<ul><li>The people in Somalia are dying from hunger and malnutrition every day, for this purpose we have started this project about finding a type of flour that will be helpful for them if could send it. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>This are the different aspects that I have come up with that this flour should have. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high nutritional value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>long lasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>less ingredients you should need when cooking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonable price </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
Teff is an ancient and intriguing grain, tiny in size yet packed with nutrition. It is simple to prepare and similar to millet or quinoa in cooking. Teff is a great addition to your diet for nutrition, taste, and variety. Teff is native to Ethiopia where it accounts for one quarter of the total cereal production. Not a newcomer, it is believed that teff originated in Ethiopia between 4000 BC and 1000 BC. Although it has been used in Northeast Africa for centuries, teff only became known in other parts of the world in the late 20th century when farmers began to cultivate it in Australia and the Central United States. A growing demand for teff has made it more readily available in North America. It can usually be found in health food stores either in the grain form or ground into flour.
Teff flour has a high content of calcium and minerals such as aluminium, boron, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, zinc, iron and thiamine. One can make pancakes and cookies from teff flour too. It is full of amino acids that give you a long life. gluten-free teff is quite a versatile grain that can be used in baked foods as well as a thickening agent for soups, gravies, stews and puddings. Teff flour doesn't need as much water as the other flours
Whole grain teff flour is even more nutritious than whole wheat flour . While both have about the same amount of protein (4g) and fiber (4g) per 1/4 cup, Teff is also a good source of iron and a not-too-shabby source of calcium as well. That same 1/4 cup serving of teff flour contains 13% of the Daily Value for iron (versus about 6% for whole wheat flour) and 5% of the Daily Value for Calcium (versus 1% for whole wheat flour.) This makes teff flour an especially good food to incorporate into the diets of toddlers, children, teenage girls and adult women; all groups that tend not to meet the recommended intakes for iron and/or calcium on average Whole wheat flour Teff flour
<ul><ul><li> Whole grain teff is one of the few plant foods that’s a source of complete protein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be grown under moisture-stress areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be grown under waterlogged conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is suitable and is used for double and relay cropping. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its straw is a valuable animal feed during the dry season when there is acute shortage of feed. It is highly preferred by cattle and costs higher than the straw of other cereals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has acceptance in the national diet and enables farmers to earn more because of its high price. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a reliable and low-risk crop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be stored for a relatively long period of time ( a minimum of 3 years) before it loses its viability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It costs around 30 cents per ounce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its the smallest grain in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Facts about Teff
Even though teff flour is not the flour with the highest content of proteins and calories, it has some other advantages that makes it more appropriate for the occasion. For instance teff flour lasts longer than all of the other flours and when it comes to bake bread it's the one that needs less water, and water it's a very important resource that it can't be found easily in Somalia. The value of teff per ounce is around 30 cents per ounce, when we say that teff is expensive it’s because it is not as cheap as the other flours, the price for teff it’s still accessible because the price of flour itself its very low, for example the price for wheat flour is around 23 cents per ounce. Rice flour is the cheapest of all the flours with a price of 8 cents per ounce however the nutritional value of rice flour it’s very low compared to teff flour.
Bibliography information and facts http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/proceedings1993/v2-231.html http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/recipes/guides/grains.php http://www.buzzle.com/articles/wheat-flour-substitute.html http://skipthepie.org/cereal-grains-and-pasta/wild-rice-cooked/compared-to http://www.ethiogreen.com/productsfaq.html http://whatscookingamerica.net/CharlotteBradley/Teff-Flour.htm nutrition facts http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cereal-grains-and-pasta/10352/2 http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cereal-grains-and-pasta/10357/2 http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cereal-grains-and-pasta/5745/2