By Dr. Peter Hammond
By Dr. Peter Hammond
Although she was a British
citizen, Emily Hobhouse was
awarded an honorary South
African citizenship because of
her courag...
Emily was born 9 April 1860,
and raised in St. Ive,
in East Cornwall.
Her father was a Church of
England pastor for 51 yea...
Her mother was
the daughter of
Sir. William
Trelawney,
a Member of
Parliament for
East Cornwall.
After her
mother's death,...
Then she travelled to the
United States to undertake
welfare work amongst
miners in Minnesota.
Her engagement to
John Carr...
Emily was involved in social
actions and was a member of
the Women's Industrial
Committee. As the Anglo Boer
War broke out...
In Summer of 1900, she first learned of the hundreds of Boer women
that had become impoverished and driven away from their...
Emily Hobhouse launched the South African Women's and Children's
Distress Fund and travelled to South Africa to deliver ai...
She arrived in Cape Town, 27 December 1900, and began to learn of
concentration camps in Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg, Blo...
As Martial law had been declared over large parts of the Cape Colony,
she needed the permission not only of Lord Milner,
b...
Because of her persistence and perseverance, she finally received
permission to proceed only as far as Bloemfontein.
Emily described arriving at the concentration camp outside
Bloemfontein on 24 January 1901:
Two thousand people had been dumped on the slope
of a kopje with inadequate accommodation, massive
overcrowding of ten to ...
no soap, inadequate water,
no beds, or mattresses,
scarce fuel,
extremely meagre rations, and
(the actual quantity dispens...
all kinds of sicknesses festered in the camp, including: measles,
bronchitis, pneumonia, dysentery and typhoid.
Bloemfontein Concentration Camp - Lizzie van Zyl holding the porcelain doll
given her by Emily Hobhouse
Almost every tent housed one or more sick persons.
When she requested soap for the inmates,
she was told by the authoritie...
As she investigated and interviewed, she wept. She went beyond
Bloemfontein to investigate other concentration camps.
Norvalspont Concentration Camp
The Norvalspont Concentration Camp
Aliwal North
When informed by the Administrator
of the Orange River Colony
that
she showed
"too much personal sympathy",
Emily replied:...
The "Report of a Visit to the Camps of Women and Children in
the Cape and Orange River Colonies" by Emily Hobhouse
was dev...
Children were dying at a rate of 50 a day in these overcrowded and
unhygienic camps. "I call this camp system a wholesale ...
They cry very little and never complain. The very magnitude of
their sufferings, their indignities, loss and anxiety, seem...
coping with some 30 typhoid and other patients… a six month baby
gasping its life out on its mother's knee… A girl of 21 l...
Gysbert Johannes Vermeulen of Dewetsdorp died at the age of twelve
in Bloemfontein Concentration Camp
…already this couple had lost
3 children in the hospital. …
like faded flowers thrown
away… a splendid child
dwindled to s...
but such a sweet little thing… it was still alive this morning; when I called
in the afternoon, they beckoned me in to see...
"To me it seemed a murdered innocent.
In an hour or two after, another child died.
The body of Japie van den Berg outside the tent where he
died, Bloemfontein Concentration Camp
At Springfontein a young lady had to be buried in a sack… it is a curious
position, hollow and rotten to the heart's core,...
whom you call refugees, and say you are protecting,
but who call themselves Prisoners Of War,
compulsorily detained and de...
Those who are suffering most keenly and who have lost most, either of
their children by death, or their possessions by fir...
have the most conspicuous patience and never express a wish that their
men should be the one's to give way. It must be fou...
"It is a very costly business upon which England has embarked,
and even at such a cost, hardly the barest necessities can ...
The Mafikeng camp folk were very surprised to hear that
English women cared about them and their suffering.
It has done them a lot of good to hear that real sympathy is felt for
them at home, and so I am glad I have fought my way ...
