NT Session 3 Acts


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Acts slides for Foundations Bible School (copyright Don Palmer).

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NT Session 3 Acts

  1. 1. Foundations (Year Two)“Encountering the New Testament” Session #3. Encountering ACTS
  2. 2. Written earlier: The NT Writings Letter of James (40’s/50’s)Letters of Paul: Written later:Galatians (48/49 CE) Letters of Peter (64-66)1 & 2 Thessalonians (51-52) Mark (68-70 )1 & 2 Corinthians (53-57) Matthew (70-80)Romans (56-57) Luke-Acts (70-80)Prison letters (61-62): Hebrews (50’s/60’s?) (Colossians, Ephesians, Philemon & Philippians) Letter of Jude (50’s ?)Pastoral letters (64-66): Writings of John: (1, 2 Timothy & Titus) Gospel, Letters & Revelation (90-96)
  3. 3. “The spreading flame”- the message of the book of ACTS
  4. 4. The authorLuke, the historianLuke, the theologianLuke, the evangelistLuke, the missionary
  5. 5. The bookCompiled over many months (even years)Written in Greek (for primarily Greek speaking world)Possibly written (compiled) from RomeLater designated, simply “ACTS”A second volume (LUKE-ACTS)
  6. 6. Luke’s purpose – a reminder“In my former book… I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up to heaven” (Acts 1:1-2)(see Luke 1:1-4)
  7. 7. Luke - ActsHow the good news How the good news started spread“all that Jesus began..” “all that JesusEstablishment of continued..” salvation Proclamation ofRedemptive salvationLocal, limited & brief Evangelistic Universal, withoutComing of salvation to boundaries & prolonged Jews Spread of salvation toRecord of Jesus as Gentiles Christ/ Messiah Preaching of Jesus as Lord
  8. 8. The Theology of ACTSGod’s continuing purpose in history (2:23; 3:18; 4:28)A new message & a new mandate (5:20)The emergence of the Church as the people of God (Matthew 16:18)The centrality of the Holy Spirit (Jn. 8:39)
  9. 9. ACTS – an outlineIntroduction & background 1 (a) Coming of Spirit/ beginning of Church 2-5 …Glimpses into God’s new society (Peter & John) (b) Opposition: Stephen the deacon 6-8 Persecution: Philip the evangelist Expectation: Peter the apostle 9-12 (c) Conversion & ministry of Saul/ Paul the apostle 9 First missionary journey 13-14 (Church Council at Jerusalem) 15 Second missionary journey 15-18 Third missionary journey. 18-21 Latter days of Paul 21-28
  10. 10. ACTS 1Waiting & Expectation
  11. 11. Waiting for the promiseMore about Jesus:Proof that he’s alive (v.3a)Teaching about his kingdom (v.3b)Waiting for his power (vv.4-5)Hearing his commission (vv.7-8)Seeing him as Lord (vv.9-11)Turning to him in prayer (vv. 12-26)
  12. 12. Proof that he’s alive“After his suffering, he presented himself to them and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive.” (cf. 1 Cor. 15:3-8) “witnesses of his resurrection” (1:22; 4:2, 33; 17:18; 24:21)
  13. 13. Teaching about his kingdom“He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God.”(cf. Daniel 2:44; Isaiah 2:1-5; Ezekiel 7:24ff. - Matt.3:17; Mark 1:15; Luke 4:18-19) “The now & the not yet”
  14. 14. Waiting for his powerOn one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit”… and you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you.(cf. Luke 24:49; Jn. 14:15-27; 15:26-27; 16:5-16)
  15. 15. Hearing his commission JerusalemIt is not for you to Judea/ Samaria know …But you will receive power…And you will be my witnesses… Ends of the earth
  16. 16. Alternative structure to the book“You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you and you will be my witnesses…In Jerusalem… (2:1-4, 33)In all Judea & Samaria… (8:14-17)To the ends of the earth.” Saul (9:17-18) Cornelius (10:44-47) Ephesians (19:1-7)
  17. 17. Seeing him as LordAfter he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. "Men of Galilee," they said, "why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.““Jesus Christ is LORD” (2:33-36; 4:18-20, 26; 5:29-31; 7:56; 9:5; Eph. 1:11, 20-23; Col. 1;15-20; Phil. 2:9-11)
  18. 18. Turning to him in prayerThey all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.They proposed two men: Joseph…and Matthias. Then they prayed, "Lord, you know everyones heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs." Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles. Matthias – the right or wrong choice?
