10169 square miles Located in center ofAfrica Capital – Kigali 2 Main Groups1. Hutus – About 85 percent2. Tutsis – about 15 percent
1962 – Rwanda gained its freedom from Belgium 1964 - Hutu started killing 25,000 Tutsis and drove nearly a million out of Rwanda. Real killings and mass murderers didn’t start until April 6,1994 Rwandans Flag Belgiums Flag
Theoneste Bagosora – Master mind of the Genocide – December 18th, 2008 He was sentenced to life in prison along with 2 other co murders.
April 6th, 1994 – beginning of the 3 month long genocide. President Habyarimana – Hutu –plane was shot down Believed that Tutsis killed the president Sparked a man named Colonel Theoneste Bagosora to start a movement to eliminate all Tutsis - began killing Hutus that opposed his plan to eliminate the Tutsis.
Between 500,000 and 1 million Tutsis and Hutus where brutally murdered Killed by – Machine guns, to machetes, all the way to pocket knifes Went city to city killing as they went Was hope – Rwanda Patriotic Front
Formed in 1987 by Refugee Tutsis in Uganda – those that were driven out by Hutus before genocide They were pushing back the Hutus into their own capital Kigali. On July 4th RPF captures the capital Two weeks later the Hutus Surrender.
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda – formed to judge the people behind the genocide June 8th, 2002 – still 115,000 to be judged – created the Gacaca to do lesser judgments Most of those people only got a couple years in prison – just following commanders orders. July 2005 – about 62,500 Hutus were released from prison – had to go to a camp where they learned Rwandan history, reconciliation, and justice.
Made a lot of progress to rebuild Rwanda Have resurrected a lot of the landscape and building A lot of the Tutsis who were evacuated to surrounding countries – refused to come back– in case of trap