Emily Hobhouse campaigned
tirelessly against the cruel
concentration camp system,
the war carried out against
Boer women a...
burning of farm houses, poisoning of wells, slaughtering of herds of
cattle and flocks of sheep, destruction of food suppl...
Boer families tramp towards the Pietermaritzburg Concentration camp.
The grim plight of those held at the Bloemfontein Concentration camp.
Anna Davel and daughter
perform domestic chores
outside their tent.
Children at Bloemfontein Concentration camp carrying water.
Orphans at Norvalspont Concentration Camp.
Orphans - the innocent casualties of war
Map of British
Concentration Camps
in South Africa
The interior of the ruined Dutch Reforned Church, Ventersburg –
burned by British forces.
On the night of 2 Feb 1902 a British column burnt down
the church in Lindley.
An outpouring of revulsion in England spurred the government to
at last improve conditions in the camps.
One of the first successes of Emily Hobhouse's campaign was that
soap began to be issued amongst the meagre rations
and co...
Rev. Charles Aked, a Baptist minister in Liverpool, declared
on Sunday, 22 December 1901:
"Great Britain
cannot win the
battles without
resorting to the
last despicable
cowardice of
the most
loathsome cur
on eart...
This cowardly war has been conducted by methods of barbarism…
the concentration camps have been murder camps."
The Body of Miss Botha of Ladybrand. 18 years old when she died in Bloemfontien.
It was her wish that the Vierkleur be dra...
Emily Hobhouse wrote that she could not forgive
"crass male ignorance, helplessness and muddling…
I rub as much salt into ...
Emily Hobhouse received scathing criticism and hostility from the British
government, and many in the media, upon her retu...
Vryheid district - Dynamiting the house
of Gen. Louis Botha on 28 August 1901
However, the opposition leader,
Sir Henry Campbell-Ballerman,
denounced the methods of
barbarism
and forced the government...
Although Emily Hobhouse was not allowed to be part of the
commission, and upon her return to Cape Town in October 1901,
sh...
She moved to France to write the book: The Brunt of the War and
Where it Fell, which mobilised even more outrage and actio...
In spite of fierce opposition from the British newspapers supporting the
government's war, Emily continued to address publ...
The ruined church at Lindley,
watercolour by Emily Hobhouse
Ravaged farmhouse west of Bloemfontein
watercolour by Emily Hobhouse
Middleburg concentration camp cemetery
watercolor by Emily Hobhouse
There is no doubt that
the initiatives and
energetic actions of
Emily Hobhouse
shortened the war and
saved countless lives...
Emily Hobhouse's courageous
campaign to speak up for the
forgotten Boer women and
children, who had been
brutally treated,...
It also forced the government to offer massive concessions to the Boer
forces, which led to the Boers regaining control ov...
The first Prime Ministers of the Union of South Africa were all
Boer generals: General Louis Botha, General Jan Smuts
and ...
The aftermath of war - The ruins of the once proud farmhouse of Jan Gildenhuis
Emily Hobhouse returned to South Africa in 1903 to set up Boer home
industries, teaching young women spinning and weaving.
Through her efforts, 27
schools were established
in the Transvaal and the
Orange Free State.
She travelled to South Africa again in 1913 for the Inauguration
of the National Women's Monument in Bloemfontein,
but had...
The imposing twin towers of the Bloemfontein Church in which Dominee Andrew
Murray held the inaugural service for the Monu...
Mrs. Tibbie Steyn - wife of
president M T Steyn of the OFS
read out Emily Hobhouses speech
In the 1938 Great Trek commemoration, wagons from throughout the country stopped at the
Women's Monument as part of their ...
Emily Hobhouse was also an avid opponent of the First World War
and vigorously protested against it.
Emily Hobhouse authored the Open Christmas Letter calling for
peace.
101 British women signed Emily's Open Christmas Letter which was
endorsed by 155 prominent German and Austrian women in re...