  19. 19. ACTS 2The coming of the Spirit (1:1-13)The content of the Christian message (1:14-41)The formation of Christian community (1:42-47)
  20. 20. The coming of the SpiritA significant day (when?)The physical phenomena (what?)The spiritual phenomena (what?)The company of hearers (why?)
  21. 21. A significant day!Passover (1st month 14thday) Death of Christ Unleavened bread (15th) (1 Cor. 5:7 “Christ our Passover”)Firstfruits Resurrection of Christ/ Coming of Weeks (50 days after the Spirit (1 Cor. 15:20-23; firstfruits of harvest) Rom.8:23)Trumpets (7th month) Life between the now & the not Day of Atonement (10th) yet (saved & being saved) Tabernacles (15th) Phil. 3:20-21; Heb. 11:8-16“When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.”
  22. 22. The Promise?Luke 24:49“I (Jesus) am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.”Acts 1:4On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about.”
  23. 23. The Fulfillment!Acts 2:32-33, 38-39 (Peter)God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear……Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off— for all whom the Lord our God will call."
  24. 24. Galatians 3:14 (Paul)He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit.Ephesians 1:13And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit.
  25. 25. Physical phenomena“they heard…a God’s powerful sound like a presence. violent wind” (Gen. 1:2; Ezekiel 37)“they saw…what God’s purifying seemed to be presence. tongues of fire” (Ex. 13:21-22) The Holy Spirit
  26. 26. Spiritual phenomena“All of them were …to control & filled with the empower our lives Holy Spirit”“(All of them) …to release our lips began to speak in (in worship & witness) other tongues”
  27. 27. The company of hearers
  28. 28. Baptism & fullnessFor John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit. (1:5)All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit.(2:4)Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be (being) filled with the Spirit. (Eph. 5:18) Initiation ongoing filling (control)
  29. 29. The content of the Christian message1. PROMISE2. FULFILMENT • He came The • He lived kerygma • He died • He is alive • He is Lord3. RESPONSE
  30. 30. “They offered a gift – they looked for a response”  OFFER: 1. A new life (through the Holy Spirit) 2. A new status (forgiven & accepted)  RESPONSE: 1. Repent – 3:19; 17:30 2. (Believe &) be baptized – 2:38; 20:21 3. Demonstration - 26:20
  31. 31. Formation of the Christian community “People of God” (Gen. 12; 1 Pet. 2:9-10)“They devoted themselves to…”1. (the) Apostles Teaching2. (the) Fellowship3. (the) Breaking of bread – Worship4. (the) Prayers
  32. 32. A Missional CommunityEvangelism Social justicewith power with compassion “in word” “in deed” Foundation(Teaching/ Sharing/ Worship/ Prayer)
  33. 33. The focus of a community church, which is missionalGathered as the people of GodEmpowered by the Spirit of GodEquipped with the message of GodSent to be the people of God… …in the community & the world
  34. 34. ACTS 3A community of word & power The ongoing ministry of Jesus through his followers (“The ACTS of the APOSTLES”)
  35. 35. ACTS 1:1-2“In my former book… I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up to heaven…”JOHN 14:12-14“I tell you the truth, anyone who has faith in me will do what I have been doing. He will do even greater things than these, because I am going to the Father. And I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Son may bring glory to the Father. You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it.”
