BFP Andes-Project Plans

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Presented at the Basin Focal Project Review meeting in Cali, Colombia from 1-5 Feb, 2008

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BFP Andes-Project Plans

  1. 1. BFP‐ANDES – Leader: Mark Mulligan, KCL – Coordinator: Jorge Rubiano, UNAL • WP1(POV): G. Hyman, A. Farrow, G. Lema (CIAT) WP1(POV): G Hyman A Farrow G Lema (CIAT) • WP2(AVAIL): M. Mulligan (KCL), J..G. Leon (UNAL) • WP3(PROD): M. Kirby (CSIRO), J. Selvaraj (UNAL) • WP4(INST): D. White (CIAT), V. Vargas (UNAL) • WP5(INTERV) M S M. Saravia (CONDESAN,BC), incl. prev. CP projects i (CONDESAN BC) i l CP j • WP6(KNOW): N. Niederhauser (CIAT)  • + tied PhD, MSc and UG students AIM: To have the best available science used in the  formulation and testing of land and water policy for  better livelihoods, in cases where currently it is not better livelihoods in cases where currently it is not Brief for presentation: – What Andes BFP is intended to achieve? And for whom? – Expected Research products  – How you intend to get outputs?
  2. 2. Team Experience  • Extensive knowledge of the region • Poverty mapping and analysis • Water accounting and productivity Water accounting and productivity • Institutions and interventions • L l t k h ld Local stakeholders and networks d t k • Spatial hydrological modelling and GIS • Global datasets • Policy support systems and knowledge Policy support systems and knowledge  systems
  3. 3. Water related issues and basins Deforestation (F,A,T,AL,J) Erosion/Sedimentation (F,L,A,E,T,AL,J) Pollution (F,E,J) Pollution (F E J) FUQUENE Loss of biodiversity (F,L,AL,J) Ecosystem degradation (A,E)  LA MIEL Contamination (F,L) ANGEL Water scarcity (A,T,J) AMBATO Poor institutional framework and  infrastructure (A,T,AL) SG505 Poverty, lack of education (A,T,AL) Poverty lack of education (A T AL) ALTOMAYO SG510 Water use and management (E) JEQUETEPEQUE Natural hazards (T) Low productivity (AL) TUNARI
  4. 4. Basin(s) Context • High but variable rainfall steep slopes spatial High but variable rainfall, steep slopes, spatial  heterogeneity, climate change • Poverty sometimes related to lack of water, sometimes of  y , excess water: – Hazards to productivity : (landslides, soil erosion/degradation,  nutrient losses) nutrient losses) – Downstream impacts : (sedimentation, water quality losses,  flooding, supply to major cities) .... with impacts on health and poverty sometimes through food. • Competing land‐use demands on steep‐lands  • E i ti Existing and proposed major dam projects, inter‐basin  d d j d j t i t b i transfers, mining... • Payments for environmental services and other non ag. Payments for environmental services and other non ag.  livelihood options
  5. 5. ‘Clients’ • Farmers, (basin) communities, interested citizens a e s, (bas ) co u t es, te ested c t e s • Local government (policy advisors) • National government (policy advisors) National government (policy advisors) • Universities, research orgs (e.g. IDEAM) • Commercial : Water/HEP companies Commercial : Water/HEP companies • International Conservation NGOs (CI, WWF, TNC) • International organisations (CP/CGIAR,CARE,  International organisations (CP/CGIAR CARE Oxfam) • International donors (WB, IADB,DfID,GTZ..) International donors (WB, IADB,DfID,GTZ..)
  6. 6. The problem with research: After Briggs and Smithson (1985)
  7. 7. “The “Th researchers … h h have already th l d thrown much darkness on this subject, and it is probable that if they continue [their investigations] we shall soon know nothing at all about it. “ (Mark Twain)
  8. 8. Unintended  ‘Client’ Needs consequences • Simplification of a complex problem • Accessible baseline data and information baseline data and information • Accessible tools for testing effects of alternative policy  options (interventions) and their intended and  unintended consequences • Accessible  knowledge on impacts of climate change  • Accessible knowledge of (seasonal) downstream  ibl k l d f( l) d impacts of land use change on water supply to  cities/dams / • Accessible spatial planning tools for optimisation in a  highly heterogeneous and connected environment • An Institutional framework for evidence‐based policy  implementation
