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Chapter 4 section 1 vocab


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Chapter 4 section 1 vocab

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Section 1 The Early Greeks
  2. 2. People <ul><li>Agamemnon- </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenaean king who won the Trojan War </li></ul><ul><li>Dorians- </li></ul><ul><li>Greek-speaking people who lived in the northern mountains of Greece; brought iron weapons with them </li></ul>
  3. 3. Places <ul><li>Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>largest sea located between the continents of Africa, Europe, and Asia, it served as a trade route for the Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>Crete </li></ul><ul><li>Minoan civilization was located here, on this island southeast of the Greek mainland </li></ul>
  4. 4. Places <ul><li>Mycenae </li></ul><ul><li>ancient city in Greece, home of one of the first civilizations of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Peloponnesus </li></ul><ul><li>southern peninsula of Greece; Sparta is located on this peninsula </li></ul>
  5. 5. Define <ul><li>Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides </li></ul><ul><li>Colony </li></ul><ul><li>a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to its homeland </li></ul><ul><li>Polis </li></ul><ul><li>Greek city-state, or the town and the surrounding countryside </li></ul>
  6. 6. Define <ul><li>Agora </li></ul><ul><li>open area or marketplace </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>members of a political community who treat each other as equals and who have rights and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Hoplite </li></ul><ul><li>ordinary citizens who served as soldiers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Define <ul><li>acropolis </li></ul><ul><li>fortified area, usually at the top of a hill that provided a safe refuge in case of attacks </li></ul>
  8. 8. How did the geography discourage Greek unity? <ul><li>Mountains and seas divided them from one another. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What were some explanations about the fall of the Minoans. <ul><li>Undersea earthquakes caused giant waves that washed the civilization away </li></ul><ul><li>The cities were destroyed by the Mycenaeans </li></ul>
  10. 10. What was the Dark Age? What changes took place in Greece during this time? <ul><li>The years between 1100 and 750 BCE, after the Mycenaean civilization collapsed. People forgot how to read and write and the population shifted and moved to different areas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. How did new colonies affect industry in Greece? <ul><li>The growth of colonies allowed for more trade, leading to more specialization. (I.e., areas w/ large amounts of clay specialized in pottery.) </li></ul>
  12. 12. List the requirements needed to be a citizen of Greece <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Native-born </li></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul><ul><li>(land-owning in some city-states) </li></ul>
  13. 13. How did citizenship make the Greeks different from other ancient peoples? <ul><li>Other peoples had no rights, no say in government, and no choice but to obey their rulers. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why did the use of money help trade to grow? <ul><li>Rather than needing other goods in order to trade, you only needed currency, which was more portable than carrying other goods. </li></ul>