Brave New World & Computer Technology of the Future

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Brave New World & Computer Technology of the Future. Mr. Goldstein's 2nd Period AP English Language Class.

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Brave New World & Computer Technology of the Future

  1. 1. Brave New World<br />Eamon O’Brien Dimitri Haber Gerard Sim<br />Chad Nevin Michael Hefner<br />
  2. 2. A Brief Overview<br /><ul><li>Aldous Huxley’s fifth novel (1932)
  3. 3. Huxley was fascinated with science and had a knack for satirical pieces
  4. 4. His partial blindness influenced his writing
  5. 5. Setting: English dystopian society controlled by a totalitarian government by means of technology
  6. 6. Overall theme: the negatives implications of technology </li></li></ul><li>World State<br /><ul><li>The World State is the form of government that governs just about the entire earth
  7. 7. 10 World Controllers; Mustapha Mond
  8. 8. Motto: “Community, Identity, Stability”
  9. 9. Its calendar starts at the year 1908 as it was the first year that Henry Ford’s Model T was produced
  10. 10. Religion has been wiped out and people replaced Ford’s name with the Lord’s; ex. “Our Ford”</li></li></ul><li>Castes and Reproduction<br /><ul><li> People in this society are not born sexually, but rather, asexually in the Central London Hatching Center; “Parents” = bad word
  11. 11. Bokanovsky and Podsnap Processes
  12. 12. These processes can produce identical embryos
  13. 13. Each embryo is conditioned to belong to a certain caste in society
  14. 14. Alpha,Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon
  15. 15. Alpha is the highest, while Epsilon is lowest
  16. 16. Remedial jobs for Epsilons, higher level jobs for Alphas, etc. </li></li></ul><li>Conditioning<br /><ul><li>Conditioning Practices
  17. 17. Hypnopaedia: sleep teaching that gets adages engrained in citizens’ minds and morals
  18. 18. Sexual Play: meant to eliminate relationships and instead make sex out to be a mere activity
  19. 19. Pavlovian Conditioning: an electric shock is associated with books or flowers
  20. 20. Ideals of Society
  21. 21. No questioning; just doing
  22. 22. Hedonistic lifestyles; sex, feelies, etc.
  23. 23. “Everyone belongs to everyone else”</li></li></ul><li>Hedonistic Lifestyle<br /><ul><li>Activities
  24. 24. Sex: citizens “have” others constantly, often for only a couple of weeks
  25. 25. Feelies: “4-D” movies that allow the viewer to feel
  26. 26. Savage Reservations: a coveted destination is the Savage Reservation, which houses “uncivilized” people
  27. 27. Soma: a drug that relieves citizens of pain, worry, etc.; “a gram is better than a damn”
  28. 28. Solidarity Services: a cup of soma is passed around at a table and the drinkers claim that the “Greater Being” is coming; ends in an orgy</li></li></ul><li>Plot Summary<br /><ul><li>Lenina and Bernard Marx
  29. 29. Lenina accompanies Bernard Marx on a trip to the Savage Reservation in New Mexico
  30. 30. Everyone on the reservation is aged and ill, in contrast to the World State where chemicals have been developed to eliminate aging
  31. 31. John is a resident of the reservation and was raised by a woman named Linda, who was the woman that the director of the CLH took 20 years prior
  32. 32. Bernard gets permission to take John and Linda to the “New World”
  33. 33. Bernard is threatened by the director of CLH to be exiled to Iceland for his “odd” behavior</li></li></ul><li>Plot Summary (Cont.)<br /><ul><li>Bernarnd turns the tables on the director by introducing him to his child and calling him a father
  34. 34. Lenina becomes fascinated by the Savage, John, and attempts to seduce him; John is disgusted
  35. 35. Linda, after returning from the Reservation, goes on a “soma” holiday and ends up dying because of an overdose of soma
  36. 36. John starts a riot after disrupting a soma distribution; results in his arrest along with Bernard, and Hemholtz
  37. 37. Bernarnd and Hemholtz are exiled, while John moves into a lighthouse
  38. 38. John is watched by citizens and later engages in an orgy; he hangs himself out of humility</li></li></ul><li>Character List<br /><ul><li>John: a savage from the Reservation who found himself alienated there and in the New World
  39. 39. Bernarnd Marx: an Alpha with the phenotype of a lower caste; finds himself alienated because of this; enjoys popularity for bringing John to World State
  40. 40. Hemholtz Watson: an Alpha teacher who “thinks too much”; dislikes the World State like Bernard ; writer
  41. 41. LeninaCrowne: dates Foster, Marx, and is attracted to John; her morals reflect those of the typical citizen
  42. 42. Mustapha Mond: the World Controller of W. Europe; used to be interested in arts, books, etc. but gave it up for stability
  43. 43. Linda: John’s mother who used to live in the World State but was left on a Savage Reservation by The Director; ends up overdosing on soma</li></li></ul><li>Warnings<br /><ul><li> Dangers of Government
  44. 44. The government of BNW does not use force or torture to enforce its values, but instead resorts to technology
  45. 45. Government uses positive reinforcement and keeps its citizens in a state of “happiness”
  46. 46. A mix of capitalism and communism
  47. 47. Dangers of Technology
  48. 48. Technology allows the government to control nearly every aspect of society</li></li></ul><li>Main Points to Leave With<br /><ul><li> Dystopian Society
  49. 49. Government controls every faucet of life
  50. 50. Citizens think they are in a Utopia, but they are not
  51. 51. Hedonistic Society
  52. 52. Citizens merely think about pleasing themselves
