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Historyfinal goodworkgroup

  1. 1. Hornwood manor warfare By Lord Theutberga, Sir Aliena, Serf Tilly wife of Baldwin the bald, and Serf Aliena wife of Odo the tanner
  2. 2. Weaponry <ul><li>Siege engine-this is used to knock down castle walls </li></ul><ul><li>Mangonel- missels were launched from a bowl shaped bucket at the end of one of the giant arms of the mangonel – not as accurate as the catapult or powerful but is very easy to build </li></ul><ul><li>Ballistas-giant crossbows used to attack men </li></ul><ul><li>Siege towers-used as a weapon because it got them to the height of the castle wall – levers and wheels to control the movement of the tower, covered the siege towers with wet animal hide so that they cannot be set on fire </li></ul><ul><li>Arrows- long arrows were set on fire at the tip and were used to throw at enemy tents so that they could set the tents on fire </li></ul>
  3. 3. Weaponry pictures <ul><li>Mangonel </li></ul><ul><li>Ballista </li></ul>
  4. 4. Weaponry <ul><li>Bombards- cannons </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze cannons-put on wheels so they can be easily pulled by horses, fired metals that could damage the walls of the stone castle </li></ul><ul><li>Catapult-hurls rocks or other things into the air </li></ul><ul><li>Battering rams- used to pound castle walls in the hope of breaking them down </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different tips of the rams are made of different things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can have fireproof tips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trebuchet-launched stone or metal objects up to 650 feet, large counterweight machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This could be fired with great accuracy so that it would keep hitting the same place in the castle wall so that it would collapse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dead animals (to cause disease), burning pots (to set areas on fire), and stones could be thrown in this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Round stones went farther and had more accuracy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Weapons continued… <ul><li>Thrusting Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Jousting Lance </li></ul><ul><li>Battle-tipped Lance- was made of wood, usually ash and was used for battle </li></ul><ul><li>Long-range weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Long bows (can fire 12 arrows in a minute) </li></ul><ul><li>Quarrels (fired from crossbows, can pierce through armor) </li></ul><ul><li>Edged Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Most important after a lance </li></ul><ul><li>Dagger </li></ul><ul><li>One-handed sword </li></ul>
  6. 6. Weapons cont… <ul><li>Broadsword or scabbard- a protective sheath for swords </li></ul><ul><li>Flail - Typically, the weapon is depicted as one (or more) weights attached to a handle with a hinge or chain </li></ul><ul><li>Dagger and sheath </li></ul><ul><li>Battle ax- could be hurled as a missile, used for close combat, the blade on the ax was about 10 inches long, could injury knights that were fully clothed in armor </li></ul>
  7. 7. Weapons continued…(you thought we were done:)) <ul><li>Caltrops-spike weapons that were strewn across the battlefield (3 inches tall) </li></ul><ul><li>Guns-fling large round stones or shots by using explosive powder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosive Powder-made of saltpeter (stale urine and maneur), charcoal (partially burned wood), and sulfur </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War hammer- used for close combat action. Often they had a spike on them so that they could be used more often. Small handled war hammers were used for close combat and longer ones were used more for get riders off there horses </li></ul><ul><li>Buckle </li></ul>
  8. 8. Weapons cont… <ul><li>Mace- was a bludgeoning weapon, was used for close contact fighting as well as on horseback, The head of the mace was made of either stone, bronze, iron, or steel. If this struck a knight it could injury him as well as destroy our armor . </li></ul><ul><li>The mace was easy and cheap to make. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Weapons for defense only <ul><li>Long poles to knock down the ladders and Siege towers </li></ul><ul><li>Rope used to attach to the nose of the battering ram to keep it from swinging into the castle walls </li></ul>
  10. 10. Armor <ul><li>We do not use chainmail as a top layer because it can be pierced through with arrows. </li></ul><ul><li>Armor- made of metal : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helmet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under top coat of armor, jacket of chain mail, padded cloth, and leather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail gorget (chain mail underneath) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spaulders (covers shoulders) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lance rest (hold your weapon) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couter (inside of your elbow) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The cannon of the Vambrace (forearm) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gauntlet (hand and wrist) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast plate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linen undershirt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fauld of 5 flames ( 5 coverings near hips, made of metal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tasset (thigh) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail skirt (chain mail underneath) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuisse (upper knee) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poleyn (knee) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greave (shin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sabaton (foot) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linen underneath everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather shoes under the sabaton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neck and the back of the legs are protected by chain mail </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Knights battle needs <ul><li>Carried- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sword </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visor-part of helmet pulled down to protect face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long pole with a hook to catch onto the straps of enemies armor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>shield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dagger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carts with… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spades </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Axes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Picks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iron pointed stakes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food and clothing for six months </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Ally <ul><li>We are allies with Golden Lake Manor </li></ul><ul><li>We have discussed what we will do for each other in times of war </li></ul><ul><li>We will combine forces in times of battle </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ally <ul><li>We are allies with Oakwood Manor </li></ul><ul><li>We have discussed what we will do for each other in times of war </li></ul><ul><li>We will combine forces in times of battle </li></ul>
  14. 14. Castle Formation <ul><li>Circular castle- so that no one can hide behind the walls of the castle and perform a sneak attack </li></ul><ul><li>This also makes it harder to get inside because there are less entrance </li></ul><ul><li>Walls are extremely smooth so that they can’t climb up the walls </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing that they can attach to at the top of the castle </li></ul><ul><li>There is barbed wire type object along the top so that if a rope is thrown over to try to get in the rope will be cut and the person will be unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>Staircase is double spiral so that right handed people have the advantage(so we will trade everybody to be mainly right handed but they can still use their left hand) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Friend or Foe <ul><li>Use a coat of arms to tell who is good and who is bad </li></ul><ul><li>Our knights are taught to detect different coats of arms so they know the good from the bad </li></ul><ul><li>They can be colored, have picture, or have striped designs </li></ul>
  16. 16. Transportation/horses <ul><li>Knight ride on horses to travel, to ride into battle, and to hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Need stirrups to get onto horse and they use a saddle </li></ul><ul><li>Each knight has at least three horses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War horse(destrier)- trained to fight, they can cost up to 20x the amount of a regular horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We sell our horses once they are hurt for lots of money to get a new horse or armor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- If a horse is trained it is very valuable </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Transportation/horses cont… <ul><li>Lighthorse (palfrey)-used to get around/for regular fighting practice </li></ul><ul><li>Packhorse- used to carry loads of armor, tents, and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>These horses have a shaffron or spike on their head as well as armor on their bodies to protect them further </li></ul><ul><li>Our horses are trained to bite and kick others. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers on foot- </li></ul><ul><li>Usually archmen </li></ul><ul><li>Moving </li></ul><ul><li>- when near a coast or river, the troops could move 20 or more miles a day with ships to carry the supplies </li></ul>
  18. 18. Jousting <ul><li>Three rounds of jousting, points can be won in all three rounds </li></ul><ul><li>Our knights have high boards in the front and back to hold the knight securely in place as he fights or jousts </li></ul><ul><li>We tar our people’s pants to their saddle’s so that they do not fall of as easily </li></ul><ul><li>We learn to joust on a quantain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training for jousting-after hitting a shield a person must dodge a sack on the other end of the machine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rules of jousting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The challenger gets to choose his weapons first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Swords are four feet long </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lances are eleven feet long </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Point winning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 point for striking the opponent anywhere (you may not hit any place dangerous, such as the head) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 points for striking so hard that your lance breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 points if your opponent falls of his horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AUTOMATIC WIN OF ROUND if your opponent falls of his horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If your opponent is knocked off, you receive his horse and armor </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Forming an Army <ul><li>Recruit people who owe Lord Theutberga service such as a serf first </li></ul><ul><li>We use scutage </li></ul><ul><li>Scutage- the ability to pay the king or queen and they would be rid of their war obligations for the year </li></ul><ul><li>Most people don’t enjoy fighting so the king could hire them using the money from the scutage so that they would work better </li></ul><ul><li>The men that served were willing to serve for the king in return for payment, so they then became the base for the English armies </li></ul>
