Teerakunpisut 7422


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Teerakunpisut 7422

  1. 1. A Study of Local People Knowledge on Non Timber Product Utilization and Transformation to Local Productions Jiranan Teerakunpisut Kasetsart University Nantana Gajaseni Chulalongkorn University Oratai Neamsuvan Chulalongkorn University
  2. 3. Objectives of the study <ul><li>To investigate on the method of use and indication of ethnically important NTFPs species prevailing in Thong Pha Phum National Park </li></ul>
  3. 4. Methodology
  4. 5. Fig. 1 The study was located at Huai Khayeng Subdistrict, Thong Pha Phum District, Kanchanaburi province
  5. 6. Fig. 2 The research was regarded the various ethnic groups with large numbers of different cultural beliefs and histories residing within its geographical borders living in rural village at the border of Thong Pha Phum National Park.
  6. 7. <ul><li>Fig. 3 Most local people belong to families which still had a strong connection with traditional way of life and practising agriculture for their day-to-day needs. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Fig. 4 A total of 52 Elders were well known as knowledgeable people participated in the study. 73 % 7.7 % 7.7 % 5.8 % 5.8 %
  8. 9. <ul><li>Fig. 5 A forest survey was done provided information on NTFPs used. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Results & Discussions
  10. 11. Table I NTFPs categories identified in the field 14 Weaving and handicraft products 28 Wild animal and fish 41 Edible fruits and vegetables 49 Medicinal plants Number of species used NTEP use category
  11. 12. Medicinal Plants
  12. 13. Table II Common herbs that healers tend to use and transform these raw material to local medicine Fruit Ta suea MELIACEAE Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.)R.Parker T Rhizome Khing ZINGIBERACEAE Zingiber officinale Roscoe H Rhizome Kra chai ZINGIBERACEAE Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf .H Leaves Khi lek LEGUMINOSAE Siamese cassia Leaves Ya khat- mon MALVACEAE Sida acuta Burm.f. Parts used Local name Family Botanical name
  13. 14. Table II (Cont.) Root, stem Do mai ru lom COMPOSITAE Elephantopus scaber L. H All parts Non tai yak STEMONACEAE Stemona tuberose Lour. HC Fresh fruit Yo RUBIACEAE Morinda citrifolia L. ST All parts Wild banana ANNONACEAE Polyalthia sclerophylla Hook.f.&Thomson T Root Rayom- luang APOCYNACEAE Rauvolfia cambodiana Pierre ex Pit. S Parts used Local name Family Botanical name
  14. 15. Fig. 6 most parts of Polyalthia sclerophylla Hook.f.&Thomson T are able to use for medicine Latex appliesd externally to cure wounds Unripe banana get relief from stomach wounds Ripe banana laxative Banana leaf relief itchy skin Banana blossom cure diabetes Banana root reduce heat in the body
  15. 16. Fig. 6 Lao elixir formula to protect aging and some disease and taken to strengthen the body compose of fresh fruit of Morinda citrifolia L. ST which is crushed and mixed with crushed fruit of Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R.Parker T then add honey bee and mix them together
  16. 17. Fig. 7 For Thai elixir recipe, the juice that squeeze from crushed leaves of Siamese cassia mixed between with the juice of crushed leaves of Sida acuta Burm.f. along with the juice of rhizome of Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf . H and Zingiber officinale Roscoe H . Then added honey bee and pickled in rice whisky for 1 week
  17. 18. Food Plants and Animals
  18. 19. Table III most collected species as food from this area and transform to local products. - Consume fresh fruit - Fermented Fruit Niang MIMOSACEAE Archidendron jiringa (Jack) I.C. Nielsen - Fried with shrimp or pork - Spicy soup All parts Termite mushroom AGARICACEAE Termitomyces fuliginosus Heim. - Consume fresh fruit - Fermented Fruit Niang MIMOSACEAE Archidendron jiringa (Jack) I.C. Nielsen Sour soup Young leave and stem Phak nam ARACEAE Lasia spinosa (L.) Thw. Fermented Young leave and stem Phak sian CAPPARACEAE Cleome gynandra Linn. Method use Parts of use Local name Family Botanical name
  19. 20. Fig. 9 Termite mushroom, a symbiotic fungus found in tropical Africa and Asia, is famous NTFPs and they are highly valued
  20. 21. Fig . 10 A. white nodules on the fungus comb B. termite mushroom was formation on the fungus comb
  21. 22. Fig. 11 Wild edible plants constitute an important part of the diet Cleome gynandra Linn. Archidendron jiringa (Jack) I.C. Nielsen
  22. 23. Fig. 12 Local market, NTFPs play a greater role in the local economy.
