A History of the Protestant Church in China
Three Threes <ul><li>Christianity has come to China three times </li></ul><ul><li>The three “half-centuries” of the modern...
Christianity Comes Three Times <ul><li>Nestorians 635 to 845 </li></ul><ul><li>Matteo Rici 1583 to 1800s </li></ul><ul><li...
Knocking at the Door <ul><li>1800 – 1850 (first 50 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1795 London Missionary Society </li></ul><...
Initial Missionary Activity <ul><li>1850 – 1900 (second 50 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1869:  400 missionaries from more ...
20 th  Century <ul><li>1900 – 1950 (third 50 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1911:  Sun Yatsen’s republican revolution </li><...
The History of the PRC <ul><li>1949 – 1966:  National building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1950:  TSPM as movement </li></ul></u...
The History of the PRC <ul><li>1966 – 1976:  Cultural Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ten years of chaos” </li></ul></u...
The History of the PRC <ul><li>1980: Opening and Reform </li></ul><ul><li>1980: 3 rd  NCCC, formed the China Christian Cou...
Current Situation <ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43 million Bibles printed & distributed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
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A History Of The Protestant Church In China

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A History Of The Protestant Church In China

  1. 1. A History of the Protestant Church in China
  2. 2. Three Threes <ul><li>Christianity has come to China three times </li></ul><ul><li>The three “half-centuries” of the modern period </li></ul><ul><li>Three chapters in the development of the PRC </li></ul>
  3. 3. Christianity Comes Three Times <ul><li>Nestorians 635 to 845 </li></ul><ul><li>Matteo Rici 1583 to 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Morrison 1807 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Knocking at the Door <ul><li>1800 – 1850 (first 50 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1795 London Missionary Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1807 Robert Morrison arrives in Canton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1810 The American Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1812 Emperor’s edict against Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1842 The Opium War </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Initial Missionary Activity <ul><li>1850 – 1900 (second 50 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1869: 400 missionaries from more than 30 different denominations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1870: Local rioters in Tianjin kill 14 French missionaries, many local Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1900: 2,800 missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1900: Boxer Uprising killed 200 missionaries, great numbers of Chinese Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 Western troops crushed the uprising </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 20 th Century <ul><li>1900 – 1950 (third 50 years) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1911: Sun Yatsen’s republican revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1926: China missionaries peaked at 8,235 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1927: Civil war breaks out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1937: Japanese invade China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1949: CPC victorious, China at peace, missionaries required to go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>700,000 baptized Christians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universities, hospitals, orphanages, churches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The History of the PRC <ul><li>1949 – 1966: National building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1950: TSPM as movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1954: 1 st NCCC, TSPM institutionalized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1960: 2 nd NCCC, push for unity </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The History of the PRC <ul><li>1966 – 1976: Cultural Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ten years of chaos” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All religions persecuted, religious literature burned, worship centers closed, clergy imprisoned, believers forced to apostacize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1976: Mao, Zhou Enlai, Chu De died; Tangshan Earthquake – end of the Cultural Revolution </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The History of the PRC <ul><li>1980: Opening and Reform </li></ul><ul><li>1980: 3 rd NCCC, formed the China Christian Council (CCC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recover & reopen churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reopen seminaries & Bible schools, train clergy & church leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print Bibles & other religious materials </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Current Situation <ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43 million Bibles printed & distributed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>55,000 places of worship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4,000 pastors & associates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18 seminaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,800 students enrolled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300 graduate & take churches each year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The work of the Holy Spirit </li></ul>

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