www.unisdr.org
1
Wendy Cue
Senior Disaster Risk Reduction Advisor
UN/ISDR Kathmandu
www.unisdr.org
Nepal DRR Priorities
Na...
www.unisdr.org
2
Earthquake History in Nepal
• Estimated Rupture Area of major Himalayan earthquakes (M>7.5)
• Bilham (2004), Ambraseys and...
www.unisdr.org
4
Institutional Framework
National Calamities (Relief) Act 1982
- focus on Relief and Response, compensatio...
www.unisdr.org
5
National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management
(NSDRM) 2009
Based upon commitments to Hyogo Framework for...
www.unisdr.org
6
National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management
(NSDRM) 2009
5 Priority Actions ; 29 Strategic Activities....
www.unisdr.org
7
National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management
(NSDRM) 2009
5 Priority Actions ; 29 Strategic Activities....
www.unisdr.org
8
Cabinet
(Policy, Budget, Emergency Declaration)
Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee
(Coordination, ...
www.unisdr.org
9
National Council for Disaster
Management (PM)
Technical Committees
• Preparedness Management (MOLD)
• Res...
CNDRC
Chaired by MOHA
Includes
NA/NP/APF/Line Ministries/NRCS/Humanitarian Coordinator
CNDRC Emergency Operation Centre (E...
www.unisdr.org
11
Achievements and Priorities
• Monsoon season preparedness, DP at Regional, District level
• NEOC – Emerg...
The Nepal Risk Reduction
Consortium
12
5 Flagship Programmes Coordinat
ors
Amount
School and hospital safety – structural ...
www.unisdr.org
13
• To support the Government of Nepal in developing a
long term DRR Action Plan building on the new
Natio...
www.unisdr.org
14
• Formed May 2009, launched October 2009
• Flagship Coordinators: ADB, IFRC, UNDP, UNISDR,
OCHA and Worl...
www.unisdr.org
15
Observations
15
• Clear added benefit of coordination: more actors
involved in DRR and efforts should be...
www.unisdr.org
16
United Nations, secretariat of the
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
cue@un.org
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3 drr priorities nepal dipecho presentation (unisdr)

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  • Focus on relief and response, Compensation – lack of emphasis on preparedness
  • Institutional strengthening, mainstream DRR, network of EOCs, one
  • 3 drr priorities nepal dipecho presentation (unisdr)