  53. 53. Sex, feelies, etc.
  54. 54. No one thinks in the society, but merely “does”
  55. 55. Alienation
  56. 56. Those who do question the World State are alienated and eventually are exiled
  57. 57. In short, you would NOT want to live here</li></li></ul><li>The Future of Computer Technology<br />“Anything one man can imagine, other men can make real.”<br />-Jules Verne<br />
  58. 58. Computers in Workplace<br /><ul><li> Computers will become common in hospitals
  59. 59. Trained doctors would be hard to replace, but computers will help with diagnoses
  60. 60. Computers can access trillions of data instantaneously, which would allow for easier diagnoses
  61. 61. 20% of medical errors are diagnosis errors, computers would help eliminate those
  62. 62. IBM’s Watson computer premiered on Jeopardy showcasing its knowledge and is now experimenting with hospital situations</li></li></ul><li>Computers in Workplace (Cont.)<br /><ul><li> Expert Testimonies
  63. 63. “My medical students and residents leave, but Watson would stay with me. All the knowledge will be preserved, and Watson will get smarter and smarter.”
  64. 64. Marvin Minsky, an artificial intelligence pioneer
  65. 65. http://kempton.wordpress.com/2011/02/18/ibms-watson-jeopardy-champ-planets-health-and-everything-expert-consultant/
  66. 66. “Computers are more reliable than humans are--they do not get sick--and are more productive--they can do the work faster and more effectively.”
  67. 67. Eric Roberts, Professor of Computer Science at Stanford
  68. 68. http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~eroberts/cs201/projects/changing-nature-of-work/theory.html</li></li></ul><li>Robots Will Fight Wars<br /><ul><li> P.W. Singer contends in his book, Wired for War, that the U.S. military will be half robots in a few yrs.
  69. 69. “Rapid development of military robots, already used as drones and bomb defusers, might mean that U.S. combat units would be half human, half machine by 2015” – Singer
  70. 70. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,489226,00.html#ixzz1NL4Oyvfb</li></li></ul><li>Robots at Home<br /><ul><li>British scientist and professor of cybernetics at the University of Reading in the U.K., Kevin Warwick, predicts that cyborgs (robots with brains) will be on hand to assist with domestic duties
  71. 71. “We’re not talking about taking a human brain out of a body but we can grow a brain from human cells and put it in a robot body, making it a lot more … helpful around the house, I would say that’s seven or ten years down the line.”
  72. 72. http://www.metro.co.uk/tech/844429-professor-believes-robots-will-occupy-every-home-in-10-years#ixzz1NL6FfDo3</li></li></ul><li>Advanced Step in Innovative MObility<br /><ul><li>ASIMO is a humanoid robot developed by Honda
  73. 73. Abilities
  74. 74. Moving objects, postures and gestures, facial recognition, etc.
  75. 75. Currently only about 100 ASIMOs exist
  76. 76. “Our dream is that one day everyone will have an ASIMO of their own to help around the home or office.” – Honda
  77. 77. Professor Kevin Warwick predicts that everyone will own some form of a robot within the next decade</li></li></ul><li>Brain Machine Interface (BMI)<br /><ul><li>A BMI is essentially a way for the brain to communicate with a device
  78. 78. Possible applications range from turning on TVs by merely thinking to controlling devices entirely by thinking and no movement
  79. 79. Similar to movies like Avatar, humans will be able to have their own “avatar” or robot-self</li></li></ul><li>Holograms<br /><ul><li>Communication
  80. 80. CNN has already premiered its try at the technology
  81. 81. Holograms will be the main form of communication and graphic display
  82. 82. Companies like airports will also use them to inform passengers
  83. 83. One UK Airport has had “digital illusions that are so convincing that passengers have been spotted trying to present passports to them”
  84. 84. http://www.newser.com/story/110839/holograms-will-greet-travellers-at-uk-airport.html</li></ul>CNN Hologram: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=thOxW19vsTg<br />
  85. 85. Contact Lenses of the Future<br /><ul><li>Mini-Computers
  86. 86. The University of Michigan has recently created the world's smallest computer: a millimeter (image to the right)
  87. 87. Such a computer will lead to, as MichioKaku predicts, computers that are in contacts worn by human beings
  88. 88. BabakParviz, an assistant professor of electrical engineering, has already combined soft contacts with electrical circuits
  89. 89. http://dailyuw.com/2008/1/31/contact-lenses-of-the-future/</li></li></ul><li>Cars of the Future<br /><ul><li>Driverless Cars
  90. 90. A driverless car is a car that has an autopilot computer system and thus, there is no need for a driver
  91. 91. General Motors has announced that it plans to release a driverless car by 2018
  92. 92. GM has successfully tested the vehicle to the right; however, it is quite bulky
  93. 93. In the future, driverless cars will be smaller; just as how cell phones have evolved over time</li></li></ul><li>A Computerized Home<br /><ul><li>Computers will be everywhere, but nowhere at the same time
  94. 94. “The future computer will be a lot more embedded into the environment instead of something that you can identify. Whenever you are in your house you’ll be able to ask for something, and whatever wall or counter you’re near, that information will just be projected onto it.” –Bill Gates
  95. 95. Actual computers/desktops will be a thing of the past and instead be integrated into nearly every aspect of life</li></li></ul><li>THE END<br />

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