  20. 20. Organizing the Army <ul><li>Separation into groups </li></ul><ul><li>Cavalry- knights and sergeants with a small amount of horses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lances- teams of 2 or 3 armored men(knights, sergeants, squire, pages, and bowmen) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soldiers on foot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually arch men(they used different types of bows- crossbowmen, short bowmen, and longbow men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other weapons on foot were- spearmen, javelin, axmen, and dagger men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These soldiers were put in platoons of about 20 men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Five of these platoons were under the command of a squire (squire is payed more) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These platoons then form battalions, which were instructed by expierenced knights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knights were payed more because they commanded so many troops </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Battle Resumé <ul><li>Preparing for knighthood </li></ul><ul><li>Go through all stages- squire, page, and knighthood </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpen weapons each day so that they are easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Fence with mock swords so that we will be skilled with the sword and not get hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to identify horses so that we can choose the right horse for what we are doing </li></ul><ul><li>Knights learn the coat of arms </li></ul><ul><li>Local peasants learn archery so that they can help the castle during times of war </li></ul>
  22. 22. Logistics <ul><li>How to kill massive amounts of people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horses carry big wagons with all the supplies that are needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups of 20,000 men and horses would move five to ten miles a day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When they went through the area they stripped it of all food and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When other people came into and area they would starve and sometimes die because of the lack of local food </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Castle Building/rest of area(defense) <ul><li>Has a vault big enough to store lots of food </li></ul><ul><li>Has its own water supply so that it can’t be poisoned </li></ul><ul><li>Very deep foundations so that people can’t make tunnels through it </li></ul><ul><li>Thick walls to try to avoid them being destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by a moat with little land between castle and water so that they have trouble getting in </li></ul><ul><li>Use Mortar(burned lime, cement, sand, and water) as a bonding agent between the bricks </li></ul><ul><li>All food was put in castle when the castle is under attack </li></ul><ul><li>Burned all houses, crops, and trees so that there was no where to hide </li></ul><ul><li>Poison all other water supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Board open areas with wood, so that attackers weren’t safe to hide in them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We could set them on fire or we could send arrows through them </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. HAHAHAHAH! <ul><li>We have take the tithes and indulgence’s from the corrupt Catholic church to use them toward’s our weapons, armor, horses funds. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Relic Slide (optional) <ul><li>The priest blessed a relic that said we would win our battle. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Tactics (defense) <ul><li>Boiled oil and water is poured on people that are trying to attack the castle. </li></ul><ul><li>To hurt the enemies horse (getting past the hore’s armor) we take a knife and stab him on the underside of his stomach – there is no armor there </li></ul><ul><li>We boil sandbags and when we throw them on people, the sand gets into the armor and blisters people’s skin </li></ul><ul><li>If attackers come to the draw bridge, we leave the draw bridge down so that the people can get in </li></ul><ul><li>(Book Demonstration) </li></ul><ul><li>Build wooden walls that stuck out of the castle so that they could stay behind it, and then when people came they got out of the walls and fired arrows at people </li></ul><ul><li>We put wet animal hide’s over the wooden walls so that they cannot catch fire when we are in them </li></ul><ul><li>Once we are finished, we take off the animal hide’s and set the wood walls on fire so that no one else can use them </li></ul><ul><li>We have a constable that helped us to control our defensive tactics </li></ul>
  27. 27. Tactics (defense continued) <ul><li>We have our men positioned on a high rock </li></ul><ul><li>This forces that attacking people to come towards them </li></ul><ul><li>When this happens we fire many arrows at the crowd – the amount of arrows causes more issue than the accuracy does </li></ul><ul><li>This causes the fighters to be injured and disorganized by the time they reach the castle making them easier to take down </li></ul>
