STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (SEA)

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The Center for Thematic Environmental Networks (TEN) is a Center for education and research in the fields of environment and sustainable development.
TEN Center promotes the exchange of knowledge and information on the environmental field and offers tools and supplementary approaches in order to solve environmental issues with specific reference to sustainable development.

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Since 2003, TEN manages and coordinates advanced training programs devised for director generals and managers of public administrations, researchers and private sector experts from the People’s Republic of China and Eastern European countries. The aim is to augment and improve the capabilities of policy-makers and to facilitate knowledge transfer in order to promote sustainable environmental, social and economic policies.

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  • Hello Everybody. It’a a plesure to be here for the second time. I’m Gabriella and as you know I’m a teacher at Venice University Ca’ Foscari where I teach environmental matters. I’m also technical director of an environmental engineering company and our work is to have a EIA or SEA of projects and urbanistic plans
  • During my presentation I will talk about these topics:
  • The vision of my company is to understand the environmental impacts in the territory, then to plan the solutions to improve the environment and finally to manage the decisions and control the indicators.
  • So eAmbiente is divided in 4 teams working on different issues like: Environmental Assessment and planning which includes…. Then Environmental regeneration and remediation which means… Then …. Finally…..
  • This is a picture of my team which is composed of experts graduated in these subjects like… We have a constant training on specific skills and we also call some qualified consultants of different nationalities in order to…..
  • These are some examples of projects of every division. We are the scientific coordinator of this project called Città Sostenibile-Sustainable city. The aim is to collect the best practices to manage the environmental impacts of the cities: like the project on sustainable mobility or renewable energy in the cities or other….
  • Last year during the exhibition we were pleased to received the visit of the Chinese ambassador in Italy. He came to know better the project exposed and in particular a chinese one dealing with the Caofeidian Eco-city Master Plan of Tangshan presented by Tsinghua Institute of Urban Planning & Design-Beijing.
  • Coming back to eAmbiente projects, I would like to explain you this pilot project that we are working on: it regards the increase on GreenHouse Gases (GHG) in atmosphere. We are studing the compensation of through local initiatives.
  • Here there are some other projects dealing with application of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in new companies like sugar production and waste treatment and energy production from organic waste.
  • SEA results from the application of the European Directive 2001/42/EC… In Italy, SEA is specified by the second part of….
  • I have already talk about the Directive last year but now I want to introduce the issues again and then add more details as you asked me. This Directive sets a framework for the future development and assures the monitoring of significant environmental effects resulting form the implementation of plans and programmes
  • When do we apply the SEA? Here is a list of plans and programmes that require SEA, as Agricultural plans, forestry, tourism…..
  • Why do we apply the SEA? To provide sustainable development in the territory To enable… … . So the application of sea allowa us to set strategic objectives, to build and assess alternatives….
  • So you can understand that SEA is an assessment that we must apply when the governament decides about the development of the city and its planning. The SEA requires an environmental report which is the first step to know the state and conduction of the enviroment. So the contents of the Environmental Report (ER) are the description of some components like air, watrer, soil. It describes the effects of strategic interventions on the city like a new motorway, a new urbanistic area and so on…. The single intervention is subjected to a specific Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • Three sides of application of SEA taking into consideration not only the environmetal aspects of the assessment but also the social and the economical ones These 3 aspects are particularly important nowadays because in Europe we have big intercultural comunity so the social aspects need to take into account the different cultures.
  • What about methodology
  • The construction of a sectorial plan goes along with the assessment of the effects. There are 3 moments of assessment: ex ante… In itinere… And finally ex post assessment which is the subsequent evaluation of the sustainability of thr plan and following implementation
  • In this slide we have more details about the process with the indication of the activities related to the considered procedures. I want to stress (sottolineare) two important element of them: the consultation step, in which people express their opinion influencing the plan possibility of implementation of plan intervening with corrective action by monitoring.
  • The purple column shows the urbanistic plan and the green column shouw in detail the sea process. Both the urbanistic plan and the SEA process have to be done at the same time
  • If a problem arises, you have to re-start the process from the beginning only for the issues affected by the problem. The same happens if there is a need for a change in the urbanistic plan.
  • Before explaining in detail the process, I want to present a project that eAmbiente had contributed to realize. DIVAS is an European project …
  • The DIVAS is made of different steps and in the rest of the presentation I’ll focus on some concepts that you are interested in like indicators, alternatives, DPSIR model using some images obtained using this software.
  • To do this we need indicators. How to choose them? And how to finf related data? What are the characteristics that an indicator should have? The indicators should….
  • For example, during the development of DIVAS, we have made a great work of selection of avalaible indicators proposed by national or international authorities, like….
  • Then we organized all the indicators in tables according to the source and then we compared them with one another. Here for example, as far as biodiversity, flora and fauna, you can see the result of our check
  • Then we proceeded to select a core set of indicators and to create an internal database to help users in the choice.
  • Finally we created a database reporting all the indicators of the core set which also contain a explicative document. This document shows where the user can find data to calculate indicator and how to calculate ut.
  • However, in the Veneto Region there is also a codified metodology in collecting data. The format is know as…
  • There are different kind of data . Here, for example, there is the representation of a litological map of a territory in geografical format called shapefile.
  • The cognitive framework is divided into 12 thematic areas and every area has its own indicators. Data about every indicator are produced by Competent Authority. In this and in the following slides I want to show the structure of the cognitive framework for every thematic area with the indication of the competent autority and the data type.
  • For air
  • For climate
  • For water
  • Examples of maps reporting the state of the environment through carthographical indicators elaborated with GIS
  • Gabriella CHIELLINO - [email_address]
  • As you remember the first step of the SEA is to produce a preliminary environmental report to outline the existing environmental problems in the territory and their connection with plan’s macro-goals
  • The step of processing and editing is related with the elaboration of Environmental Report. The contents of the environmental report are established by the first annex of the directive 42/2001/EC are: … ..
  • … ..But the setting-up of a plan requires the collection and processing of all land and environmental information.
  • … ..But the setting-up of a plan requires the collection and processing of all land and environmental information.
  • The comment in the next slide
  • The comment in the next slide
  • SACA: stato ambientale dei corsi d’acqua. Traduzione: Environmental status od water courses
  • … ..But the setting-up of a plan requires the collection and processing of all land and environmental information.
  • … ..But the setting-up of a plan requires the collection and processing of all land and environmental information.
  • This is an example of approval procedure il Local Town planning in the Veneto Region with the indication of time for every step
  • Who evaluates the contents of the environmental report? It’s the SEA commission, made of….
  • STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (SEA)

    1. 1. STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (SEA) Comparison with ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) Prof. Gabriella Chiellino, Venice International University Member of Enviromental Commission of Region Veneto CEO - eAmbiente srl www.eambiente.it V ENICE I NTERNATIONAL U NIVERSITY
    2. 2. 1. EAMBIENTE SRL PRESENTATION
    3. 3. Contents of presentation 2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT Directive 2001/42/ EC SEA Directive (and its implementation in Italy) 2.2 METHODOLOGY SEA Issues General process 2.3 GUIDANCE AND SETTING Data collection Preliminary environmental report 2.4 PROCESSING AND EDITING DPSIR model: definition of sustainability indicators Collection and analysis of environmental data Cartographic indicators Sustainability evaluation Analisys of Alternatives 2.5 CONSULTATION , ADOPTION AND APPROVAL 2.6 MONITORING, IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT SEA 1. Gabriella Chiellino and eAmbiente: PRESENTATION 2. GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    4. 4. Environmental Assessment & Planning Environmental Regeneration & Remediation Environmental Management & Control UNDERSTAND expertise PLAN innovation MANAGE excellence OUR VISION ACTIVITIES Environmental Research&Development OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS RESEARCH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING COMPANY
    5. 5. Environmental Assessment & Planning Environmental Regeneration & Remediation Evaluation tools: EIA / SEA Analytical tools: LCA / Carbon Footprint Environmental Modeling Sustainable Mobility Environmental Management & Control Urban Regeneration: Industrial, Rivers, Ports Energy efficiency: development of renewable energy sources RES Characterization & Remediation of contaminated sites Development of Environmental Engineering Project s Certifications Quality Environment Safety Energy Audit & Energy Certification Indicators and Environmental Reports Environmental Permits Risk Management Safety & Environment OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS Environmental Research& Development Forest Stewardship Council FSC / SA 8000 Certifications; Management Fairs EU Tenders and EU funds Intercultural and Environmental Communication OUR VISION
    6. 6. OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS <ul><li>Experts graduated in: </li></ul><ul><li>environmental engineering </li></ul><ul><li>industrial chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>environmental sciences </li></ul><ul><li>forestry sciences </li></ul><ul><li>biology </li></ul><ul><li>architecture </li></ul><ul><li>law </li></ul><ul><li>A CONSTANT TRAINING commitment, a development of SPECIFIC INTERNAL SKILLS </li></ul><ul><li>QUALIFIED CONSULTANTS of different nationalities in order to: </li></ul><ul><li>broaden experience </li></ul><ul><li>provide high-performance value </li></ul>
    7. 7. OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS
    8. 8. OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS
    9. 9. OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS
    10. 10. OUR VISION OUR ACTIVITIES OUR TEAM OUR PROJECTS
    11. 11. 2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT 2. SEA
    12. 12. European Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment” Area: 4 326 253 km² ( 7ª nel mondo*) Population: 499 723 520 ( 3ª nel mondo*) Density: 114 ab./km² European Commission Italy Second Part of the Legislative Decree n.152/2006, come into force in July 2007 and modified by Legislative Decree n. 4/2008 and by Legislative Decree n. 128/2010 Legal context
    13. 13. <ul><li>EU SEA Directive </li></ul><ul><li>requires the integration of environmental considerations into plans and programs which set a framework for future development </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures the monitoring of significant environmental effects of the implementation of plans and programmes </li></ul>SEA: Directive 2001/42/CE 2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT <ul><ul><li>EU SEA DIRECTIVE OBJECTIVES ARE THE : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1. Preservation, protection and improvement of environmental quality </li></ul><ul><li>2. Protection of human health </li></ul><ul><li>3. Prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>PLANS and PROGRAMMES that require SEA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans and programmes which are likely to have significant environmental effects: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forestry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fisheries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry (including mineral extraction) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transport (es. Mobility Plan of the city) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Waste management (es. Urban Waste Management) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban and land use (es. Town Planning) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plans and programmes that require an assessment in accordance with the Directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of flora and fauna (92/43/EEC) </li></ul></ul>SEA: Directive 2001/42/CE 2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT
    15. 15. Why implement SEA? SEA aids the plan and programme by: <ul><li>Setting strategic objectives ; </li></ul><ul><li>Building and assessing reasonable alternatives ; </li></ul><ul><li>Justifying decisions ; </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring how objectives are reached ; </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting democratic participation by means of </li></ul><ul><li>information and clarity of the process. </li></ul><ul><li>SEA allows you to understand and analyse the environment in order to : </li></ul><ul><li>provide sustainable development in the territory </li></ul><ul><li>enable better decisions to be made </li></ul><ul><li>comply with national/regional laws in place </li></ul>2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT
    16. 16. <ul><li>Environmental Report </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale programmation </li></ul><ul><li>Sector plans </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Local development programs </li></ul><ul><li>… . </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental component </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><li>…… </li></ul><ul><li>Action plans and projects </li></ul><ul><li>Productive areas plans </li></ul><ul><li>Urban renewal plans </li></ul><ul><li>Pubblic projects </li></ul><ul><li>…… </li></ul>Programmatic framework Project framework Environmental framework Assessment models Monitoring Urban plan Environmental plans Energy plan Waste management plan … .. Strategic Environmental Assessment CARBOMARK COVENANT OF MAYORS AGENDA 21 EMAS ISO 14001 Volunteer management systems Environmental Impact Assessment SEA in the Assessment processess 2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT
    17. 17. The 3 sides of SEA The Public Authorities which elaborate the plans and progammes decide to apply the SEA respecting these 3 sides 2.1 LEGAL CONTEXT Environmental aspects Ecosystem Economical aspects Town Social aspects Citizens THE 3 SIDES Of the SEA
    18. 18. 2.2 METHODOLOGY 2. SEA
    19. 19. Planning and assessment procedures (1) The construction of plan and the strategic assessment of the environmental effects should always be connected. EX ANTE ASSESSMENT : upstream of the drafting of the plan IN ITINERE ASSESSMENT : together with the development of the plan, becoming an integral part of it So the processes follow the same steps which are: EX POST ASSESSMENT : subsequent evaluation of the Sustainability of the Plan IMPROVEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION 2.2 METHODOLOGY GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    20. 20. Planning and assessment procedures (2) 2.2 METHODOLOGY GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Definition of the initial guidelines and of the operational planning </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of data and information available on the territory and environment by PA </li></ul><ul><li>D esignation the authorities to be consulted which, by reason of their specific environmental responsibilities, are likely to be concerned by the environmental effects of implementing plans and programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>Determining overall objectives of the plan and analysis of the external coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Determining of specific objectives and actions of the plan and analysis of internal coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Building alternatives / scenarios of development and their assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Estimation of expected environmental effects </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and Environmental report proposal </li></ul>CONSULTATION <ul><li>Monitoring of Plan implementation and corrective actions </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring report </li></ul><ul><li>Taking into consideration and assessing comments, opinions or other alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making </li></ul>CONSULTATION
    21. 21. Planning and assessment procedures (2) 2.2 METHODOLOGY GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    22. 22. Planning and assessment procedures (2) 2.2 METHODOLOGY GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    23. 23. The DIVAS Project www.progettodivas.org 2.2 METHODOLOGY Progetto co-finanziato dall’Unione europea Nuovo Programma di Prossimità Adriatico INTERREG/CARDS-PHARE 2004-2006 Asse 1, misura 1.1.3
    24. 24. What is DIVAS The priority objective : development of a standard methodology for SEA The end user: the personnel working in technical offices and the administrators of municipalities Methodological approach: is based on a flowchart that follows the indications provided by Directive 42/2001/EEC , updated, where possible by Legislative Decree 152/2006 (and subsequent amendments). 2.2 METHODOLOGY DIVAS has been developed as a DSS (Decision Support System), i.e. a system that provides the decision-maker with a set of analysis functions and models to improve the efficacy and efficiency of the decision-making model.
