolphe Thiers the title of “President of the French Republic”.
  13. 13. Three Rival Faction • Bourbons • Orleanists • Bonapartists 1889- monarchists and clerics supported General Boulanger- who became so popular that he could have overthrown the Republic had been more courageous.
  14. 14. • Dreyfus Affair(1894)- a serious threat to republic. • Alfred Dreyfus- a Jewish captain, although innocent, was convicted by a court-martial and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island off the coast of Guaina. • Emile Zola- ( French novelist) get Dreyfus acquitted.

×