  28. 28. Tactics (neutral) <ul><li>People are given rations of food so that we do not run out (when we are in a battle) </li></ul><ul><li>We polish are armor so much, so that when we are in battle, the light shines off of the armor and blinds the opponent </li></ul><ul><li>When our knights win small battles, they capture the person they are fighting against and then hold them for ransom </li></ul><ul><li>To torture people for information, we tie their hands and feet to a crank and crank it until they are stretched limb from limb </li></ul><ul><li>The bests knight’s train young squires, so that they grow up to be the best they can be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are trained in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to rede horses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hunt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fight with a large variety of weapons </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Occupations <ul><li>Blacksmiths: made weapons, sharpened tools </li></ul><ul><li>Armorer’s: made weapons and armor </li></ul><ul><li>Guards: guard the cellar (where food was kept) </li></ul><ul><li>Serf’s : trained in archery to fight in war </li></ul><ul><li>All people contributed to the castle in times of battle </li></ul>
  30. 30. Game Plan <ul><li>Go to book… </li></ul>
  31. 31. Tactics (offense) <ul><li>Once we have destroyed a castle, we take all parts of the castle (stone’s and such) and use it onto ours </li></ul><ul><li>Are horses are trained to kick and trample and twist near foot soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>If the battle has been going on for a long time, we just surround the castle and wait for them to starve </li></ul><ul><li>When bodies were poisoned we threw them over castle walls to make other people sick </li></ul>
  32. 32. Army <ul><li>We will have 500 peasants fighting for us </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 knights will be moving towards the other castles </li></ul><ul><li>10,00 knights will be at home fighting for the castle </li></ul><ul><li>The big weapons we will have one weapon for every three men </li></ul>
  33. 33. Supplies <ul><li>We will have enough armor for all the knight to have armor and we will have at least 100 backup sets of armor. We will also have a backup horse for each knight. For our weapons we will have enough weapons for all of our knights and we will also have the peasants have plenty of arrows. We will have enough food for everybody in our castle to last us at least a year by preserving our food (meat and other things that spoil) with salt. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Supplies cont. <ul><li>3 types of horses (an original set for each knight and then another set) </li></ul><ul><li>Armor for every knight and at least 10,000 extra sets </li></ul><ul><li>The knights will all be equipped with all the things that are under there needs, but for a year </li></ul><ul><li>Our castle will be stocked with food for at least 6 months to a year and we will have 100 feet of rope for defense as well as 500 long poles to push people off of our castle walls </li></ul><ul><li>All of our peasants will be armed with at least 500 arrows and 2 bows </li></ul><ul><li>we will have 10,000 siege engines so we can work on knocking down different walls </li></ul><ul><li>we will have 10,000 mangonels </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 trebuchets </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 bombards and we will have 10,000 bronze cannons </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 battering rams </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 siege towers because they are so important </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 ballistats </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 catapults </li></ul><ul><li>We will have 10,000 guns </li></ul>
  35. 35. Supplies cont. <ul><li>Mace- each knight will have 3 maces </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 90,000 maces </li></ul><ul><li>War hammer- each knight will have 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 90,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Caltrops- there will be 5 for each knight </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 750,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrows- each knight would have 500 arrows and each peasant would have 500 arrows. Every one has 3 bows </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 15,250,000 arrows </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 105,000 arrows </li></ul><ul><li>Scabbard- each knight will have 2 scabbards </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 60,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Flail- each knight will have 3 flails </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 90,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Sheath and dagger- each knight will have 2 daggers and a sheath is what you can keep the dagger in </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 60,000 daggers </li></ul><ul><li>30,000 sheaths </li></ul><ul><li>Battle ax- each knight will have 3 battle axes </li></ul><ul><li>Total 90,000 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Supplies cont.. <ul><li>Jousting Lance- each knight will have 5 jousting lances </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 150,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Battle-tipped lance- each knight will have 5 battle-tipped lances </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 150,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Long bows- each knight will have 2 long bows </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 60,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Quarrels- each night will have 500 quarrels </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 15,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>One handed sword- each knight will have 4 one- handed swords </li></ul><ul><li>Total- 120,000 </li></ul>
  37. 37. If… <ul><li>If people try to dig holes under the castle to get in… </li></ul><ul><li>We drill underground and set the people on fire </li></ul><ul><li>We then dig another tunnel that meets up with the people that are trying to get with the castle, and we put a torch down there so everything catches on fire </li></ul>

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