    25. 25. 2.3 GUIDANCE AND SETTING 2. SEA GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Definition of the initial guidelines and of the operational planning </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of data and information available on the territory and environment by PA </li></ul><ul><li>D esignation the authorities to be consulted which, by reason of their specific environmental responsibilities, are likely to be concerned by the environmental effects of implementing plans and programmes. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Environmental Indicators <ul><li>The indicators should: </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the quality and quantity of territorial concerns and their use of the environmental resources available in the area </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the specific and general objectives of the plan and their result level </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate and evaluate the significant environmental effects </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor the significant effects of the plan during its implementation </li></ul>
    27. 27. INTERNATIONAL EUROPEAN EUROSTAT set pressure indicators organised in 10 thmatic areas, for a total number of 100 indicators. OECD Organisation for the European Cooperation and Development core-set linked to PSR model, organised in 15 thematic areas, for a total number of 50 indicators. AEA European Environment Agency core-set linked to DPSIR model, organised in 6 thematic areas, for a total number of 37 indicators. European Union Indicators set of 10 sustainability indicators of the urban context. UN United Nations set of environmental and socio-economical indicators organised in 9 thematic areas. Environmental Indicators
    28. 28. VENETO REGION Set of indicators divided into 11 thematic areas ARPAV Set of 120 indicators divided into 14 thematic areas APAT 250 environmental indicators divided into in 16 thematic areas ENVIRONMENT MINISTERY Guidelines for SEA Set of 77 pressure and state indicators divided into 14 thematic areas Environmental Indicators
    29. 29. Biodiversity, flora and fauna a lot of importance is given to the knowledge of the threatened species
    30. 30. Air a lot of importance is given to the knowledge the concentration of ozone and monoxide of carbon
    31. 31. Selection of Environmental Indicators MIN. AMB. REG. VENETO ARPAV UNU OCSE ICE AEA EUROSTAT APAT Environmental sectors Environmental indicators Plan actions DSS Identification of a ‘core set’ of indicators Construction of Indicator Database to monitor the individual actions in the various environmental and socio-economic sectors.
    32. 32. DIVAS Indicator Database
    33. 33. + Environmental information Local Statistics Town Topographic Map VAS = ENVIRONMENTAL TOPOGRAPHIC CARTOGRAPHY GIS Maps of critical environmental quality points and objectives
    34. 34. Collecting data: Cognitive framework 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING In the Veneto Region the format of the data collection si known as “Cognitive Framework” , according to the provisions of art. 50 of Regional Law of 23 April, 2004, no. 11 and to Veneto Region Deliberation no. 3178 of 8 October, 2004; Implementation of the Cognitive Framework is based on researches carried out in the competent organizations, on the reviewing and processing of paper documents available in technical offices and on computer-based validation ; The Cognitive Framework build-up is achieved by means of a GIS, i.e. a software which is able to directly relate data to data with a heterogeneous nature in order to compare and process them yielding fresh information.
    35. 35. Example: shape file of the lithological map Tema C0501011_CartaLitologicaA Cognitive framework 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    36. 36. Cognitive framework Competent Authority: Environmental Protection Agency, Region, District, et c. Data type: Data table, Raster, Vector, documents, et c. <ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Flora and fauna </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Climatic factors </li></ul><ul><li>Material resources </li></ul><ul><li>Human health </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Community and economy </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural heritage </li></ul>11 Thematic Areas: each area has its own indicators 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State     Code Indicators     1.1.s.1 Prevailing wind direction (a summer b winter) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.1.s.2 wind speed Environment Protection Agency Data Table, Raster, Vector, document … … … … Pressure     Code Indicators     1.1.s.2 …
    37. 37. Processing collected data in the Environmental Report MODEL FOR DATA PROCESSING Environmental Reports are based on a relational model DPSIR model: Determinants/Pressures/State/Impacts/Response (DPSIR) DPSIR is a causal framework for describing the interactions between society and the environment. This framework has been adopted by the European Environment Agency 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    38. 38. Driving Force D P Pressure State Impacts Response S I R Step 2: DPSIR Model 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    39. 39. <ul><li>BASIC SECTORAL TRENDS: </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism (etc) </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>Response Driving Force Pressure State Impacts Step 2: DPSIR Model <ul><li>HUMAN ACTIVITIES DIRECTLY AFFECTING THE ENVIRONMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage water </li></ul><ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions (CO 2 ,…) </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul><ul><li>VISIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES : </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Soil quality </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE TO : </li></ul><ul><li>Human health </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>et </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSE OF SOCIETY TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM: </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Proscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Plans and policies </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    40. 40. Response Driving Force Pressure State Impacts Step 2: DPSIR Model 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    41. 41. Driving Force Pressure Step 2: DPSIR Model Response Impacts State Technological changes (clean technologies) e.g. Drainage Structural changes <ul><li>BASIC SECTORAL TRENDS: </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism (etc) </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN ACTIVITIES DIRECTLY AFFECTING THE ENVIRONMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage water </li></ul><ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions (CO 2 ,…) </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul><ul><li>VISIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES : </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Soil quality </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE TO : </li></ul><ul><li>Human health </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>et </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSE OF SOCIETY TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM: </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Proscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Plans and policies </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    42. 42. Component 1 - Air 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State     1.1.s Anemology     1.1.s.1 Prevailing wind direction (a summer b winter) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.1.s.2 wind speed Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.1.s.3 Anemology (arpav data) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.2.s Air quality   1.2.s.1 nitrogen bioxide (NO 2 ) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.2.s.2 ozone (O 3 ) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.2.s.3 fine dust (PM 10 ) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.3.s Monitoring network   1.3.s.1 Monitoring station locations Environment Protection Agency Data Table 1.3.s.2 climatic data Environment Protection Agency Data Table Pressure     1.1.p Emission sources     1.2.p Air quality     1.2.p.1 carbon monoxide (CO)   Environment Protection Agency   Data Table
    43. 43. Component 2 - Climate 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State     2.1.s Precipitations   Environment Protection Agenc Data Table 2.1.s.1 monthly average Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.1.s.2 seasonal average Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.1.s.3 isolated precipitations Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.1.s.4 max precipitations – days / minutes / hours Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.2.s Seasonal number of rainy days Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.3.s Max/min monthly temperatures Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.4.s Relative humidity Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.5.s Direct solar radiation Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.6.s Climatic regions Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.7.s Monitoring network Environment Protection Agency Data Table Pressure     2.1.p Emission sources Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.2.p Urban areas / Urban green spaces (microclimate) Environment Protection Agency Data Table 2.3.p other Environment Protection Agency Data Table
