Managing self The Author GatheringAldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22November 1963) was an English writer andone of the most prominent members of thefamous Huxley family. Best known for hisnovels including Brave New World and awide-ranging output of essays, Huxley alsoedited the magazine Oxford Poetry, andpublished short stories, poetry, travel writing,film stories and scripts. Huxley spent the laterpart of his life in the United States, living inLos Angeles from 1937 until his death.Aldous Huxley was a humanist, pacifist, andsatirist, and he was latterly interested inspiritual subjects such as parapsychology andphilosophical mysticism. He is also wellknown for advocating and takingpsychedelics.
ThinkingUsing language, text and symbols Managing self The Context Participating and contributing Processing Applying 1. In what ways did Huxleys education influence his writing? 2. How did Huxleys eye disease influence his writing? 3. List 3 themes that Huxley deals with in his writing. 4. Identify the band that was influenced by Huxley in the 1960s. Which book influenced them? 5. Define Utopia. 6. Define Dystopia. 7. Predict which term will most likely describe Brave New World.
Processing Plot Quiz Thinking Relating Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Gathering Setting Time· 2540 a.d.; referred to in the novel as 632 years “After Ford,” meaning 632 years after the production of the first Model T car. Places· London, England; The lighthouse; Savage Reservation in New Mexico.
Processing Applying1. Where is the savage reservation?2. Describe the reservation and its inhabitants.3. Describe what happens in the quaint native ceremony.4. Create a chart which shows the different levels of society in London. Explain what each level is responsible for.5. In pairs, design a poster which lists the laws of the new world. Include at least 5. Make your poster colourful and well presented.6. In pairs, design a webpage which advertises the lighthouse and John the savage as a tourist destination. Include images and a description of what can be seen and experienced. Thinking Relating Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Characters: John the Processing Applying savage1. Create a profile for John. Include name, age, interests, adjectives to describe his personality and his family situation.2. Explain why John is the ultimate outsider. Include a quote to support your explanation.3. Explain where John gets his values from.4. Identify 3 ways that Johns knowledge of Shakespeare is helpful to him.5. In what way is it a hindrance?6. Create a chart that shows the differences Thinking between Johns values and the values of Using language, text and symbols London society. Include quotes. Managing self Participating and contributing
Characters: Bernard Marx Processing Applying1. In what way is Bernards entry into the novel ironic?2. Explain why he is interesting to the reader.3. Create a flowchart that shows the changes in Bernards fortunes. Include detailed explanations and quotes for each change.4. Explain why he is a hypocrite. Include examples.5. Describe John, Helmholtz and Leninas Thinking attitudes to Bernard. Include a quote for Using language, text and symbols each character. Managing self Participating and contributing
Characters: Helmholtz Processing Applying Watson1. Helmholtz is what Bernard wishes to be like. List his positive characteristics.2. Explain why Helmholtz criticises the World State. What is the difference between his reasons and Bernards reasons.3. Create a compare/contrast chart to show the similarities and differences between Helmholtz and John.4. Explain what the conversations Thinking between Helmholtz and John Using language, text and symbols demonstrate. Include an example Managing self from the novel. Participating and contributing
Minor characters Processing Applying1. In groups of 2-3, choose 2 of the minor characters and complete the following:2. Create a profile for each character. Include name, age, social status, occupation, interests, an image to represent their character.3. Complete a compare/contrast chart for your chosen characters.4. Identify a conflict that each character faces in the novel and explain how they dealt with it. Thinking Relating5. Record a signature quote for each character. Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Essay 1: Choose one of the questions and write at least 400 words. Applying1.Analyse how a main character OR individualmatures and takes action in a text you havestudied.2.Analyse how the growth OR breakdown of arelationship(s) affects the climax in a text youhave studied.3.Analyse how the writer has influenced youropinion of a choice made by a character OR Thinkingindividual in a text you have studied. Using language, text and symbols Managing self