  36. 36. StructureThree major blocks:An early miracle …opposition commences (3:1-4:31) Summary paragraph #1. (4:32-38)A major warning …“Ananias & Sapphira” (5:1-11) Summary paragraph #2 (5:12-16)An ensuing conflict …persecution by Jewish (5:17-42) religious hierarchy
  37. 37. What precisely did Jesus do?A reminder:“Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him.” (Acts 2:22)
  38. 38. Isaiah 61/ Luke 4“The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to announce good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim to the prisoners - freedom and to the blind - recovery of sight to release the oppressed – into freedom, to proclaim the year of the Lords favor”
  39. 39. The ministry of Jesus (Lk. 4:40-44)Word DeedTeaching Healing & deliveranceRevelation by Actions of the the Spirit SpiritParable Miracle
  40. 40. What is a miracle?A “mighty work” ( dunamis )A “sign” ( semeion )A “wonder” ( teras )miracle (faith in) GOD
  41. 41. “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power (dunamis), and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.” (Peter in Acts 10:38)“The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devils work.” (John in 1 John 3:8)
  42. 42. So what’s really happening?The kingdom The kingdomof God is of darkness iscoming in being cast(among you) (thrown) out Deliverance/Healing exorcism
  43. 43. Or, to put it another wayThe message: The evidence:The kingdom of God Healing, deliverance… has come: salvation,God has entered history, reconciliation,in the person and work of forming of Christian Jesus Christ, community,& is continuing to do so transformation of through the Holy Spirit, society.For the redemption/ trans- formation of this world.
  44. 44. Christians - Power to heal?“Everyone was filled with awe, and many wonders and miraculous signs were done by the apostles.” (Summary by Peter, Acts 2:43)
  45. 45. Remember their experience with Jesus"When Jesus had called the Twelve together, he gave them power and authority to drive out all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them out (two by two) to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick...So they set out and went from village to village, preaching the gospel and healing people everywhere." Luke 9:1-6 (cf. Mark 6, Matthew 10)
  46. 46. A specific example (Acts 3)The location & settingThe (actual) miracleThe reactions
  47. 47. Reactions…Faithful preaching of the messageOpposition from religious hierarchyGreat stimulation to prayerChristians living in the fear of GodCompassionate generousity and miraculous ministry “in the name of Jesus”
  48. 48. The “name” of JesusThen Peter said, "Silver or gold I do not have, but what I have I give you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk.“ (3:6)By faith in the name of Jesus, this man whom you see and know was made strong. It is Jesus name and the faith that comes through him that has given this complete healing to him, as you can all see. (3:16)
  49. 49. The “name” of JesusThey had Peter and John brought before them and began to question them: "By what power or what name did you do this?“ (4:7)It is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead, that this man stands before you healed.This is the stone you builders rejected, which has become the cornerstone.Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name given under heaven by which we must be saved.“ (4:10-12)
  50. 50. Further reactions to “the name”But to stop this thing from "We gave you strict orders not spreading any further among to teach in this name," he the people, we must warn said. "Yet you have filled these men to speak no Jerusalem with your teaching longer to anyone in this and are determined to make name." Then they called us guilty of this mans blood.“ them in again and com- (5:28) manded them not to speak His speech persuaded them. or teach at all in the They called the apostles in and name of Jesus.(4:17-18) had them flogged. Then theyStretch out your hand to heal ordered them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and and perform miraculous let them go. signs and wonders through the name of your holy The apostles left the Sanhedrin, servant Jesus.“ (4:30) rejoicing because they had been counted worthy of suffering disgrace for the Name. (5:40-41)
  51. 51. Opposition & persecution (Chs. 4-5)Reasons for Reaction to opposition oppositionContent of their Faithful witness messagePower in their lives Fear of God… rather than menStigma of their Inner joy/ outward allegiance growth
  52. 52. The forgotten people of ACTS Stephen, the deacon (chs. 6-7) Philip, the evangelist & his 4 prophetic daughters (ch. 8; 21:9) Simon, the sorcerer (ch. 8) Peter, the apostle (chs. 9b.-12) Barnabas, the encourager aka Joseph (4:36/ chs. 9,11) Gamaliel, the Pharisee (5:34; 22:3) Ananias, the witness (9:10ff.) Dorcas & Lydia, the female disciples (9:36ff.) Cornelius, the centurion (10:1ff.) James, the bishop (15:13-21) Apollos, the teacher (18:24-28) Priscilla & Aquila, the pastors (18:2, 26) Mark, Timothy, Silas & Luke, the co-workers
  53. 53. The preaching &ministry of Philip (the evangelist)
  54. 54. The earliestpreaching &ministry of Peter (the apostle)
  55. 55. Conversion(& early journeys of Saul)
  56. 56. Paul: The missionaryPaul’s three (post-conversion) convictions:1. His whole previous way of life lay under the rebuke of God (Phil. 3:4-11)2. The Jesus whom he had been persecuting was the Son of God, truly alive and in ultimate control (1 Cor. 15; Col. 1:15-20)3. He (Paul) had been called to take this message to the world (Gal. 1:1, 13-17)
  57. 57. The early ministry of Barnabas & Saul
  58. 58. Antioch: The missionary churchThey were a…1. Worshipping church2. Waiting church3. Willing church (Ch. 13:1-3)
  59. 59. The first missionary journeyPaul & Barnabas GALATIA 46-48 CE
  60. 60. The first missionary journeyStage #1 (13:4-12) Opposition (cf. chs. 4, 8, 19)Stage #2 (13:13-52) The message: JesusStage #3 (14:1-21) The strategy: Cities & synagoguesStage #4 (14:21-28) The consolidation: Discipleship, leadership & prayer
  61. 61. Paul writes to the Galatian churches?