Under the heading:
"On Earth Peace, Goodwill
towards Men",
Emily Hobhouse wrote:
"Sisters: The Christmas message
sounds li...
She mentioned that
"as in South Africa during the
Anglo Boer War (1899-1902),
the brunt of modern war falls
upon non-comba...
"Is it not our mission
to preserve life?
Do not humanity
and common sense alike
prompt us to join hands
with the women…
an...
The German Mothers responded: "To our English Sisters, sisters of the
same race, our warm and heartfelt thanks for Christm...
devotion, and love to their country, can go beyond it and maintain true
solidarity with the women of other belligerent nat...
Numerous ministers were proclaiming from the pulpit: "That the guns
may fall silent at least upon the night when the Angel...
Although these messages
were officially rebuffed,
and supressed
in the heavily censored
media, many of the
soldiers in the...
Emily Hobhouse also oversaw the raising of funds and shipping of food
and medicines
to the women and children of Germany and Austria
who were suffering as a result of the English Naval blockade.
Through her efforts thousands of women and children
starving in Germany and Austria,
because of the British naval blockades,
were fed by the support she was able to channel to them.
Emily Hobhouse's remains are buried in a niche in the National
Women's Monument at Bloemfontein.
The ashes of Emily Hobhouse are
buried at the foot of the
Monument in 1926.
The funeral of President MT Steyn at the Monument
on 3 December 1916 with General de Wet delivering a speech.
Prime Minister Hertzog speaks
at the opening of The War Museum
of the Boer Republics
on 30 September 1930
Women in Voortrekker constumes at the Monument -
commemoration service, 16 December 1930.
War veteran & Chaplain of the
old Republic - Dominee J.D.
Kestell - was buried at the foot
of the Women's Monument
in 1941
The Southernmost town in Eastern Orange Free State is named Hobhouse.
One of the South African Navy's submarines was
named the SAS Emily Hobhouse.
“For God has
not give us a
spirit of fear,
but of power
and of love
and of a
sound mind."
2 Timothy 1:7
REFORMATION SOCIETY
Dr. Peter Hammond
PO Box 74
Newlands, 7725
Cape Town
South Africa
E-mail:
info@ReformationSA.org
Web:
...
Frontline Fellowship
PO Box 74
Newlands
7725
Cape Town
South Africa
E-mail: admin@frontline.org.za
Web: www.frontline.org....
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Emily Hobhouse

  1. 1. By Dr. Peter Hammond
  2. 2. By Dr. Peter Hammond
  3. 3. Although she was a British citizen, Emily Hobhouse was awarded an honorary South African citizenship because of her courageous and sacrificial actions, which exposed the cruelty of the concentration camps during the Anglo Boer War (1899-1902).
  4. 4. Emily was born 9 April 1860, and raised in St. Ive, in East Cornwall. Her father was a Church of England pastor for 51 years.
  5. 5. Her mother was the daughter of Sir. William Trelawney, a Member of Parliament for East Cornwall. After her mother's death, Emily cared for her father until his death in 1895.
  6. 6. Then she travelled to the United States to undertake welfare work amongst miners in Minnesota. Her engagement to John Carr Jackson was broken off in 1898, and she returned to England.
  7. 7. Emily was involved in social actions and was a member of the Women's Industrial Committee. As the Anglo Boer War broke out October 1899, she joined the South African Conciliation Committee. As Secretary, she organised protest meetings against the war.
  8. 8. In Summer of 1900, she first learned of the hundreds of Boer women that had become impoverished and driven away from their homes.
  9. 9. Emily Hobhouse launched the South African Women's and Children's Distress Fund and travelled to South Africa to deliver aid to the Boer women and children, who were suffering because of the war.
  10. 10. She arrived in Cape Town, 27 December 1900, and began to learn of concentration camps in Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg, Bloemfontein, Potchefstroom, Norvalspont, Kroonstad, Irene and elsewhere.