    44. 44. Component 3 - Water 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 3.1.s Surface hydrographical network Environment P A Data Table 3.1.sa ARPAV surface hydrographical network Environment P A Data Table 3.1.sb CTRN surface hydrographical network Environment P A Data Table 3.2.s Biological quality of water courses Environment P A Data Table 3.2.s.1 IBE (Extended biotic index) Environment P A Data Table 3.2.s.2 IFF (Index of River Functionality) Environment P A Data Table 3.3.s DEFENSE WORK Environment P A Data Table 3.4.s HYDRO CATCHMENT SYSTEMS Environment P A Data Table 3.5.s HYDROGRAPHIC UNITS Environment P A Data Table 3.6.s DAMS Environment P A Data Table 3.7.s Monitoring network Environment P A Data Table 3.7.s1 Surface waters Environment P A Data Table 3.7.s2 Hydrometric stations Environment P A Data Table Pressure 3.1.p Collection and treatment plants Environment P A Data Table 3.2.p Distribution systems Environment P A Data Table 3.2.p.1 Aqueduct network – springs Environment P A Data Table 3.2.p.2 Aqueduct network - pipes Environment P A Data Table 3.3.p Waste collection and waste water treatment Environment P A Data Table 3.3.p.1 Sewerage – purifiers Environment P A Data Table 3.3.p.2 Sewerage – collection pipelines for white, mixed and black waters Environment P A Data Table 3.4.p Agricultural use Environment P A Data Table 3.5.p Sewage discharges Environment P A Data Table
    45. 45. Component 4 – Soil and subsoil 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 4.1.s lithology Geology department Vector file 4.1.s.1 substratum lithology Geology department Vector file 4.1.s.2 eluvial-colluvial debris cover materials Geology department Vector file 4.1.s.3 material accumulations of landslide Geology department Vector file 4.1.s.4 alluvial, moraine, fluvioglacial, lake, marsh and coastal materials Geology department Vector file 4.1.s.5 geological survey and geophysical survey points Geology department Vector file 4.2.s hydrogeology Geology department Vector file 4.2.s.1 surface hydrogeology Geology department Vector file 4.2.s.2 groundwaters Geology department Vector file 4.3.s geomorphology Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.1 structural and volcanic forms Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.2 forms of slope due to gravity Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.3 fluvial, fluvioglacial and slope forms due to runoff Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.4 karst forms Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.5 glacial and frost creep forms Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.6 wind forms Geology department Vector file 4.3.s.7 forms and elements of sea, lake and lagoon origin Geology department Vector file 4.4.s geopedology Geology department Vector file 4.5.s permeability Geology department Vector file 4.6.s seismic risk Geology department Vector file 4.6.s01 highest recorded level Geology department Vector file 4.6.s02 highest expected economic damage Geology department Vector file
    46. 46. Component 4 – Soil and subsoil 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type 4.7.s geological-technical zoning classes Geology department Vector file 4.8.s physical and geological areas Geology department Vector file 4.8.s1 Valley units of relief and liking units between valley and relief Geology department Vector file 4.8.sa2 hydrologic units and other hydrologic units polygons Geology department Vector file 4.8.sb2 hydrologic units and other hydrologic unit points Geology department Vector file 4.9.s Veneto region soil map Geology department Vector file 4.9.s1 Soils system Geology department Vector file 4.9.s2 cartographic units Geology department Vector file 4.10.s physical and biological evolution of soils Geology department Vector file 4.10.s1 actual soil erosion Geology department Vector file 4.10.s2 potential soil erosion Geology department Vector file pressure 4.1.p Artificial forms Geology department Vector file 4.2.p landslides Geology department Vector file 4.3.p quarries Geology department Vector file 4.4.p Geological risk Geology department Vector file 4.5.p Disposal – interference: landfills Geology department Vector file 4.6.p Contaminated sites Geology department Vector file 4.7.p Heavy metals Geology department Vector file 4.8.p Industrial wastes Geology department Vector file 4.9.p Avalanches Geology department Vector file 4.10.p Collapse risk areas Geology department Vector file 4.10.p1 Slope dynamica Geology department Vector file 4.10.pa2 River channels dymanic and areas subject to erosion Geology department Vector file 4.10.pb2 Fluvial erosion dynamic in watercourses Geology department Vector file
    47. 47. Component 5 – Flora and fauna 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 5.1.s Flora Parks Data table 5.1.s.1 Wooded areas Parks Vector file 5.1.s.1a Corinne Land Cover Parks Vector fille 5.1.s.1b Veneto region forest map Parks Vector file 5.1.s.2 Grasslands Parks Vector file 5.1.s.3 Land quality Parks Vector file 5.2.s Fauna Parks Data table Pressure 5.1.p Catching areas (preserves, government areas, oasis, parks, dog training areas) Parks Vector file 5.2.p Interference with infrastructures Parks Vector file 5.3.p Reducing habitat Parks Vector file 5.4.p Interference with tourism and sports trails Parks Vector file 5.5.p Intensive farming Parks Vector file
    48. 48. Component 6 - Biodiversity 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 6.1.s PARK Parks Vector file 6.2.sa Sic Parks Vector file 6.2.sb Zps Parks Vector file 6.3.s Biotopes Parks Vector file 6.3.s1 Other areas of valuable natural areas Parks Vector file 6.4.s Natural emergencies Parks Vector file 6.4.sa Emergencies area Parks Vector file 6.4.sb Prompt emergencies Parks Vector file 6.5.s Ecological network Parks Vector file 6.5.s.1 central areas Parks Vector file 6.5.s.2 buffer zones Parks Vector file 6.5.s.3 connecting corridors Parks Vector file 6.5.s.4 knots Parks Vector file Pressure 6.1.pa FOREST FIRES Parks Vector file 6.1.pb PIROLOGICAL POTENTIAL Parks Data table 6.2.p Ecosystems fragmentation Parks Vector file
    49. 49. Component 7 - Landscape 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 7.1.s Landscape units Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.1.s.1 Framework of union of landscape units Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.1.s.2 Areas of specific landscape interest Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.1.s3 Agro-forestry landscape units Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.2.s Identity resources Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.2.s.1 cultural, architectural, archaeological heritage Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.2.s.2 Landscape equipment Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.2.s.3 social and symbolic resources Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.2.s.4 Thematic routes Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.3.s Landscape working Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.3.s.1 Functional areas in relation with sustainability degree Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.4.s Relational systems Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 7.4.s.1 Structural and perceptive relations Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file Pressure 7.1.p Programmed or in progress processes and actions Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file
    50. 50. Component 8 – Cultural, architectural and archeological heritage 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 8.1.s Centers and settlements Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.1.s.1 consolidated urban Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.1.s.2 buildings to 1960 Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.1.s.3 buildings inside Austro-Italian Cadastre Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.1.s.4 digitization of maps of Austro-Italian Cadastre Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s Historical heritage and traditional scattered settlement Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s1 churches Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s2 capitals crossess Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s3 monuments Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s4 fountains Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s5 Great War artifacts: encoding Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s5a Great War artifacts: specific elements (memorial, shelter, etc.) Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s5b Great War artifacts: areal elements (cisternsm ruin, etc) Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s5c Great War artifacts: linear elements (trenches, walls, paths etc.) Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.2.s6 Industrial archeology Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.3.s Anthropological goods Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.4.s Archeological findings Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.5.sa venetian villas Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file 8.5.sb venetial villas areas Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file pressure 8.1.p Programmed or in progress processes and actions Superintendence of cultural heritage Vector file
