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  1. 1. Swords, Armor, and Bows By Thomas A and Soo L
  2. 2. Weapons/ Armor Changes <ul><li>Before warring age, samurai =mostly mounted archers. During warring age, samurai = mostly mounted spearmen; however, archers still in great demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this change, samurai armor changed too, during the warring age, the armor was slightly altered into armor made of solid plates, not little pieces sewn together. </li></ul><ul><li>Bows made of bamboo that faces deciduous wood and arrows of bamboo. The bowstrings are made from plant fibers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Weapons Part 2 <ul><li>Swords are made from two different harnesses of steel giving them both strength and flexibility. Low carbon content means softer, more flexible steel, where as higher carbon concentrations makes harder, stronger steel. The hardness of steel depends on the carbon content of it. When cooling, the two types of steel cool at different rates making them curve. The swords were hand made by the most skillful craftsmen in Japan that also had good moral values, because an evil craftsmen makes an evil sword. </li></ul><ul><li>Spears were made of stout oak shafts in which the tangs that were sharp on both sides sunk into. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Battle Situations/Tactical Advantages <ul><li>If a samurai wanted to inflict damage at range, he’d use a bow and launch a few arrows at his enemies </li></ul><ul><li>When mounted on horseback, however, a bow would be hard to use with it constantly moving, so he’d probably use a spear if he was at medium-close range, as they were easily handled on horseback </li></ul><ul><li>Spears, while excellent for stabbing, are useless for slashing, so they were great on a horse powered charge </li></ul><ul><li>Not all spears were the same, some had special prongs on the side to pull riders off their horses </li></ul><ul><li>Also, of course, in close range combat, the samurai would reach for his sword </li></ul>
  5. 5. Armor- The Sashimono <ul><li>symbol to identify themselves and control direction of fighting </li></ul><ul><li>show allegiance </li></ul><ul><li>resemble small flags/banners </li></ul><ul><li>made of leather and silk </li></ul><ul><li>colors: black and white </li></ul><ul><li>shape: rectangular or square shape </li></ul><ul><li>featured clan symbols </li></ul>
  6. 6. Armor <ul><li>metal sleeves for arm protectors </li></ul><ul><li>torso armor with the split skirt—these were plates of armor hanging from torso armor </li></ul><ul><li>iron collars for neck guards </li></ul><ul><li>breechcloth usually made out of cotton </li></ul><ul><li>shitagi for padding-like the kimono, shorter and narrower, narrow sleeves, buttons, and wide cords to tie around waist </li></ul><ul><li>pantaloons/trousers </li></ul><ul><li>shin and thigh guards </li></ul><ul><li>large rectangular shoulder guards to protect from arrows </li></ul><ul><li>two swords </li></ul><ul><li>cotton skull cap also used for padding face mask-to keep the iron helmet with more flaring neck defense stable </li></ul>
  7. 7. Purpose of Armor Part 1 <ul><li>undergarments made out of badger-skin to eliminate lice infestation </li></ul><ul><li>split skirt was made so samurai could move and ride his horse easily </li></ul><ul><li>shoulder guards were used to protect the wearer from arrows </li></ul><ul><li>face mask had two uses: to keep the helmet on and to frighten enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Neck guards- used so that the enemy couldn’t cut off the wearer’s head </li></ul><ul><li>The iron helmet-very elaborate- had crests in the shape of horns, dragons, and other creatures which was attached to the brow </li></ul>
  8. 8. Purpose of Armor Part 2 <ul><li>purpose of the symbols was also so others could identify the samurai, symbolize his bravery, and scare away his enemies </li></ul><ul><li>whole plates of armor were made out of small scales called lamellae- shiny lacquered leather or iron, copper, and other metals; sometimes silk or rawhide strings connected lamellae horizontally, and were put together vertically by thick silk </li></ul><ul><li>color and patterns of the silk identified the samurai or reflected his personal taste </li></ul>