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Yin Sun - Shell

Presentatie Event “Power Quality | Changing landscape”

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Yin Sun - Shell
SPREKER:
Dr.ir. Yin Sun
Technical Challenges of Renewable Hydrogen Production
June 2021 3
February 2019 4
Energy Transition:
• Increasing amount of intermittentgenerationsource
• Electrificationof industrialsector as well as residentialend-use
• from controllablegenerationto controllableload
Source: Report“ourenergy, ourfuture: how offshorewind will help Europe go
carbon-neutral”,Wind Europe, 2019 November
Source: https://www.tennet.eu/e-insights/energy-transition/annual-peak-load/, access date: 26th March, 2020.
22/Oct/19 5
◼ 2020: 700 MW Borssele ½
◼ 2021: 700 MW Borssele ¾
◼ 2022: 1400 MW Hollandse Kust (Zuid)
◼ 2023: 700 MW Hollandse Kust (Noord)
◼ 2024: 700 MW Hollandse Kust (West) Alpha
◼ 2025: 700 MW Hollandse Kust (West) Beta
◼ 2026: 700 MW Ten Noorden van de Waddeneilanden
◼ 2027: 2000 MW Ijmuijden Ver Alpha (DC)
◼ 2028: 2000 MW Ijmuijden Ver Beta (DC)
Total: 9.6 GW
Total Installed generation capacity 25.6 GW (2020),
and peak load is 18 GW (2020)
Government is consulting on plans to add an extra
10.7GW of offshore wind, raising total target to 22.2GW
by 2030 (link)
6
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Yin Sun - Shell