  62. 62. Church Council at Jerusalem 49 CE“Resolving conflicts in the church” Lessons from Acts 15:1-35
  63. 63. The difficulty (vv.1-5)A disagreement…or something more?Is doctrine important?Primary & secondary doctrines?What’s going on in Galatia? (cf. Gal. 1:7)Heresy = any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established doctrine
  64. 64. The discussion (vv. 6-21)Setting the scene (vv.1-5)The testimony of PeterThe testimony of Paul (& Barnabas)The verdict of JamesThe consent of the (whole) church
  65. 65. The decision (vv. 22-35)The letterThe couriersThe requests (not absolutes!)
  66. 66. What’s this got to do with us?1. Diversity in non-essentials unity in essentials2. Knowing where & when to draw the line3. Acknowledge dependence on larger Church4. Celebrate what God is doing even in the midst of difficultiesDon’t let the fundamentals become incidental - or the incidentals will be come fundamental!
  67. 67. The second missionary journeyPaul & Silas EUROPE 49-52 CE
  68. 68. The second missionary journeyConflict between Paul & Barnabas Barnabas & Mark go to Cyprus/ Paul & Silas to AsiaTimothy joins the mission team“The man of Macedonia” - Go West young man!Philippians conversions: Lydia, Slave girl & JailorThessalonica (The persecutors)Berea (The disciples)Athens (The philosophers)Corinth (18 months of fruitful ministry)Ephesus - Antioch
  69. 69. Paul writes his first two letters“To the Thessalonians” (from Corinth)
  70. 70. The third missionary journeyPaul GREECE & ASIA 53-58 CE
  71. 71. The third missionary journeyAsia MinorEphesus (three levels of spiritual warfare) …but three years of fruitful ministryMacedonia – Greece (3 months) - MacedoniaMiracle at Troas (Eutychus)Farewell to the Ephesian eldersTyre – Caesarea – JerusalemReport to James & the bishops “When they heard this, they praised God”
  72. 72. Paul writes “To the Corinthians” 56-57 CELetter #1 From the CorinthiansLetter #2 1 Corinthians (56)Letter #3 A severe letterLetter #4 2 Corinthians (57)
  73. 73. Paul writes “To the Romans” 57-58 CE
  74. 74. The latter days of Paul:The journey to Rome 58-61 CE
  75. 75. The latter days of Paul, 58-61 CEArrested in Jerusalem (21:27-22:29) Paul’s defense before the Roman authoritiesPaul before the Sanhedrin (22:30-23:11) The plot (of “the forty”) to kill Paul (23:12-22)Paul’s imprisonment at Caesarea (2 years) Trial before Felix, the Governor (24:1-27) Trial before Festus, the Governor (25:1-22) Trial before King Agrippa (25:23-26:32)Journey to Rome (storm – shipwreck - Malta)Paul under house-arrest in Rome (2 years)
  76. 76. Paul’s “Prison letters”(…under house arrest 61-63 CE)
  77. 77. Paul is released for further ministry& writes his “Pastoral letters” 64-66 CETimothy (Ephesus) Titus (Crete)
  78. 78. Paul’s final words (2 Timothy)Paul is martyred (beheaded) under Nero, 67 CE