ResearchGatheringProcessing Applying Thinking Relating Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Themes: the use of technology to Gathering control society Processing Applying1. What warning is Huxley giving the reader?2. List 3 examples of the technologies that BNW criticises.3. List examples from real life that are similar to these.4. Explain what the World State means by science?5. Explain what the State uses science for. Why does it limit real science?6. Identify 2 characters that you would link with this theme and describe an event from the text which links them with this theme. Include at least 1 quote Thinking for each character. Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Themes: The incompatibility of happiness and truth Gathering Processing1. Explain how soma acts as a tool for promoting social stability. Locate a quote to Applying support your answer.2. Do we have tools to promote social stability in our society? What examples can you think of?3. Why does the World State prioritise happiness at the expense of truth?4. Explain what Mond believes happiness is. Locate a quote to support your answer.5. Identify the 2 types of truth that the State wants to cover up. Explain the difference between each one.6. Identify 2 characters that can be linked with this theme. Include examples from the text. Thinking7. Explain what the search for truth involves. Why does the State want to stop it? Relating Using language, text and symbols8. In pairs, write an advert or create a storyboard that could be used in the World Managing self State to promote happiness. Participating and contributing
Themes: The consumer society Gathering Processing Applying1. BNW is a satire of the society that we live in. Define satire.2. In what way is BTW satirical? Include quotes.3. Do you agree that the World State is an extreme but logically developed version of our society? Explain why and include examples.4. Explain what happiness means to you.5. Complete a compare/contrast chart to show the similarities and differences between your definition of happiness and the definition of happiness in the World State. Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Essay 2:Choose one of the questions and write at least 400 words. Applying1. Analyse how the setting of a text you have studied influenced your understanding of the ideas in the text.2. Analyse how an idea is developed in a text you have studied. Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self
Narrative Style: motifs Gathering ProcessingMotifs are recurring structures, contrasts, andliterary devices that can help to develop andinform the text’s major themes.Adjective: PNEUMATIC3. Define the word according to the dictionary.4. What is Huxleys meaning for the word? Explain why this adjective is used in BNW.5.6. Include a quote. Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
FORD2. Explain the reason for this term in the novel. Include a quote.ALIENATION4. Identify 3 characters that are linked to this motif.5.Explain why each one is linked. Include quotes.6. Why is this motif important in the novel?SEX8. Describe what the State does to control sex and produce babies. Include a quote.9. Explain why John and Lenina can never be together.SHAKESPEARE11. Explain why Huxley has includes references to Shakespeare throughout the novel. Include quotes.
Narrative Style: symbols GatheringSymbols are objects,characters, figures, and colorsused to represent abstractideas or concepts.SOMA Identify the 3 things that3.soma represents. Includequotes. Thinking Relating Using language, text and symbols Managing self Participating and contributing
Narrative Style: Narrative point of view Gathering ProcessingThird-person omniscient; the narrator frequently makespassages of “objective” description sound like the speechor thought patterns of a particular character, using atechnique usually called “free indirect quotation.” Locate and record a short passage of the text as an2.example.Point of view · Narrated in the third person, primarilyfrom the point of view of Bernard or John but also fromthe point of view of Lenina, Helmholtz Watson, andMustapha Mond.4. Record 3 examples of 3 characters points of view. Explain the benefits and drawbacks of this style of5.narration.
Narrative style: Tone Gathering ProcessingSatirical, ironic, silly, tragic,juvenile, pedantic. Choose 3 of the above2.adjectives and record eventsfrom the text which relate toeach adjective. Include a quote for each3.event. Explain the author’s purpose4.– why does he use this tone?
Applying Common Test Thinking Using language, text and symbols Managing self1. Analyse how a main character OR individual matures and takes action in a text (or texts) you have studied.2. Analyse how the growth OR breakdown of a relationship(s) affects the climax in a text (or texts) you have studied.3. Analyse how the writer(s) has influenced your opinion of a choice made by a character OR individual in a text (or texts) you have studied.4. Analyse how the setting of a text (or texts) you have studied influenced your understanding of the ideas in the text (or texts). (Note: Setting may include reference to time, place, historical or social context, or atmosphere.)5. Analyse how an idea is developed in a text (or texts) you have studied.6. Analyse how symbols are used to develop an idea in a text (or texts) you have studied.7. Analyse how techniques of a genre or text type make a text(s) particularly effective for you. (Note: Genres and text types may include short story, novel, types of poetry and song, drama script, print or non-fiction texts.)