  • 2. SPREKER: Dr.ir. Yin Sun Technical Challenges of Renewable Hydrogen Production
  • 4. February 2019 4 Energy Transition: • Increasing amount of intermittentgenerationsource • Electrificationof industrialsector as well as residentialend-use • from controllablegenerationto controllableload Source: Report“ourenergy, ourfuture: how offshorewind will help Europe go carbon-neutral”,Wind Europe, 2019 November Source: https://www.tennet.eu/e-insights/energy-transition/annual-peak-load/, access date: 26th March, 2020.
  • 5. 22/Oct/19 5 ◼ 2020: 700 MW Borssele ½ ◼ 2021: 700 MW Borssele ¾ ◼ 2022: 1400 MW Hollandse Kust (Zuid) ◼ 2023: 700 MW Hollandse Kust (Noord) ◼ 2024: 700 MW Hollandse Kust (West) Alpha ◼ 2025: 700 MW Hollandse Kust (West) Beta ◼ 2026: 700 MW Ten Noorden van de Waddeneilanden ◼ 2027: 2000 MW Ijmuijden Ver Alpha (DC) ◼ 2028: 2000 MW Ijmuijden Ver Beta (DC) Total: 9.6 GW Total Installed generation capacity 25.6 GW (2020), and peak load is 18 GW (2020) Government is consulting on plans to add an extra 10.7GW of offshore wind, raising total target to 22.2GW by 2030 (link)
  • 6. 6
  • 10. • Voltage Support • Dynamic Stability • Power Quality
  • 11. • Voltage Support • Dynamic Stability • Power Quality
  • 12. 380/150 kV/33 kV 1 GW 380/33 kV Substation AIS 380 kV 4×1GW 1 block 216 MVA Cable 33 kV 33/22 kV 54 MVA 22 kV 2 (or 3) 380 kV circuits from Tennet 33 kV . . . . . . . . . . . . Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 Harm Filter Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 22kV/600V 2×27 MVA 7.5º phase shift 7.5º phase shift 30º phase shift Circuit breaker Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 7.5º phase shift STATCOM 100MVar 150/33 kV 228 MVA 150 kV 5× 216MVA STATCOM 20MVar 380/33 kV 228 MVA 380/33 kV Substation AIS 380 kV 20×216 = 4320 MVA 1 block 216 MVA Cable 33 kV 33/22 kV 54 MVA 22 kV 2 (or 3) 380 kV circuits from Tennet 33 kV . . . . . . . . . . . . Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 Harm Filter Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 22kV/600V 2×27 MVA 7.5º phase shift 7.5º phase shift 30º phase shift Circuit breaker Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 7.5º phase shift Concept 1 for GW design Concept 2 for GW design Acknowledgment: work is performed in collaboration between Shell and Tue, credits goes to Han. M, TU Eindhoven.
  • 13. 0 Q compensation Power factor=1 Power factor=0.9 10.e 10.s 20.e 20.s 30.e 30.s 40.e 40.s 50.e 50.s 60.e 60.s 70.e 80.e 80.s 90.e 110%.eN- 1.e100.e90.s 70.s 110%.s110.eN- 1.s90%.e100.s90%.s110.s 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 Qne ed_ max=1253.68 Qne ed_ min=47.49 380/150 kV/33 kV 1 GW 380/33 kV Substation AIS 380 kV 4×1GW 1 block 216 MVA Cable 33 kV 33/22 kV 54 MVA 22 kV 2 (or 3) 380 kV circuits from Tennet 33 kV . . . . . . . . . . . . Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 Harm Filter Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 22kV/600V 2×27 MVA 7.5º phase shift 7.5º phase shift 30º phase shift Circuit breaker Rectifier # 1 Rectifier # 2 7.5º phase shift STATCOM 100MVar 150/33 kV 228 MVA 150 kV 5× 216MVA Type Single-tuned filter high-pass filter Filter structure Harmonic order harmonics such as 5th, 7th, etc. Filter higher order harmonics (such as 13th ) Input parameters Reactive power Q (fixed) Filter tuning frequency fr in Hz(fixed) Quality factor qf (range) Reactive power Q (fixed) Filter tuning frequency fr in Hz (fixed) Quality factor qf (range) STATCOM– Grid Forming?
  • 14. Modeling Scope of the project 14 Ggrid(s) –Gwf(s) Gh(s) ΔPwf ΔQwf ΔPwfin ΔQwfin ΔPh ΔQh ΔU Δθ ΔPg ΔQg ΔPgin ΔQgin GPT(s) Hydorgen plant Offshore wind farm Power-tracking controller AC Grid ΔPwf ΔPh2 ΔQh2 ΔPpt ΔQpt Onshore hydrogen electrolysis plant AC Grid Pwf Offshore wind farm Pg Zg PCC HV LV Ph2 HV LV HV Cable Powe-tracking controller UPCC θ Qwf Qh2 Qg Ggrid(s) ΔPg ΔQg ΔQgin AC Grid ΔU Δθ ΔPgin Gh(s) ΔPh ΔQh Gh(s) ΔU Δθ Gwf(s) ΔPwf ΔQwf ΔPwfin ΔQwfin ΔU Δθ GPT(s) ΔPwf ΔPh2 ΔPpt ΔQpt Linear transformation Acknowledgment: work is performed in collaboration between Shell and Tue, credits goes to Han. M, TU Eindhoven.
  • 15. Validation: Power tracking redesign Scope of the project 15 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 0 10 102 3×102 100 Frequency/Hz Phase/° Magnitude/dB -90 -180 Decrease bandwidth 0 50 100 150 200 power P of windfarm Q of windfarm 14 14.2 14.4 14.6 14.8 15 15.2 15.4 15.6 15.8 16 (a) -360 -180 0 180 10 102 3×102 100 Frequency/Hz -20 -10 0 10 20 Frequency/Hz Phase/° Magnitude/dB Phase/° Magnitude/dB (b) -40 -30 -20 -10 0 -450 -360 -270 -180 10 102 3×102 100 Subsystem stable System-level stable Acknowledgment: work is performed in collaboration between Shell and Tue, credits goes to Han. M, TU Eindhoven.
  • 16. • Summary • New Technology to offer flexible/digital technology with competitive CAPEX/OPEX • Technical Requirement for Connection of “Battery” (e.g. Rfg 2.0) • Technical challenges for harmonic and fault ride through for life-time of asset with changing power grid environment.