Ancient Roman Army Powerpoint

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  • Good afternoon, everybody! I would like to present to you this Powerpoint Presentation that I made about the military of Ancient Rome.
  • Before the 1 st century BC, only men who were property owners and farmers could join the Roman army, but later from the 1 st century BC onward, anybody could join. Soldiers had to stay in the army for at least twenty-five years, then became a Roman citizen.
  • The Roman army was one of the most organized armies in the ancient world. A Roman army had 30 legions in it. There were five basic ranks in the Roman Army: the Legionarii, the Immunes, the Discentes, the Milites Gregrii, and the Tirones.
  • There were many kinds of different pieces of armor and weapons for different ranked soldiers in the Roman army. Of all of the pieces of armor and weapons, the most commonly used ones were the gladius, pilum, pugio, hasta, and scutum. Soldiers were also required to wear a belt, which was also called a Cingulum at all times. The scorpio, ballista, onager, and catapulta were artillery weapons used by the soldiers.
  • Roman soldiers were trained to be well disciplined and fit. Everyday, they had to march for five hours. They also had to do some kinds of physical exercise, group training, and weapon training.
  • There were many formations that helped the Roman Army defeat their enemies, including the wedge formation, the Zama tactic, the strong right flank formation.
  • Just as the Roman army’s fighting was very organized, their forts are the same. Some buildings in the Roman army’s forts include barracks, the headquarters, hospital, granary, toilet blocks, and bath houses.
  • I hope you enjoyed and learned a lot from my Ancient Rome – Military Powerpoint Presentation!
  • Ancient Roman Army Powerpoint

    1. 2. <ul><li>ONLY men </li></ul><ul><li>At first, only property owners and farmers could join the army, but later from the 1 st century BC onward, anybody could join. </li></ul><ul><li>Had to stay in the army for at least 25 years, then became a Roman citizen </li></ul>Roman soldiers marching. Roman soldiers in a defensive formation.
    2. 3. <ul><li>The Roman Army was very organized. A group of 80 soldiers equaled 1 legionary. Eighty legionaries equaled 1 century. Fifty-nine centuries equaled 1 legion. Thirty legions equaled 1 Roman Army. </li></ul><ul><li>There were 5 basic ranks in the Roman Army: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legionarii = basic soldier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immunes = trained specialists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discentes = Milites in training for an immunis position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Milites Gregarii = private level - foot soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tirones = new private recruits </li></ul></ul>Above is a picture of a Roman legion.
    3. 4. <ul><li>Weapons: short sword for stabbing (gladius), throwing spear (pilum), dagger (pugio), spear (hasta). </li></ul><ul><li>Armor: overlapping iron bands, metal helmet, shield (scutum), leather sandals. </li></ul><ul><li>Cingulum, which was a military belt, was worn at all times, even without the rest of the armor. </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery weapons: large crossbow (scorpio), huge crossbow (ballista), siege engine (onager), machine that hurled javelins (catapulta). </li></ul>Above is a picture of a Roman legionarii , a basic Roman soldier, who is about to fight.
    4. 5. <ul><li>Every day, soldiers had to march daily for 18.4 miles in 5 hours, carrying 60 pounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical exercise: long distance running, high jump, long jump, climbing over walls, obstacle course, swimming in armor </li></ul><ul><li>Group training: running, jumping, fencing, javelin throwing, chopping trees. </li></ul><ul><li>Weapon Training: handling a sword, delivering blows to the enemies, throwing javelins and pilum. </li></ul>The two Roman soldiers in the picture above are having a sword fight. Looks violent!
    5. 6. <ul><li>There were many formations that helped the Roman Army defeat their enemies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wedge formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single line defence / extended line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannae tactic (weak center) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maniple channels/ Zama tactic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protected flank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong right flank/rolling up the line </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Barracks – Eight soldiers shared two small rooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Headquarters – in the middle of each fort; used for people to work and keep money. </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital – for sick and wounded soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Granary – one year’s amount of grain was kept </li></ul><ul><li>Toilet blocks – built near outside wall. </li></ul><ul><li>Bath houses – used for soldiers to bathe and relax; had hot water. </li></ul>A Roman Army’s Fort
    7. 8. <ul><li>&quot;Roman Army.&quot; Roman Army . 6 May 2009. Wikipedia. 6 May 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_army>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Roman Army.&quot; The Roman Army . Nettlesworth Primary School. 6 May 2009 <http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/nettsch/time/rarmy.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Roman Army.&quot; The Romans . BBC. 6 May 2009 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/romans/army.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Roman Army.&quot; The Romans . 2 July 2008. History on the Net. 6 May 2009 <http://www.historyonthenet.com/Romans/roman_army.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Strategy of the Roman Military.&quot; Strategy of the Roman Military . 19 Mar. 2009. Wikipedia. 6 May 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategy_of_the_Roman_military>. </li></ul>

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