    51. 51. Component 9 – Human health 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type   state 9.1.s Noise Environment P A Vector file 9.1.s.1 State and provincial roads – daytime levels Environment P A Vector file 9.1.s.2 State and provincial roads – night levels Environment P A Vector file 9.1.s.3 Rail - station Environment P A Vector file 9.1.s.4 Rail - daytime levels Environment P A Vector file 9.1.s.5 Rail – night levels Environment P A Vector file 9.2.s Radioactivity Environment P A Vector file 9.2.s.1 Power lines Environment P A Vector file 9.2.s.2 Radio and television broadcasters Environment P A Vector file 9.2.s.3 Mobile Environment P A Vector file 9.3.s Light pollution Environment P A Vector file 9.3.s.1 Identification of territories with Pubblic lighting according with Regional Plan for the Prevention of light pollution(L.R. n° 22 /997) Environment P A Vector file 9.4.s Industrial risk Environment P A Vector file 9.3.s.1 areas with plants affected by major accident hazard (D.M. 09/05/2001) Environment P A Vector file 9.5.s Calamità naturali Environment P A Vector file pressure 9.1.p Emission sources Environment P A Vector file
    52. 52. Component 10 - Population 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type Stato 10.1.s Resident population by area Department of statistics Data table 10.2.s Resident noEU-immigrants by town Department of statistics Data table 10.3.s Family size by area Department of statistics Data table 10.4.s Family size by town Department of statistics Data table 10.5.s Farm distribution by town Department of statistics Data table 10.6.s Farm distribution per 100 inhabitants Department of statistics Data table 10.7.s % utilized agricultural area by town Department of statistics Data table 10.8.s Enterprises per 100 inhabitants Department of statistics Data table 10.9.s Enterprises employees per 100 inhabitants Department of statistics Data table 10.10.s Economic activities by town Department of statistics Data table 10.11.s Ecomomic activities per 100 inhabitants Department of statistics Data table 10.12.s Accomodation for each building (Town) Department of statistics Data table 10.13.s Inhabitants for each building Department of statistics Data table 10.14.s Inhabitants for each accomodation (Town) Department of statistics Data table 10.15.s Inhabitants dor each accomodation (Place) Department of statistics Data table 10.16.s Municipal population data collection Department of statistics Data table
    53. 53. Component 11 – Material goods 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type State 11.1.s Representation of the territory Department of urban planning Vector file 11.2.s.1 consistency Department of urban planning Vector file 11.2.s.2 services Department of urban planning Vector file 11.3.s Municipal waste production Department of urban planning Vector file 11.3.s.1 Special waste Department of urban planning Vector file 11.3.s.2 Hazardous waste Department of urban planning Vector file 11.3.s.3 Separated collected municipal waste Department of urban planning Vector file 11.3.s.4 Municipal waste incenetated Department of urban planning Vector file 11.4.s Energy Department of urban planning Vector file 11.4.s.1 gas distribution network – ducts Department of urban planning Vector file 11.4.s.1 total energy consumption for socio-economic sectors. Department of urban planning Vector file 11.4.s.2 energy consumption by source Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.s Mobility Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.s.1 Network of pubblic tansport Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.sa.1 Pubblic transport lines Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.sb.1 Pubblic transport stops Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.s.2 Modal split of journeys Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.s.3 traffic flow on major road sections Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.s.4 indexes of car ownership and car traffic Department of urban planning Vector file 11.5.s.5 indices of road accidents Department of urban planning Vector file 11.6.s Housing Department of urban planning Vector file 11.6.s.1 Main destination Department of urban planning Vector file 11.6.s.2 Main destinatins ground floor Department of urban planning Vector file 11.6.s.3 Building type Department of urban planning Vector file 11.6.s.4 floors number Department of urban planning Vector file Pressure 11.1.p Storage areas for materials Department of urban planning Vector file 11.2.p occupation of urban space of motorized vehicles Department of urban planning Vector file
    54. 54. Component 12 – Planning and constraints 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING Competent Authority Data Type stato 12.1.s Environmental, cultural and geological constraints Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.2 Flooded areas map 1:25000 Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.4 Protected natural areas Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.6 Mining plan 1:25000 Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.7 Seismic zones Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.8 Hydrogeological constraint Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.9 Archeologic constraint (DL 29-10-99 n. 490: Ex 1089 of 1939) Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.10 Art-historical constraint (DL 29-10-99 n. 490: Ex 1089 of 1939) Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.11 Environmental constraint (DL 29-10-99 n. 490: Ex 1497 of 1939) Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.12 Galasso constraint (DL 29-10-99 n. 490: Ex 341 of 1985) Department of urban planning Vector file 12.1.s.13 Cimitery respect(RD 27-7-1934 n. 1265) Department of urban planning Vector file 12.2.s Urban and territorial panning constraints Department of urban planning Vector file 12.2.s.1a Regional protection areas Parks Vector file 12.2.s.1c Statal reserves Parks Vector file 12.2.s.1d Wetlands Parks Vector file 12.2.s.3 P.T.C.P. sc.1:25000 Parks Vector file 12.2.s.3a Forseen activities Parks Vector file 12.2.s.5 Hydrogeological plan Geology department Vector file 12.2.s.5a Geological risk Geology department Vector file 12.2.s.6a settlement system Geology department Vector file 12.2.s.6b environmental system Geology department Vector file 12.2.s.8 Planning in force Geology department Vector file
    55. 55. Carthographic indicators: Geographic Information System 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    56. 56. APPLICATION OF DPSIR MODEL: PHASE 1  INITIAL PHASE of SEA WATER Superficial waterways DETERMINANTS PRESSURES STATE IMPACTS RESPONSE <ul><li>- Agricultural activities </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial activities </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of pollutants (waste water) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of water flow </li></ul><ul><li>Alterations to the riverbed </li></ul><ul><li>- Introduction of exotic species and infestants </li></ul>- Quality of the water flow - EBI (extensive Biotic Index) - FFI (Fluvial Function Index) - MVF (Minimal Vital Flow) <ul><li>loss of capacity of auto-purification </li></ul><ul><li>interruption of continuous river flow </li></ul><ul><li>loss of water life </li></ul><ul><li>- Changes to the animal and vegetative communities </li></ul><ul><li>Meet quality objectives of the water body (Italy: D.Lgs 152/99) </li></ul><ul><li>investments for public water supply </li></ul><ul><li>- definition of indicators to meet the objectives </li></ul>
    57. 57. <ul><li>The following table shows how the environmental indicators are summarised: </li></ul><ul><li>Cerchoff icons </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT PROBLEMS OF INDICATOR: </li></ul><ul><li>Different SCALE: Indicators sometimes referres to different levels of scale (es. satellite or inspection on site?); </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of analysis which are not temporally coincident </li></ul>Data available Data incomplete or only partially available Data not available Positive indicator conditions Uncertain indicator conditions Negative indicator conditions Positive trend Levelling trend Negative trend No evaluation available Information available ENVIRONMENTAL STATE INDICATORS State of the indicator Trend of the indicator Environmental Indicators 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    58. 58. Environmental Indicators: AIR Number and concentration of industrial chimneys in the area Number and concentration of urban chimneys in the house area Traffic flow The number of replies to the administration 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Indicator DPSIR Finalisation of the 'indicator Evaluation of the indicator Availability of data Current state Trend Industry D Rappresentare densit à e dimensioni delle zone industriali-artigianali Thermal plants D Valutare densit à e numero unit à abitative private dotate di impianti termici ? Viability and transport D Rappresentare densit à delle infrastrutture stradali e valutare flussi di traffico Anticipate the P.A. to reduce the level of atm.pollution R Quantificare le risposte messe in atto dalla PA per far fronte al problema Particulate PM10 S Comparison with emission limits set by law
    59. 59. Outline of the current state of the environment Outline of any existing environmental problems Screening of the territory in order to facilitate the analyses requested in the environmental report Step 1: Preliminary Environmental Report The data contained in the Report should therefore be either in the Municipal Authority’s possession or readily obtainable 2.3 GUIDANCE and SETTING
    60. 60. 2.4 PROCESSING AND EDITING 2. SEA GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Determining overall objectives of the plan and analysis of the external coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Determining of specific objectives and actions of the plan and analysis of internal coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Building alternatives / scenarios of development and their assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Estimation of expected environmental effects </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and Environmental report proposal </li></ul>