  9. 9. Products • Capacity built in local institutions/stakeholders (and Capacity built in local institutions/stakeholders (and  networks e.g. CONDESAN) • Students engaged and trained engaged and trained • Report diagnosing current status of water poverty,  water productivity, environmental security and  water productivity environmental security and social and institutional context incl. gender • Maps of long term average water availability and of long term average water availability and  trends • Maps of resource sensitivity to land use and Maps of resource sensitivity to land use and  climate change  • Maps of the poverty outcomes of changing access Maps of the poverty outcomes of changing access  to water
  10. 10. www.ambiotek.com/fiesta
  11. 11. A research model : FIESTA : contribution of cloud forests to runoff in the  Southern Andes (%)
  12. 12. Products • Maps of the sensitivity of food production to climate  (variability and change) and land use change • D b Database of institutions and intervention projects fi i i di i j and likely outcomes of a range of these in the basin • S Summary of points of contact and types of  f i t f t t dt f data/information required by institutions • Andes BFP portal on IDIS Andes BFP portal on IDIS Much of the above integrated into: M h f th b i t t di t • CPWF‐ANDES PSS (Web‐based Policy Support  System) for impact assessment of policy  System) for impact assessment of policy interventions (bilingual)
  13. 13. Why a PSS? Premise is that policies are better when based on the science (natural  Premise is that policies are better when based on the science (natural and social), so how do we get the analysts to look at the science?  ‐ make it easy. What is a PSS (Policy Support System) :  •combines best available data and knowledge of process (models), •integrated spatial database and test‐bed for user policies or  interventions •leaving the simplest possible messages without losing the important  •leaving the simplest possible messages without losing the important complexity of the data and the science, • flexible and dynamic project legacy in addition to static data and  publications, bli ti •Visual and informative to a wide range of audiences, a learning and  thinking tool •Clearly defined output requiring specific inputs (sub‐models) from  each WP in the BFP,
  14. 14. CPWF ANDES BFP PSS : Approach Like science in general, most classic PSS are poorly used in the policy  Like science in general most classic PSS are poorly used in the policy framework Why? ‐ th they may not address the end users concerns t dd th d ‐ they are technically difficult to work with ‐ they are insufficiently visual ‐ they have few or poor means of dealing with uncertainty h h f f d li ih i ‐ they require a lot of data The CPWF‐ANDES PSS APPROACH ‐ link tightly with institutions and interventions at design stage ‐ Web and geobrowser‐based, simple scenarios (models may be  complex but outputs are simple) ‐ Using visual power of Google Earth etc. ‐ Uncertainty analyses inbuilt – results grey out as uncertainty  increases ‐ Self‐parameterising for any basin by connection to KCL geodata portal
  15. 15. An Example : The DserveA model Testing complete March 2008 Testing complete March 2008 Embedded geobrowser interface, self‐parameterising, ‘global  extent, local  scale’, online, always up to date, results shared with stakeholder community
  16. 16. Interaction with science tailored to different user types
  17. 17. Community modelling, GEOWIKI for choice of study  area and addition of data
  18. 18. Self‐parameterising if no local data available : user can  add data if available Connects to KCL Geoportal (www.kcl.ac.uk/geodata) global  datasets e.g. CSI‐SRTM derived flowlines above
  19. 19. Outputs as maps : e.g. Precipitation  e.g. Actual evapotranspiration Outputs as timeseries for points or  areas....  e.g. Runoff
  20. 20. Proposed system diagram for Andes BFP PSS.... Water and climate Climate Scenarios Indicators of wellbeing and  Climate poverty Markets (prices) Ag. Profit and loss Water  W t Runoff Population Environmental flows balance Water availability Erosion Water quality Nature conservation Nature conservation Contamination Farmer decision  making g Ag. Productivity Interventions Crop  Land  use planning Land use Ecosystem protection growth Dams Irrigation Yield Crop type Water transfer PES Livestock  Soil management (e.g. fertilisers) Yield Ag. Profit and loss Slope management (e.g. slope  (grazing) reduction)
  21. 21. Thank you Th k

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