  11. 11. As Martial law had been declared over large parts of the Cape Colony, she needed the permission not only of Lord Milner, but of General Kitchener, to visit these camps.
  12. 12. Because of her persistence and perseverance, she finally received permission to proceed only as far as Bloemfontein.
  13. 13. Emily described arriving at the concentration camp outside Bloemfontein on 24 January 1901:
  14. 14. Two thousand people had been dumped on the slope of a kopje with inadequate accommodation, massive overcrowding of ten to twelve people in a tent,
  15. 15. no soap, inadequate water, no beds, or mattresses, scarce fuel, extremely meagre rations, and (the actual quantity dispensed, fell short of the amount prescribed, it simply meant famine.)
  16. 16. all kinds of sicknesses festered in the camp, including: measles, bronchitis, pneumonia, dysentery and typhoid.
  17. 17. Bloemfontein Concentration Camp - Lizzie van Zyl holding the porcelain doll given her by Emily Hobhouse
  18. 18. Almost every tent housed one or more sick persons. When she requested soap for the inmates, she was told by the authorities that soap was "a luxury!"
  19. 19. As she investigated and interviewed, she wept. She went beyond Bloemfontein to investigate other concentration camps.
  20. 20. Norvalspont Concentration Camp
  21. 21. The Norvalspont Concentration Camp
  22. 22. Aliwal North
  23. 23. When informed by the Administrator of the Orange River Colony that she showed "too much personal sympathy", Emily replied: "That was the precise reason why I came out – to show personal sympathy and to render assistance in cases of personal afflictions."
  24. 24. The "Report of a Visit to the Camps of Women and Children in the Cape and Orange River Colonies" by Emily Hobhouse was devastating:
  25. 25. Children were dying at a rate of 50 a day in these overcrowded and unhygienic camps. "I call this camp system a wholesale cruelty… to keep these camps going is murder to the children… the women are wonderful.
  26. 26. They cry very little and never complain. The very magnitude of their sufferings, their indignities, loss and anxiety, seems to lift them beyond tears… the nurse, underfed and overworked…
  27. 27. coping with some 30 typhoid and other patients… a six month baby gasping its life out on its mother's knee… A girl of 21 lay dying on a stretcher… The mother watching a child of 6, also dying.
  28. 28. Gysbert Johannes Vermeulen of Dewetsdorp died at the age of twelve in Bloemfontein Concentration Camp
  29. 29. …already this couple had lost 3 children in the hospital. … like faded flowers thrown away… a splendid child dwindled to skin and bone… a baby so weak it was past recovery… it was only three months,
  30. 30. but such a sweet little thing… it was still alive this morning; when I called in the afternoon, they beckoned me in to see the tiny thing laid out…
  31. 31. "To me it seemed a murdered innocent. In an hour or two after, another child died.
  32. 32. The body of Japie van den Berg outside the tent where he died, Bloemfontein Concentration Camp
  33. 33. At Springfontein a young lady had to be buried in a sack… it is a curious position, hollow and rotten to the heart's core, to have made all over the state, large uncomfortable communities of people,
  34. 34. whom you call refugees, and say you are protecting, but who call themselves Prisoners Of War, compulsorily detained and detesting your protection.
  35. 35. Those who are suffering most keenly and who have lost most, either of their children by death, or their possessions by fire and sword, such as those re-concentrated women in the camps,
  36. 36. have the most conspicuous patience and never express a wish that their men should be the one's to give way. It must be fought out now, to the bitter end.
  37. 37. "It is a very costly business upon which England has embarked, and even at such a cost, hardly the barest necessities can be provided, and no comforts.
  38. 38. The Mafikeng camp folk were very surprised to hear that English women cared about them and their suffering.
  39. 39. It has done them a lot of good to hear that real sympathy is felt for them at home, and so I am glad I have fought my way here, if only for that reason."