    61. 61. ANNEX I OF DIRECTIVE 42/2001/EC Information to be provided (a) an outline of the contents , main objectives of the plan or programme; (b) the relevant aspects of the current state of the environment and the likely evolution thereof without implementation of the plan or programme; (c) the environmental characteristics of areas likely to be significantly affected ; (d) any existing environmental problems which are relevant to the plan or programme; (e) the environmental protection objectives , established at international, Community or Member State level; The Environmental Report: contents Elaboration of the Environmental Report “ Where an environmental assessment is required […], an environmental report shall be prepared in which the likely significant effects on the environment of implementing the plan or programme, and reasonable alternatives taking into account the objectives and the geographical scope of the plan or programme, are identified, described and evaluated.” 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    62. 62. (f) the likely significant effects on the environment, (g) the measures envisaged to prevent, reduce and as fully as possible offset any significant adverse effects on the environment; (h) an outline of the reasons for selecting the alternatives ; (i) a description of the measures envisaged concerning monitoring in accordance with Article 10. (j) a non-technical summary of the information provided under the above headings. Environmental Report ANNEX I OF DIRECTIVE 42/2001/EC Information to be provided STEP 2 Environmental Report Elaboration of the Environmental Report 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    63. 63. Environmental Report PTRC VENETO REGION STEP 2 Environmental Report Elaboration of the Environmental Report 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Veneto Region Province : n. 7 Population: 5 ML habitants Area: 18.500,00 km 2
    64. 64. Air: Indicators of State INSPECTION of the TERRITORY 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING <ul><li>AIR EMISSION IN THE VENETO REGION CORINAIR 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>01 combustion in energy and transformation  industries ( Sulphure Bioxide) </li></ul><ul><li>02 non industrial combustion plants (Carbon Bioxid) </li></ul><ul><li>03 combustion in manifacturing industry </li></ul><ul><li>04 production processes </li></ul><ul><li>05 extraction & distribution of fossil fuels and geothermal energy </li></ul><ul><li>06 solvent and other product use </li></ul><ul><li>07 road transport (Oxide of CArbon, Fine Dust) </li></ul><ul><li>08 Other mobile sources and machinery (fine dust) </li></ul><ul><li>09 Waste treatment and disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources and sinks </li></ul>Veneto Region Emission inventory subdivided into groups GENERAL PICTURE of the METEOCLIMATE
    65. 65. Air: Indicator of pressure Air Pressure 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Number of exceedances of the alert threshold (240 µg/m 3 )in 2007 Annual average concentration of particulate PM 2.5 in 2007
    66. 66. Air: Indicator of pressure Air Pressure 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING MAP OF AIR QUALITY Survey station Air quality Kind of means
    67. 67. The location of the permanent meteorology stations and air quality data are shown in a chart which indicates the continually updated monitoring points on the map. The map shows the air pressures caused by the traffic flow ( driven forces) surveyed along the various roads in Feltre city. The pie chart shows the complex flow of traffic monitored on work days, divided into light vehicles (cars etc.) and heavy (trucks etc.) vehicles. <ul><li>Objectives of integration: </li></ul><ul><li>The cartography is integrated by: </li></ul><ul><li>Locating the emission points of industrial area (industrial chimneys), </li></ul><ul><li>Data taken from a survey indicating domestic use (heating) from thermal plants in the town. </li></ul>Air: indicator of pressure 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    68. 68. Proposed Improvements (Responses): Air <ul><li>Review of the measures applied to the P.A. to contain atmospheric pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>A: Technological Interventions and structural: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verify the proper functioning of the thermal plants for risk of general combustion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives to save energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives to use methane gas for the heating systems in big industrial combustion plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the emission factors per km of public transport and private technological operations (using new and advanced public transport that are more environmentally friendly, the use of alternative fuel and an increase of electrically motorised vehicles); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluidity of traffic (new roads, over/under passes, PUT...); </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B: Mitigation interventions questioning private mobility: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define agreements between the interested categories to control the movement of goods primarily to and from the historical centres, favouring ecological transport methods (eg.methane) ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of a low tariffe – entrance ticket to organised events (exhibitions, fairs etc.) to those possessing public transport tickets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naming a Mobility Manager for the city that defines the roles for the traffic management to avoid a traffic problems such as traffic jams and other </li></ul></ul>2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    69. 69. Other examples: Water 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Environmental status of surface waters Water courses Optimal Good Sufficient Poor Bad SACA index Percentage of stations that fall into different quality classes (2001-2006) in the Veneto
    70. 70. Other examples: Water 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Environmental status of sea waters (ADRIATICO SEA) Optimal Good Poor Bad
    71. 71. Other examples: Water 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Environmental status of groundwater 2006 Environmental status results from quantitative measurements and chemical measurements The class 3 highlights signs of human-induced impairment of the resource due to nitrates (the only anthropogenic parameter)
    72. 72. Nitrates and Aquifers 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Nitrate Vulnerable Zones Water Conservation Plan Identification of most susceptible to nitrates areas from agricultural sources In these areas they must be applied regional action programmes for water and soil sources conservation
    73. 73. BIODIVERSITY: NATURA 2000 areas 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Natura 2000 Network <ul><li>Two Directives are the basis of the creation of the Natura 2000 network: </li></ul><ul><li>the Birds Directive 79/409/EC requires the establishment of Special Protection Areas (SPAs) for birds. </li></ul><ul><li>the Habitats Directive92/43/EC similarly requires Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) to be designated for other species, and for habitats. </li></ul><ul><li>These areas represent the nodes of a ecological web of interconnections between meaningful areas in order to: </li></ul><ul><li>protect the most seriously threatened habitats and species across Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>constitute a reservoirs of renaturalization for near zones. </li></ul>
    74. 74. COMPLIANCE between Environmental Indicators and Objectives <ul><li>The matrix provide Indication about : </li></ul><ul><li>Redefinition of the targets of the plan, </li></ul><ul><li>need of strategic intervention </li></ul><ul><li>need mitigation/compensation. </li></ul>The sustainability evaluation matrix is an instrument to evaluate the sustainability of the objectives General Targets sustainable development principles 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    75. 75. Sustainability evaluation matrix The plan’s targets are well defined through the specific actions. They are evaluated in the matrix cross-linking with the sustainable development criteria . The evaluation is based on the expert judgment and is, unavoidably, partially subjective . 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    76. 76. Environmental Report of VENETO REGION Elaboration of the Environmental Report 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING * These Targets come from the knowledge of the Veneto Region and its focus on the environmental impact COMPLIANCE between sustainability objectives and general plan objectives Sustainable Objectives Contenent of the soil consumption Biodivesity Manteinance Air & Water Quality improvement Natural Resources improvement (Energy) Mobility General Targets of the Region* Rationalization in land use Ensure balance between environmental ecosystems and human activities Prevent and reduce levels of air pollution to limit G HG emission Promote efficiency in fossil fuel supplying Infrastructural strengthening to improve public transport Adaptation to climate change in land use Protection of ecological corridors Limit climate-changing anthropogenic pressures Energy saving in buildings Improvement of the accessibility Enhancement of rural use More sustainable settlements Prevent and reduce levels of water pollution Increase renewable energy use enhancement of slow moving Preservation of quality and quantity of water resources Landscape preservation
