Rwanda Civil War


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Rwanda Civil War

  1. 1. By John Horan Rwanda Civil War
  2. 2. The Reason for this Topic <ul><li>many people died and I would like to learn why that happened. </li></ul><ul><li>I wanted to learn more about the affects of colonization in Rwanda. </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to learn about the effects of the pushing of two ethnic groups together. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What I Knew Before I Started Researching <ul><li>I knew that the Hutus and the Tutsis were involved </li></ul><ul><li>many people died because of the fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Another thing I knew was that the Hutus and Tutsis were ethnic groups and ethnic groups are like tight knit communities. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Essential Question <ul><li>What caused the conflict in Rwanda and what are its effects, also, what are other countries doing about it? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why the Fighting Started <ul><li>Many people believe that the fighting started because of ethnic differences </li></ul><ul><li>But the Hutu's and Tutsi’s are basically the same people ethnic group wise. </li></ul><ul><li>The real reason they started fighting was because of economic differences </li></ul><ul><li>Tutsis were closer to the king so as a result, they were richer, and used the Hutus as slaves because they were not as close to the king. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>No conflict in all of Africa has taken such a high death toll in such a short amount of time </li></ul><ul><li>The government in Africa organized a genocide that killed 800000 people (mainly Tutsis and peaceful Hutus) or 20% of the Tutsi population </li></ul>Death Tolls
  7. 7. History of the Civil War <ul><li>It started in 1990 when the Tutsis tried to overthrow the Hutu government </li></ul><ul><li>3 years later they signed a peace treaty </li></ul><ul><li>That treaty was cast aside when Tutsis shot down the Hutu president </li></ul><ul><li>Then the government carefully organized a genocide in which the president guard killed Tutsi opposition leaders </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other Countries Effects <ul><li>France “intervened” but not in support of the defenseless Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>France multiplied the Rwandan army by 6 and led the killing of the Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>If France did not help the Hutus and the Tutsis could have stopped the attacks almost as soon as they began </li></ul><ul><li>The U.N is know for helping stop wars but they withdrew their troops as soon as the fighting started and did not redeploy them until after the fighting cooled down </li></ul>
  9. 9. Surprising Info <ul><li>France escalated the fighting by joining in </li></ul><ul><li>(France led the killing and multiplied the army by 6) </li></ul><ul><li>The government itself who is supposed to protect the people organized the killing of 20 % of the Tutsi population </li></ul><ul><li>They started to fight because of economic differences </li></ul><ul><li>(The Hutus decided to not be servants for the Tutsis and started to break away from Tutsi rule) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Questions I Still Have <ul><li>Why did France join in on the killing of the Tutsis? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the next step the government is taking control the fighting? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the United Nations not help stop the genocide? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Tutsis do in response to the genocide? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Resources <ul><li>1. </li></ul><ul><li>2. </li></ul><ul><li>3. </li></ul><ul><li>4. </li></ul><ul><li>5. </li></ul><ul><li>6. </li></ul><ul><li>7. World Explorers By: James B. Kracht </li></ul>