  40. 40. Emily Hobhouse campaigned tirelessly against the cruel concentration camp system, the war carried out against Boer women and children, the scorched earth campaigns,
  41. 41. burning of farm houses, poisoning of wells, slaughtering of herds of cattle and flocks of sheep, destruction of food supplies, and incarceration of civilians in concentration camps.
  42. 42. Boer families tramp towards the Pietermaritzburg Concentration camp.
  43. 43. The grim plight of those held at the Bloemfontein Concentration camp.
  44. 44. Anna Davel and daughter perform domestic chores outside their tent.
  45. 45. Children at Bloemfontein Concentration camp carrying water.
  46. 46. Orphans at Norvalspont Concentration Camp.
  47. 47. Orphans - the innocent casualties of war
  48. 48. Map of British Concentration Camps in South Africa
  49. 49. The interior of the ruined Dutch Reforned Church, Ventersburg – burned by British forces.
  50. 50. On the night of 2 Feb 1902 a British column burnt down the church in Lindley.
  51. 51. An outpouring of revulsion in England spurred the government to at last improve conditions in the camps.
  52. 52. One of the first successes of Emily Hobhouse's campaign was that soap began to be issued amongst the meagre rations and conditions began to improve in the camps.
  53. 53. Rev. Charles Aked, a Baptist minister in Liverpool, declared on Sunday, 22 December 1901:
  54. 54. "Great Britain cannot win the battles without resorting to the last despicable cowardice of the most loathsome cur on earth – the act of striking a brave man's heart through his wife's honour and his child's life!
  55. 55. This cowardly war has been conducted by methods of barbarism… the concentration camps have been murder camps."
  56. 56. The Body of Miss Botha of Ladybrand. 18 years old when she died in Bloemfontien. It was her wish that the Vierkleur be draped around her chest after her death.
  57. 57. Emily Hobhouse wrote that she could not forgive "crass male ignorance, helplessness and muddling… I rub as much salt into the sore places in their minds…"
  58. 58. Emily Hobhouse received scathing criticism and hostility from the British government, and many in the media, upon her return to Britain.
  59. 59. Vryheid district - Dynamiting the house of Gen. Louis Botha on 28 August 1901
  60. 60. However, the opposition leader, Sir Henry Campbell-Ballerman, denounced the methods of barbarism and forced the government to set up the Fawcett Commission to investigate her claims.
  61. 61. Although Emily Hobhouse was not allowed to be part of the commission, and upon her return to Cape Town in October 1901, she was not permitted to land and was deported, her reports continued to circulate.
  62. 62. She moved to France to write the book: The Brunt of the War and Where it Fell, which mobilised even more outrage and action. The Fawcett Commission confirmed Emily Hobhouse's reports.
  63. 63. In spite of fierce opposition from the British newspapers supporting the government's war, Emily continued to address public meetings about the plight of women and children in South Africa.
  64. 64. The ruined church at Lindley, watercolour by Emily Hobhouse
  65. 65. Ravaged farmhouse west of Bloemfontein watercolour by Emily Hobhouse
  66. 66. Middleburg concentration camp cemetery watercolor by Emily Hobhouse
  67. 67. There is no doubt that the initiatives and energetic actions of Emily Hobhouse shortened the war and saved countless lives. She also gave hope to mothers who had lost all hope.
  68. 68. Emily Hobhouse's courageous campaign to speak up for the forgotten Boer women and children, who had been brutally treated, played a major role in undermining popular British support for the war.
  69. 69. It also forced the government to offer massive concessions to the Boer forces, which led to the Boers regaining control over their country through the Union of South Africa in 1910.
  70. 70. The first Prime Ministers of the Union of South Africa were all Boer generals: General Louis Botha, General Jan Smuts and General James Hertzog.
  71. 71. The aftermath of war - The ruins of the once proud farmhouse of Jan Gildenhuis
  72. 72. Emily Hobhouse returned to South Africa in 1903 to set up Boer home industries, teaching young women spinning and weaving.
