SCABIES Name : Kalsum Binti Mohamad ID No. : 012009051600 Subject : Community Health 3Lecturer : Pn. Hjh. Faizah Ghazali
What is scabies?• Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabiei.• The presence of the mite leads to intense itching in the area of its burrows.
Mode of transmission.• Direct skin-to-skin contact.• Scabies is contagious and can spread quickly through close physical contact in a family, child care group, school class or nursing home.
Signs & Symptoms• Itching, often severe and usually worse at night.• Thin, irregular burrow tracks made up of tiny blisters or bumps on your skin.
In adult• Between fingers • Around breasts• In armpits • Around the male• Around your waist genital area• Along the insides of • On buttocks wrists • On knees• On your inner elbow • On shoulder blades• On the soles of your feet
In children• Scalp• Face• Neck• Palms of the hands• Soles of the feet
Complications• Vigorous scratching can break your skin and allow a secondary bacterial infection such as impetigo to occur.
Exams & Tests• Examination of the skin shows signs of scabies.• Tests include an examination under the microscope of skin scrapings taken from a burrow to look for the mites.• A skin biopsy can also be done.
Treatment• Permethrin 5 percent (Elimite).This cream — which contains chemicals that kill scabies — twice, with a week or so between each application. Permethrin is generally considered safe for children and adults of all ages, including women who are pregnant or nursing.• Lindane. This medication — also a chemical treatment — is available as a cream, lotion and shampoo. Like permethrin, its usually applied in two treatments, spaced about a week apart. This medication isnt safe for children younger than age 2 years, women who are pregnant or nursing, or people with weakened immune systems.
• Crotamiton (Eurax). This nonchemical medication is applied once a day for two to five days. Your doctor may recommend it if your baby has scabies.• Ivermectin, an oral medication, is an antiparasitic medication that has also been shown to be an effective scabicide, for people with altered immune systems, for people who have crusted scabies, or for people who dont respond to the prescription lotions and creams.
Prevention• Avoid contact with infected persons.• Clean all clothes and linen.