    77. 77. Environmental Report PTRC VENETO REGION STEP 2 Environmental Report 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Sustainable Objectives Contenent of the soil consumption Biodivesity Maintance Air & Water Quality improvement Natural Resources improvement (Energy) Mobility General Targets of the Region* Rationalization in land use Ensure balance between environmental ecosystems and human activities Prevent and reduce levels of air pollution to limit G HG emission Promote efficiency in fossil fuel supplying Infrastructural strengthening to improve public transport Adaptation to climate change in land use Protection of ecological corridors Limit climate-changing anthropogenic pressures Energy saving in buildings Improvement of the accessibility Enhancement of rural use More sustainable settlements Prevent and reduce levels of water pollution Increase renewable energy use enhancement of slow moving Preservation of quality and quantity of water resources Landscape preservation Symbol Description full consistency between the objective of the plan and goal of sustainability partial coherence between the objective of the plan and goal of sustainability substantial indifference between goal and objective of the plan sustainability contradiction between the objective part of the plan and goal sustainability full contradiction between the objective of the plan and goal of sustainability
    78. 78. Standardization and classification of indexes 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING <ul><li>In The Regional Plan, all indicators, that I collected, were normalized in 8 categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Quality AIR; </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and Quantitative water resources; </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Value; </li></ul><ul><li>Agro-forestry heritage index; </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape, historical heritage index; </li></ul><ul><li>urban and infrastructural pressure index </li></ul><ul><li>index of energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Economy state </li></ul>PROBLEM : we have a lot of indicators, but we need a little list to assess the current state of environmental conditions and to assess the scenarios of development of our territory. we must use an overall indicator of the present quality and of the effectiveness of the current action of plan . RESPONSE : Matrix Multicritery of SAATY to normalize the indicators Through the use of a matrix of Saaty we can obtain a indicators hierarchy related to the relative importance. We attribute a “weight” to the indicator
    79. 79. Standardization and classification of indexes 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Indicators used for the index of air quality Map of air quality (differencial between municipalities) Legend Indicator Weight Industrial emissions (Nox + PM10) 0,34 Percentage of urbanized area on municipal surface 0,26 Km of main roads and hightways per town 0,20 Vehicles with internal movement, to and from the outside of the municipal territory 0,16 Number of companies at risk of major accident 0,05 TOTAL 1,00 Better Good Sufficient Average Insufficient Worse
    80. 80. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Standardization and classification of indexes Waters quality chart ( differencial between municipalities) Legend Relative state between all the municipalities Indicators used for quantity and quality of water resources index Indicator Weight Level of nitrates in surface waters 0,13 Water consumption 0,18 Water courses’ environmental status 0,38 Groundwater courses’ environmental status 0,20 Population on municipal area 0,11 Total 1,00 Better Good Sufficient Average Insufficient Worse
    81. 81. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Standardization and classification of indexes Agroforestry Surface Map (differencial between municipalities) Indicators used for the agro-forestry heritage index Legend Indicator Weight Agricultural land area / Total municipal area 0,37 Woodland area / Total municipal area 0,24 Loss of availbale agricultural land during the last 20 years 0,16 Farm animals 0,14 Organic farming surface 0,10 Total 1,00 Better Good Sufficient Average Insufficient Worse
    82. 82. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Standardization and classification of indexes Indicators used for the evaluation of urban and infrastructural pressure index Map of urban and infrastructural pressure (differencial between municipalities) Legend Indicator Weight Change in land use (loss) per municipality 0.39 Density of inhabitants 0.24 Production urban solid waste per municipality 0.13 Number of veichles per fuel typology 0.13 Km of high traffic load roads and highways per municipality 0.11 Total 1.00 Very low Low Medium High Very high Extremely high
    83. 83. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Standardization and classification of indexes Indicators used for the index of energy consumption Indicator Weight Electricity consumption by Province 0,50 Natural gas distribution by Province 0,50 Total 1,00
    84. 84. IMPACT INDICATORS of VENETO PLAN 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING <ul><li>Atmospheric pollution </li></ul><ul><li>The transport road are the 70% of the emissions carbon's monoxide (CO) </li></ul><ul><li>The Chemical Fittings, the Refineries, the Cementificis and Incinerators are the 90% (ninety percent) of dioxide of sulphur (SO2) sent forth and the 50% of dioxide of carbon sent forth total </li></ul><ul><li>WATER </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated provisioning: twenty percent (20%) industrial use, 7% agricultural and use civil for 10 %; </li></ul><ul><li>impoverishment of the groun water </li></ul><ul><li>the 30% of the superficial waters are of cheap quality </li></ul>
    85. 85. IMPACT INDICATORS of VENETO PLAN 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING <ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Little production from FER: objective within 2010: 22%; now we are to 15%; </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated consumptions for person : average 6.342 kwh/person </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversità: </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation of the ecosystems: few ecological corridors ; </li></ul><ul><li>little maintenance natural habitat ; </li></ul><ul><li>presence of kind alloctone invasive </li></ul>
    86. 86. (f) the likely significant effects on the environment, including on issues such as biodiversity, population, human health, fauna, flora, soil, water, air, climatic factors, material assets, cultural heritage including architectural and archaeological heritage, landscape and the interrelationship between the above factors; ANNEX I of Directive 42/2001/CE Criteria for determining the likely significance of effects ANNEX II of Directive 42/2001/CE Significant effects on the environment and actions 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    87. 87. ANNEX II Directive 42/2001/CE 2. Characteristics of the effects and of the area likely to be affected, having regard, in particular, to: – the probability, duration, frequency and reversibility of the effects; – the cumulative nature of the effects; – the transboundary nature of the effects; – the risks to human health or the environment (e.g. due to accidents); – the magnitude and spatial extent of the effects (geographical area and size of the population likely to be affected); – the value and vulnerability of the area – the effects on areas or landscapes which have a recognised national, Community or international protection status . Significant effects: SCALE of EVALUATION 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING SCALE OF SYNTHESIS VALUES Total effect positive Total effect slightly positive Total effect irrelevant Total effect slightly negative Total effect negative SCALE Irrelevant Low, limited to the action Medium, level of homogeneus areas High, over town level Very high, trasfrontalier level INTENSITY Irrelevant Low Medium High Very high REVERSIBILITY Irrelevant Low: reversibility’s costs  action’s profit Medium: reversibility’s costs ~ action’s profit High: reversibility’s costs > action’s profit Very high: negative and irreversibile effects FREQUENCY Irrelevant Low: temporary Medium: periodic during a year High: Periodic during a day Very high: continuous
    88. 88. The user can identify a set of actions defined as “ Critical ” (corriponding to red chromatic scale ) Each area of the PLAN is evaluated according to the effects in the various environmental sectors (ANNEX 1 of Directive) identified, quantifying the scope of the effect according to an increasing scale. MITIGATION MEASURES NEEDED! 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Significant effects on the environment and actions AIR climate cultural patrimony Material good HEALT Interelations between aspects Biodiversity SOIL WATER POPULATION
    89. 89. A case study of Urban Plannig assessment Area subject to transformation Objective 1: Settlement Development for housing 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    90. 90. Area subject to transformation Matrix for the assessment of settelement objective Value Judgement Description Criterion of judgement A case study of Urban Plannig assessment 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    91. 91. Matrix for the Assessment of Plan’s Action 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    92. 92. Effectiveness of the plan 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    93. 93. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING Effectiveness of the plan: MOBILITY
    94. 94. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING MOBILITY
    95. 95. 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING MOBILITY’S PLAN