  73. 73. Through her efforts, 27 schools were established in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State.
  74. 74. She travelled to South Africa again in 1913 for the Inauguration of the National Women's Monument in Bloemfontein, but had to stop at Beaufort West, due to ill health.
  75. 75. The imposing twin towers of the Bloemfontein Church in which Dominee Andrew Murray held the inaugural service for the Monument on 16 December 1913.
  76. 76. Mrs. Tibbie Steyn - wife of president M T Steyn of the OFS read out Emily Hobhouses speech
  77. 77. In the 1938 Great Trek commemoration, wagons from throughout the country stopped at the Women's Monument as part of their journey to the north
  78. 78. Emily Hobhouse was also an avid opponent of the First World War and vigorously protested against it.
  79. 79. Emily Hobhouse authored the Open Christmas Letter calling for peace.
  80. 80. 101 British women signed Emily's Open Christmas Letter which was endorsed by 155 prominent German and Austrian women in response.
  81. 81. Under the heading: "On Earth Peace, Goodwill towards Men", Emily Hobhouse wrote: "Sisters: The Christmas message sounds like mockery to a world at war, but those of us who wished, and still wish, for peace, may surely offer a solemn greeting to such of you who feel as we do."
  82. 82. She mentioned that "as in South Africa during the Anglo Boer War (1899-1902), the brunt of modern war falls upon non-combatants, and the conscience of the world cannot bear the sight."
  83. 83. "Is it not our mission to preserve life? Do not humanity and common sense alike prompt us to join hands with the women… and urge our rulers to stave off further bloodshed?... May Christmas hasten that day…"
  84. 84. The German Mothers responded: "To our English Sisters, sisters of the same race, our warm and heartfelt thanks for Christmas greetings… women of the belligerent countries, with all faithfulness,
  85. 85. devotion, and love to their country, can go beyond it and maintain true solidarity with the women of other belligerent nations, that really civilised women never lose their humanity…"
  86. 86. Numerous ministers were proclaiming from the pulpit: "That the guns may fall silent at least upon the night when the Angels sang."
  87. 87. Although these messages were officially rebuffed, and supressed in the heavily censored media, many of the soldiers in the frontlines seemed to share these sentiments.
  88. 88. Emily Hobhouse also oversaw the raising of funds and shipping of food and medicines
  89. 89. to the women and children of Germany and Austria
  90. 90. who were suffering as a result of the English Naval blockade.
  91. 91. Through her efforts thousands of women and children starving in Germany and Austria,
  92. 92. because of the British naval blockades,
  93. 93. were fed by the support she was able to channel to them.
  94. 94. Emily Hobhouse's remains are buried in a niche in the National Women's Monument at Bloemfontein.
  95. 95. The ashes of Emily Hobhouse are buried at the foot of the Monument in 1926.
  96. 96. The funeral of President MT Steyn at the Monument on 3 December 1916 with General de Wet delivering a speech.
  97. 97. Prime Minister Hertzog speaks at the opening of The War Museum of the Boer Republics on 30 September 1930
  98. 98. Women in Voortrekker constumes at the Monument - commemoration service, 16 December 1930.
  99. 99. War veteran & Chaplain of the old Republic - Dominee J.D. Kestell - was buried at the foot of the Women's Monument in 1941
  100. 100. The Southernmost town in Eastern Orange Free State is named Hobhouse.
  101. 101. One of the South African Navy's submarines was named the SAS Emily Hobhouse.
  102. 102. “For God has not give us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind." 2 Timothy 1:7
  103. 103. REFORMATION SOCIETY Dr. Peter Hammond PO Box 74 Newlands, 7725 Cape Town South Africa E-mail: info@ReformationSA.org Web: www.ReformationSA.org
  104. 104. Frontline Fellowship PO Box 74 Newlands 7725 Cape Town South Africa E-mail: admin@frontline.org.za Web: www.frontline.org.za

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