    1. 1. www.unisdr.org 1 Wendy Cue Senior Disaster Risk Reduction Advisor UN/ISDR Kathmandu www.unisdr.org Nepal DRR Priorities National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management DIPECHO Partners meeting, Kathmandu 21 September 2010
    2. 2. www.unisdr.org 2
    3. 3. Earthquake History in Nepal • Estimated Rupture Area of major Himalayan earthquakes (M>7.5) • Bilham (2004), Ambraseys and Bilham (2000), Kumar, et al. (2006) Lavé, et al. (2005) • India/Eurasia Plate Motion • (Bettinelli et al., J. Geodesy, 2006) Major Seismic gaps
    4. 4. www.unisdr.org 4 Institutional Framework National Calamities (Relief) Act 1982 - focus on Relief and Response, compensation Local Development Act, 1989 - DDCs and VDCs to be responsible for preparedness Three Year Interim Plan, 2007-2010 - chapter on DRM, recognition of institutional gaps National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management, 2009 - not yet Disaster Law
    5. 5. www.unisdr.org 5 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) 2009 Based upon commitments to Hyogo Framework for Action 2005- 2015. Elaborated through multi-stakeholder consultation process. Objectives: Integrate DRR in Sustainable Development Strategies Strengthen institutions, mechanisms, and capacities for developing resilience to disaster, Incorporate DRR concepts in Preparedness, Response and Recovery programmes
    6. 6. www.unisdr.org 6 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) 2009 5 Priority Actions ; 29 Strategic Activities. Priority Action 1: Ensure that Disaster Risk Reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation Priority Action 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster rsks and strengthen early warning system
    7. 7. www.unisdr.org 7 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) 2009 5 Priority Actions ; 29 Strategic Activities. Priority Action 3: Better Knowledge Management for a culture of safety and resilience Priority Action 4: Reducing the underlying Risk Factors Priority Action 5: Enhance preparedness for Effective Response
    8. 8. www.unisdr.org 8 Cabinet (Policy, Budget, Emergency Declaration) Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Coordination, Response, Rescue, Relief) Regional Disaster Rescue Committee (Regional Resource Mobilization) District Disaster Rescue Committee (Policy/program Execution, Rescue & Relief, Information Management ) Existing Institutional Arrangement on Disaster Management
    9. 9. www.unisdr.org 9 National Council for Disaster Management (PM) Technical Committees • Preparedness Management (MOLD) • Rescue and Relief Management (MOHA) • Rehabilitation and Reconstruction (MOPPW) National Disaster Management Authority Regional Disaster Management Committee District Disaster Management Committee Local Disaster Management Committee Proposed Structures in the NSDRM
    10. 10. CNDRC Chaired by MOHA Includes NA/NP/APF/Line Ministries/NRCS/Humanitarian Coordinator CNDRC Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) Chaired by MOHA Includes Line Ministries/Valley Div/Regional Police HQ (APF/PF)/NRCS/NGOs/Community Based Organisations/MNF LO/IASC LO DDRC (Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) Chaired by CDO Includes Line Agencies/Bdes/District Police HQ (APF/PF)NRCS//NGOs/Community Based Organisations/MNF LO/IASC LO District Level Field/Tactical Coordination Operational/National Level Operational Coordination Strategic/National Level National Command and Control
    11. 11. www.unisdr.org 11 Achievements and Priorities • Monsoon season preparedness, DP at Regional, District level • NEOC – Emergency Operations Centre • INSARAG EQ exercise 2008 • Model Customs Agreement • GARD – Get Airports Ready for Disasters • IDP sites in KTM valley • NAPA • National Platform • NRRC – Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium
    12. 12. The Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium 12 5 Flagship Programmes Coordinat ors Amount School and hospital safety – structural and non-structural aspects of making schools and hospitals earthquake resilient AsDB $52.1 million Emergency preparedness and response capacity OCHA $20.5 million Flood management in the Koshi River basin World Bank $24.2 million Integrated community based DRR/management IFRC $22.8 million Policy/institutional support for disaster risk management (DRM) UNDP $11.7 million Total $131.3 million
    13. 13. www.unisdr.org 13 • To support the Government of Nepal in developing a long term DRR Action Plan building on the new National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (approved October 2009). • To initiate a multi-stakeholder participatory process with the Government of Nepal and civil society organizations. • To identify short to medium term disaster risk reduction priorities that are both urgent and viable within the current institutional and policy arrangements in the country. Consortium objectives 13
    14. 14. www.unisdr.org 14 • Formed May 2009, launched October 2009 • Flagship Coordinators: ADB, IFRC, UNDP, UNISDR, OCHA and World Bank, Led by the HC/RC • Reflects priorities of the Hyogo Framework for Action • Follows main recommendations of the 2009 Global Platform • National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management approved by the Cabinet of Nepal October 2009 • Proposed programme budget: US $131 million (for 3 years) • Steering Committee formed, high-level event planned. Facts and figures 14
    15. 15. www.unisdr.org 15 Observations 15 • Clear added benefit of coordination: more actors involved in DRR and efforts should be complementary: - Lack of coordination leads to duplication, some areas receive less focus than needed • Good to get all main partners working towards a common set of government-approved DRR activities. • Good to ensure that all in-country resources are being mapped against those targets. • Inclusion of NGOs and civil society. • Explicit linkages/synergies with CCA still needed.
    16. 16. www.unisdr.org 16 United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction cue@un.org

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