    96. 96. Analisys of alternatives and Their Sostanability 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING to estimate the general sustainability of the plan and his alternatives , we use: ECOLOGICAL INPRINTING measure the portion of territory (earth + sea) which a population necessity to produce in sustainable way the resources that it consumes and to absorb waste BIOCAPACITY indicator that compares the resources of the same population in the territory that occupies Unità di misura: global hectares / person / year Ecological Surplus/ ecological Surpuls Inprinting + Biocapacity
    97. 97. ALTERNATIVE SCENERIES of REGIONAL PLAN 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING For every scenery it's valued the ecological imprint and the biocapacity from 2008 (two thousend and eight) to 2020 (two thousand winds) with the ecological deficits
    98. 98. Definition of alternatives for the actions Evaluation of the plans targets and actions in the area regarding social , environmental and economic aspects <ul><li>Definition of alternatives for the actions, fulfilling the planning’s targets </li></ul>ALTERNATIVE CHOICES FOR THE LOCATION OF INDUSTRIAL AREAS 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    99. 99. MITIGATIONS: ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS ALTERNATIVE CHOICES FOR THE LOCATION OF INDUSTRIAL AREAS Evaluation of the actions and definition of reasonable alternatives and mitigations 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    100. 100. Evaluation of the actions and definition of reasonable alternatives and mitigations All the evaluating processes described above form part of the ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT EVALUATING THE ACTIONS: ALTERNATIVE CHOICES FOR THE LOCATION OF INDUSTRIAL AREAS FULLFIL the SEA-Directive purposes : “ to ensure that environmental consequences of certain plans and programmes are identified and assessed during their preparation and before their adoption” . 2.4 PROCESSING and EDITING
    101. 101. 2.5 CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL 2. SEA GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    102. 102. Town government : draft plan Town Council : approval Publication: draft open to citizens ’comments 8 days 30 days 30 days draft+comments+town council counter proposal(s) transmitted to Province Government approval Within 120 days <ul><li>The Province Government , when approving the Plan, should take care that: </li></ul><ul><li>The Plan is coherent with provincial and regional plans </li></ul><ul><li>The choices made by the plan are consistent </li></ul><ul><li>The environment, landscapes, cultural inheritance etc are protected </li></ul>rejection Publication (BUR: Regional Law official Review) Plan enters into force After 15 days SEA approval procedure in Local Town Planning
    103. 103. 1- Periodic meetings (with all the Commission) to plan and review the social-demographic picture 2- Communicating the method and the state of work of the Planning Group 3- Collecting all the documentation relative to the work of the Commission 4- Drafting of final documents 5- Defining the future prospective work of the Forum. ACTIVITY of the FORUM Environmental Aspectss Ecosystem Economical Aspects City Social Aspects Citizens THE 3 SIDES OF THE ENVIRONMENT
    104. 104. SEA Commission <ul><li>The SEA Commission is made up of: </li></ul><ul><li>The Director of the regional SEA Office </li></ul><ul><li>The General Director of the Regional Environmental Agency (ARPAV) </li></ul><ul><li>The Director of Provincial Department of the Environmental Agency </li></ul><ul><li>The Director of the Provincial Environment Office of the Environmental Agency </li></ul><ul><li>The experts in the following fields: </li></ul>EXPERTISE IN SEA COMMISSION Environmental analysis Urban, territorial and landscape planning Protection of biological species and of biodiversity Protection of soil Containment of contaminants Risk analysis for industrial accidents Acustic emissions Cultural heritage Human health Protection of agronomic and forest structure
    105. 105. 2.6 MONITORING, IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT 2. SEA GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    106. 106. Indicators of Veneto region The Monitoring allows the timely individualization of environmental effects (IMPACTS) and the adoption of corrective measures to see the contents of the plan again (RESPONSE) (model DPSIR) <ul><li>The monitoring is articulated on two levels: </li></ul><ul><li>System of permanent monitoring of the state of the environment (indicators of environmental report) </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of middle period for a selected list indicative id to be adjourned at least every 3 years; </li></ul>
    107. 107. System of permanent monitoring IN ORDER TO VERIFY THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES: the monitoring assures the control of the significative impacts on the environment consequential from the realization of the plan GENERAL OBJECTIVES INDICATORS SPECIFIC INDICATORS Guarantee an adequate water supply (quality, quantity and costs) for both the general public and productive businesses Improve the supply conditions of the infrastructure Promote the protection and improvement of superficial water Territory consumption (Kmq/year) Reduction in loss of the supply distribution network The % of the population connected to the drainage distribution network EBI (Extensive Biotic Index) Maintain the Kmq of territory for industrial area Increase the % of distribution water supply network connection Reach high levels of EBI near industry area (class I and II)
    108. 108. Monitoring of middle period in Veneto region IN ORDER TO VERIFY THE FULFILMENT OF THE STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES
    109. 109. 2.6 Compensation and Mitigations Actions (RESPONSE) 2. SEA GUIDANCE A and SETTING PROCESSING and EDITING CONSULTATION, ADOPTION, APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION and MANAGEMENT
    110. 110. CarboMark: a voluntary alternative to compensation Recent data concerning the implementation of Kyoto Protocol demonstrate that strategies adopted until now have not enough contributed to mitigate the increasing of GHG in atmosphere and the climatic change. While technological innovation related to the emissions' reduction is still to come, the offset of CO2 from forests could constitute a temporary but important strategy for mitigating the effects of high GHG concentration on climate change. The CarboMark market will trade credits from a wide set of agro-forestry activities, including forest management, long lived wood products  and urban forestry with the aim of reducing Green House Gas emissions. A carbon credit is an intangible commodity generated by an activity that absorbs carbon dioxide or avoids other GHG emissions. The main feature of the market is that carbon credits will be generated  by activities carried out at the local level. CarboMark is a pilot action for a local voluntary carbon market ASSUMPTION THE PROJECT
    111. 111. CarboMark: a voluntary alternative to compensation Local small and medium enterprises will have the opportunity to abate their emissions by buying credits from local mitigation activities. The CarboMark market area involves two regions in the North-East of Italy: Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia. Veneto Region Friuli Venezia Giulia Region University of Padova University of Udine CarboMark is a pilot action for a local voluntary carbon market INVOLVED REGIONS RECIPIENTS <ul><li>The implementation of a local market of CO2 credits that rewards the commitment of forest owners and emitters. </li></ul><ul><li>A future reference for the adoption of agro-forestry in the voluntary market and the integration of mitigation measures in local planning. </li></ul>PARTNERS EXPECTED RESULTS
    112. 112. Adoption of Sustainable Energy Action Plan A commitment towards Europe’s energy and climate policy 29 January 2008 in the second edition of the European Sustainable Energy Week (EUSEW 2008), the European Commission launched The Covenant of Mayors a volunteer initiative to actively involve European cities in the path towards sustainability and environmental efficiency.
    113. 113. Adoption of Sustainable Energy Action Plan
    114. 114. Adoption of Sustainable Energy Action Plan Baseline Emission Inventory & SEAP development with stakeholders and citizens Monitoring and reporting Implementation of your SEAP STEP 1: Signature of the Covenant of Mayors STEP 2: Submission of your SEAP STEP 3: Regular submission of implementation reports (every 2 years) Creation of adequate administrative structures 1 st year 3 rd year & beyond 3 steps leading to the Covenant objective
    115. 115. Adoption of Sustainable Energy Action Plan <ul><li>Covenant methodological Guidelines and tools </li></ul><ul><li>for the development of BEI & SEAP </li></ul>SEAP template & instructions in 23 EU languages SEAP Guidebook Reports on existing methodologies and tools
    116. 116. Comparison SEA/EIA
    117. 117. Which assessment procedure apply? SEA not required under the SEA Directive, but consider whether the object might instead fall within the scop of the EIA Directive SEA only required Consider whether joint EIA/SEA procedure would be appropriate Consider whether parallel procedures might be appropriate Consider how tiering arrangements can be maximised SEA PLAN/PROGRAMME EIA PROJECT
    118. 118. Main differences in procedural requirements
    119. 119. Environmental assessment: SEA vs. EIA
    120. 120. Prof. Gabriella Chiellino Work e-mail : [email_address] Address: Parco Tecnologico e Scientifico VEGA-edificio Auriga Via delle Industrie 9– 30175 Marghera VENEZIA Italy www.eambiente.it Thank you for your kind attention

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