  23. 24. Table III (Continue) The main method of transforming to local food products are fermentation and dried out, respectively to prolong of these NTFPs Fermented Bamboo shoot Phai rai POACEAE Gigantochloa albociliata Fermented Bamboo shoot Phai ruak POACEAE Thysostachys siamensis Camble Fermented Bamboo shoot Phai bong POACEAE Bambusa natans Wall. B Fermented Bamboo shoot Phai nam GRAMINEAE Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss B Method use Parts of use Local name Family Botanical name
  24. 25. Fig. 13 Fresh bamboo shoot and fermented bamboo shoot products
  25. 26. Table III (Continue) - Sour soup - Ant egg salad Red ant FORMICCIDAE Oecophylla smaragdina -mixed in food, medicine eat as jam with bread Apis bee APIDAE Apis dorsata - Fried Khi khawi beetle SCARABAEIDAE Heliocopris dominus - Fried Cricket GRYLLIDAE Acheta testacea - Fried Tadpole RANIDAE Fejervarya limnocharis - Grilled, fried - Frog curry Frog RANIDAE Hoplobatrachus rugulosus Method use Local name Family Botanical name
  26. 27. Oecophylla smaragdina Apis dorsata Heliocopris dominus Hoplobatrachus rugulosus Fig. 14 Some NTFPs in animal groups and products
  27. 28. Fig. 15 Animals are mostly transformed to local food by fermentation, drying out, deep fry and roast to prolong of these NTFPs and used them as ingredient in curry, spicy soup, sour soup or side dishes
  28. 29. Fig. 16 estimation of NTFPs value in Thong Pha Phum forest
  29. 30. Plants for Construction and Handicrafts
  30. 31. Table IV: Construction and handicraft plants preferred by the local people - Bamboo table Phai ruak POACEAE Thysostachys siamensis - Roof of hut Phai pa POACEAE Bambusa arundinacea Wild. Partition of hut, chicken coop and nest, floating basket (for keeping fish in water), rice milling tool, bamboo fish trap with a narrow neck, bamboo chicken trap, Phai -phak POACEAE Gigantochloa albociliata Kurz. Use as Local name Family Name
  31. 32. Gigantochloa albociliata Kurz. Fig. 17 traditional bamboo products
  32. 33. Fig. 18 Traditional bamboo tools for fish trap
  33. 34. Fig. 19 Bamboo instrument for catch wild chicken
  34. 35. Fig. 20 An old Thai man and local products transformed Gigantochloa albociliata Kurz. ; chicken coop, streaming pot for cook sticky rice, bow
  35. 36. Fig. 21 Traditional bamboo local products ( Gigantochloa albociliata)
  36. 37. Fig. 22 Local products transformed Thysostachys siamensis ; furniture, partition of hut, use as an axial wood of grass roof to maintain the shape of roof
  37. 38. Table IV (Continue) Broom Ya khat mon MALVACEAE Sida acuta Burm.f. Roof of the hut Kho ARECACEAE Livistona speciosa Kurz. Broom Feathergrass POACEAE Thysanolaena maxima ( Roxb. ) Kuntze. Chair , Shelf, Table Rattan ARECACEAE Calamus sp. Roof of the hut , hat Vetiver grass POACEAE Vetiveria zizanoides Nash. Roof of the hut Cogongrass POACEAE Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. Use as Local name Family Name
  38. 39. Fig. 23 Traditional congo grass products ( Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. )
  39. 40. Fig. 24 Burmese community and NTFPs transformation to products
  40. 41. Fig. 25 Karen tend to use Livistona speciosa Kurz. as main material for the roof of the hut
  41. 42. Vetiveria zizanoides Nash. Fig. 26 Traditional vetiver grass roof, Thai woman is weaving a fresh vetiver grass hat
  42. 43. Table IV (Continue) - Stem - Mortar Daeng LEGUMINOSAE Xylia xylocarpa - Bark - Stem - Chiyo (ingredient in tobacco) - Chopping block,Charcoal Ma kham CAESALPINIA- CEAE   Tamarindus indica  L. Parts used Use as Local name Family Name
  43. 44. Fig. 27 Traditional charcoal from tamarind wood
  44. 45. Fig. 28 Pipe tobacco ingredient products, Chiyo
  45. 46. Conclusion
  46. 47. <ul><li>The collected or produced NTFPs from Thong Pha Phum forest can be sold in different forms through local markets. </li></ul><ul><li>There was an increasing demand for NTFPs based natural products in domestic as well as international market. </li></ul>
  47. 48. Thank you for your attention