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The Statue & The Stone


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The Statue & The Stone

  1. 1. The Statue and the Stone
  2. 2. Throughout the history of the Soviet Union, Communist authorities vigorously enforced the ideology of Marxism/Leninism
  3. 3. and violently persecuted Christianity.
  4. 4. Over 49,000 churches were destroyed
  5. 5. and over 66 million people died in the massacres,
  6. 6. and in the over 1,800 communist concentration camps
  7. 7. which Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn described as the Gulag Archipelago.
  8. 8. GULAG was the acronym for Main Administration of Corrective Labour Camps.
  9. 9. Militant atheism was central to the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  10. 10. Any criticism of atheism, or of the state's anti-religious policies, was forbidden
  11. 11. and could lead to forced retirement, arrest and imprisonment.
  12. 12. Lenin declared that religion is an obstacle to the construction of a communist society and therefore the annihilation of all religion, Annihilation of Christianity
  13. 13. and replacement with atheism, was the most important ideological goal of the state.
  14. 14. Solovetski Island
  15. 15. In 1922, the first prototype Russian concentration camp, was established in the former Orthodox monastery of Solovetsky,
  16. 16. on the Solovetsky Island in the White Sea,
  17. 17. 8 metropolitans, 20 archbishops and 47 bishops of the Orthodox Church were killed.
  18. 18. 95,000 believers were executed by firing squad on Solovki Island.
  19. 19. Murdering Ministers In the first 5 years of the Bolshevik Revolution, 28 bishops and 1,215 priests were executed.
  20. 20. In 1922, another 8,000 priests were killed.
  21. 21. All of this was carried out under Vladimir Lenin, and before the accession to power of Joseph Stalin.
  22. 22. During the purges of 1937 to 1938, 168,300 Russian Orthodox clergy were arrested.
  23. 23. Of these, over 100,000 were shot by the KGB.
  24. 24. A plaque with photos of victims of the Great Purge who were shot at the Butovo firing range near Moscow.
  25. 25. Replacing Churches with Houses of Atheism
  26. 26. The League of the Militant Godless (LMG) failed to receive widespread support from the public despite vast state resources to promote it.
  27. 27. The communist attempt to establish a state church with Houses of scientific Atheism in Russian cities proved a dismal failure.
  28. 28. Eradicating Christianity At the time of the Bolshevik Revolution, 1917, there were 50,000 Orthodox parishes, 1,000 monasteries and 60 Theological colleges in the Russian Empire.
  29. 29. By 1941, less than 200 congregations remained in the Soviet Union and not one single monastery, or seminary remained.
  30. 30. A Resurgence of Faith Yet today, the Orthodox Church in Russia has over 30,000 parishes, 8,000 monasteries and 100 Theological seminaries.
  31. 31. This is not even counting the other denominations in the Russian Federation.
  32. 32. (Operation World identifies 74 Protestant denominations in Russia with almost two million affiliates, 13 Independent denominations, 22 Orthodox denominations, as well as Anglicans and Catholics.)
  33. 33. Christ the Saviour Cathedral Symbolic of the failure of atheism and the triumph of faith in Russia is Christ the Saviour Cathedral.
  34. 34. This cathedral was destroyed in 1931
  35. 35. by the order of Communist dictator, Joseph Stalin.
  36. 36. The cathedral of Christ the Saviour, on the Northern bank of the Moskva River, in Moscow, was built during the 19th century. It took more than 40 years to construct.
  37. 37. In 1931 it was demolished by order of the communist dictator Joseph Stalin.
  38. 38. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built.
  39. 39. Commemorating 1812 The original church was the scene of the 1882 world premiere of the world famous 1812 Overture by Tchaikovsky.
  40. 40. Christ the Saviour Cathedral had been constructed on the initiative of Tsar Alexander I upon the Russian victory
  41. 41. over Napoleon Bonaparte when he retreated from Moscow, 25 December 1812.
  42. 42. The Tsar declared: "To signify our gratitude to Divine providence for saving Russia from the doom that overshadowed her..." the cathedral was to be constructed as a memorial and a testimony to God's saving grace and answer to prayer.
  43. 43. The cathedral was consecrated 26 May 1883,
  44. 44. the day before Alexander III was crowned.
  45. 45. The Gates of Hell Will Not Prevail Joseph Stalin determined to demolish this iconic church.
  46. 46. On 5 December 1931 the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour was dynamited and reduced to rubble.
  47. 47. Reconstruction In February 1990, the Russian Orthodox Church received permission from Boris Yeltsin's government to rebuild the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
  48. 48. Donations were collected from one million Russian citizens and the cathedral was consecrated on 19 August 2000.
  49. 49. In 2000, the cathedral was the venue for the canonization of the Romanovs when the murdered Tsar Nicholas II and his family were recognised as saints.
  50. 50. From Atheism to Orthodox Christianity
  51. 51. The Orthodox Church is now Russia's largest and most important non-governmental organisation.
  52. 52. Church symbols, Christian rituals, moral values and Bible teachings are playing a leading role in shaping national society.
  53. 53. Up to 80% of Russians claim to be Orthodox members and have been baptized.
  54. 54. The Russian Orthodox Church is building 200 new churches in Moscow alone.
  55. 55. In Moscow, about 900m North East of Red Square,
  56. 56. Lubyanka building with statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky – KGB headquarters In Lubyanka Square, a huge statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the Cheka, which later became the KGB, was erected in 1958. The Statue and the Stone
  57. 57. This statue was directly in front of the Lubyanka, the notorious Headquarters of the KGB, wherein many Christians were interrogated, tortured and murdered.
  58. 58. In 1991, the statue of Dzerzhinsky was removed
  59. 59. and a simple stone
  60. 60. from the Solovki Monastery from Solovetski Island,
  61. 61. which had been the first prototype Concentration Camp of the Soviet Union,
  62. 62. The symbolism of the Victory of Christ over Communism is striking.
  63. 63. The Vision of Daniel "But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets… This great image, whose splendour was excellent, stood… a Stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces…
  64. 64. And the Stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth… And in the days of these kings the God of Heaven will set up a Kingdom which shall never be destroyed;
  65. 65. and the Kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever." Daniel 2:28-44
  66. 66. The Lord Jesus Christ declared: "The Stone which the builders rejected has become the chief Cornerstone. Whoever falls on that Stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.“ Luke 20:17-18
  67. 67. "And whoever falls on that Stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder." Matthew 21:44
  68. 68. Family Conference With the Russian government hosting an International Conference on Family and Christian values,
  69. 69. appointing chaplains in the military,
  70. 70. printing Bibles for hotels
  71. 71. and attending services in the cathedral of Christ the Saviour,
  72. 72. the failure of the atheist experiment in Russia is complete.
  73. 73. "On this Rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Matthew 16:18
  74. 74. "Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted, now all these things happened to them as examples, and they are written for our admonition…" 1 Corinthians 10:6-11.