Spanish civil war

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Spanish civil war

  1. 2. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 <ul><li>Carlists [ultra-Catholic monarchists]. </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Falange [fascist] Party. </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchists. </li></ul><ul><li>Anarcho-Syndicalists. </li></ul><ul><li>Basques. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalans. </li></ul><ul><li>Communists. </li></ul><ul><li>Marxists. </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>Socialists. </li></ul>The National Front [Nationalists] The Popular Front [Republicans]
  2. 3. Nationalists Francisco Franco
  3. 4. International Support Check Check
  4. 7. Spain
  5. 8. The Spanish Civil War: A Dress Rehearsal for WW II? Italian troops in Madrid
  6. 9. Pits Fascism vs. Communism: - Hitler backs the Fascist Nationalists, Stalin sends troops to support the Republican government New Warfare Tactics unleashed: - Hitler unleashes Blitkrieg against the Republican Armies, tank divisions supported by infantry soldiers - Sends in the Luftwaffe to bomb the town of Guernica to the ground Closer relationship between Hitler and Mussolini established: - not formally allied at this point, but Mussolini proclaims both Italy and Germany as “Axis” powers - Mussolini hoped that by cooperating with Hitler, Italy would be able to secure its dominance in Southern Europe, while Hitler focused on Northern Europe and defying France and Britain
  7. 10. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Hitler learns Britain and France were not prepared to oppose aggressive military action </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin feels Britain and France may not honour the Locarno Pact and aid Soviet Union if Hitler attacks </li></ul><ul><li>- helps push Stalin to sign with Hitler in mid-1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Italy and Germany pushed closer together </li></ul><ul><li>British opinion now split: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labour party supports rearmament, while the Conservatives (Chamberlain) begin formulating plans of appeasement </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. “ Guernica” by Pablo Picasso

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